1,289 research outputs found

    Bound on the multiplicity of almost complete intersections

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    Let RR be a polynomial ring over a field of characteristic zero and let IRI \subset R be a graded ideal of height NN which is minimally generated by N+1N+1 homogeneous polynomials. If I=(f1,...,fN+1)I=(f_1,...,f_{N+1}) where fif_i has degree did_i and (f1,...,fN)(f_1,...,f_N) has height NN, then the multiplicity of R/IR/I is bounded above by i=1Ndimax{1,i=1N(di1)(dN+11)}\prod_{i=1}^N d_i - \max\{1, \sum_{i=1}^N (d_i-1) - (d_{N+1}-1) \}.Comment: 7 pages; to appear in Communications in Algebr

    Homalg: A meta-package for homological algebra

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    The central notion of this work is that of a functor between categories of finitely presented modules over so-called computable rings, i.e. rings R where one can algorithmically solve inhomogeneous linear equations with coefficients in R. The paper describes a way allowing one to realize such functors, e.g. Hom, tensor product, Ext, Tor, as a mathematical object in a computer algebra system. Once this is achieved, one can compose and derive functors and even iterate this process without the need of any specific knowledge of these functors. These ideas are realized in the ring independent package homalg. It is designed to extend any computer algebra software implementing the arithmetics of a computable ring R, as soon as the latter contains algorithms to solve inhomogeneous linear equations with coefficients in R. Beside explaining how this suffices, the paper describes the nature of the extensions provided by homalg.Comment: clarified some points, added references and more interesting example

    A finite-temperature liquid-quasicrystal transition in a lattice model

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    We consider a tiling model of the two-dimensional square-lattice, where each site is tiled with one of the sixteen Wang tiles. The ground states of this model are all quasi-periodic. The systems undergoes a disorder to quasi-periodicity phase transition at finite temperature. Introducing a proper order-parameter, we study the system at criticality, and extract the critical exponents characterizing the transition. The exponents obtained are consistent with hyper-scaling

    Burning Questions: Changing Legal Narratives on Cannabis in Indian Country

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    In the not-so-distant past, thoughts of Cannabis legalization in the United States were radical. In the present day, the narratives around Cannabis are changing. The term “present day” affixes this Article to early 2023, a snapshot in time. To understand the current legal narratives surrounding Cannabis, and what they might become in the future, it is important to examine the history of Cannabis law and policy in United States. This Article begins by discussing Cannabis regulation in the United States, from the rise of federal regulation to the gradual deregulation by states with tacit federal consent. The Article then examines the jurisdictional conflicts between tribes and states for tribes that attempt to decriminalize Cannabis on the reservation with specific attention paid to enforcement of criminal laws on reservation, regulation of commercial activity, and regulations regarding cannabis research in Indian Country. This Article then examines the recent marijuana policy statement issued by the Biden administration and current Congressional activity, including their possible implications for Cannabis in Indian Country and issues to watch. Finally, this Article concludes with a call to recognize the self-determination of tribes in establishing and enforcing their own Cannabis policies on reservation land