13,699 research outputs found

### Real time plasma equilibrium reconstruction in a Tokamak

The problem of equilibrium of a plasma in a Tokamak is a free boundary
problemdescribed by the Grad-Shafranov equation in axisymmetric configurations.
The right hand side of this equation is a non linear source, which represents
the toroidal component of the plasma current density. This paper deals with the
real time identification of this non linear source from experimental
measurements. The proposed method is based on a fixed point algorithm, a finite
element resolution, a reduced basis method and a least-square optimization
formulation

### Thermophysical properties of near-Earth asteroid (341843) 2008 EV5 from WISE data

Aims. To derive the thermal inertia of 2008 EV$_5$, the baseline target for
the Marco Polo-R mission proposal, and infer information about the size of the
particles on its surface. Methods. Values of thermal inertia are obtained by
fitting an asteroid thermophysical model to NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey
Explorer (WISE) infrared data. From the constrained thermal inertia and a model
of heat conductivity that accounts for different values of the packing fraction
(a measure of the degree of compaction of the regolith particles), grain size
is derived. Results. We obtain an effective diameter $D = 370 \pm
6\,\mathrm{m}$, geometric visible albedo $p_V = 0.13 \pm 0.05$ (assuming
$H=20.0 \pm 0.4$), and thermal inertia $\Gamma = 450 \pm 60$ J/m2/s(1/2)/K at
the 1-$\sigma$ level of significance for its retrograde spin pole solution. The
regolith particles radius is $r = 6.6^{+1.3}_{-1.3}$ mm for low degrees of
compaction, and $r = 12.5^{+2.7}_{-2.6}$ mm for the highest packing densities.Comment: 16 pages, 8 figures; accepted for publication in Astronomy &
Astrophysic

### Some mechanisms for a theory of the reticular formation Final report, 15 Nov. 1965 - 14 Nov. 1966

Nonlinear, probabilistic hybrid computer concepts for specifying operational schemata of central nervous system model

### Golden Ratio Prediction for Solar Neutrino Mixing

It has recently been speculated that the solar neutrino mixing angle is
connected to the golden ratio phi. Two such proposals have been made, cot
theta_{12} = phi and cos theta_{12} = phi/2. We compare these Ansatze and
discuss a model leading to cos theta_{12} = phi/2 based on the dihedral group
D_{10}. This symmetry is a natural candidate because the angle in the
expression cos theta_{12} = phi/2 is simply pi/5, or 36 degrees. This is the
exterior angle of a decagon and D_{10} is its rotational symmetry group. We
also estimate radiative corrections to the golden ratio predictions.Comment: 15 pages, 1 figure. Matches published versio

### Structure and optical properties of high light output halide scintillators

Structural and optical properties of several high light output halide
scintillators and closely related materials are presented based on first
principles calculations. The optical properties are based on the Engel-Vosko
generalized gradient approximation and the recently developed density
functional of Tran and Blaha. The materials investigated are BaBr$_2$, BaIBr,
BaCl$_2$, BaF$_2$, BaI$_2$, BiI$_3$, CaI$_2$, Cs$_2LiYCl$_6$, CsBa$_2$Br$_5$,
CsBa$_2$I$_5$, K$_2$LaBr$_5$, K$_2$LaCl$_5$,K$_2$LaI$_5$, LaBr$_3$, LaCl$_3$,
SrBr$_2$, and YI$_3$. For comparison results are presented for the oxide
CdWO$_4$. We find that the Tran Blaha functional gives greatly improved band
gaps and optical properties in this class of materials. Furthermore, we find
that unlike CdWO$_4$, most of these halides are highly isotropic from an
optical point of view even though in many cases the crystal structures and
other properties are not. This general result is rationalized in terms of
halide chemistry. Implications for the development of ceramic halide
scintillators are discussed

### A cold cathode ion source mass spectrometer employing ion counting techniques

Design and construction of mass spectrometer using cold cathode source of ions, quadrupole mass analyzer, and ion counting detector

### A corresponding states approach to Small-Angle-Scattering for polydisperse ionic colloidal fluids

Approximate scattering functions for polydisperse ionic colloidal fluids are
obtained by a corresponding states approach. This assumes that all pair
correlation functions $g_{\alpha \beta}(r)$ of a polydisperse fluid are
conformal to those of an appropriate monodisperse binary fluid (reference
system) and can be generated from them by scaling transformations. The
correspondence law extends to ionic fluids a {\it scaling approximation} (SA)
successfully proposed for nonionic colloids in a recent paper. For the
primitive model of charged hard spheres in a continuum solvent, the partial
structure factors of the monodisperse binary reference system are evaluated by
solving the Orstein-Zernike (OZ) integral equations coupled with an approximate
closure. The SA is first tested within the mean spherical approximation (MSA)
closure, which allows analytical solutions. The results are found in good
overall agreement with exact MSA predictions up to relevant polidispersity. The
SA is shown to be an improvement over the ``decoupling approximation'' extended
to the ionic case. The simplicity of the SA scheme allows its application also
when the OZ equations can be solved only numerically. An example is then given
by using the hypernetted chain (HNC) closure. Shortcomings of the SA approach,
its possible use in the analysis of experimental scattering data and other
related points are also briefly addressed.Comment: 29 pages, 7 postscript figures (included), Latex 3.0, uses aps.sty,
to appear in Phys. Rev. E (1999

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