1,278 research outputs found

    Possible energy-dependence of Theta_13 in neutrino oscillations

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    A simple three-flavor neutrino-oscillation model is discussed which has both nonzero mass differences and timelike Fermi-point splittings, together with a combined bi-maximal and trimaximal mixing pattern. One possible consequence would be new effects in \nu_{\mu} \to \nu_{e} oscillations, characterized by an energy-dependent effective mixing angle \Theta_{13}. Future experiments such as T2K and NOvA, and perhaps even the current MINOS experiment, could look for these effects.Comment: 15 pages with revtex4; title changed in journa

    What is the probability that θ13\theta_{13} and CP violation will be discovered in future neutrino oscillation experiments?

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    The sensitivity of future neutrino oscillation experiments is determined within a frequentist framework by using a statistical procedure based on Monte Carlo simulations. I consider the search for a non-zero value of the mixing angle θ13\theta_{13} at the T2K and Double-Chooz experiments, as well as the discovery of CP violation at the example of the T2HK experiment. The probability that a discovery will be made at a given confidence level is calculated as a function of the true parameter values by generating large ensembles of artificial experiments. The interpretation of the commonly used sensitivity limits is clarified.Comment: 11 pages, 5 figure

    Monte Carlo study of particle production in diffractive proton-proton collisions at s\sqrt s = 13 TeV with the very forward detector combined with central information

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    Very forward (VF) detectors in hadron colliders, having unique sensitivity to diffractive processes, can be a powerful tool for studying diffractive dissociation by combining them with central detectors. Several Monte Carlo simulation samples in pp-pp collisions at s=13\sqrt s = 13 TeV were analyzed, and different nondiffractive and diffractive contributions were clarified through differential cross sections of forward neutral particles. Diffraction selection criteria in the VF-triggered-event samples were determined by using the central track information. The corresponding selection applicable in real experiments has \approx100% purity and 30%-70% efficiency. Consequently, the central information enables classification of the forward productions into diffraction and nondiffraction categories; in particular, most of the surviving events from the selection belong to low-mass diffraction events at log10(ξx)<5.5\log_{10}(\xi_{x}) < -5.5. Therefore, the combined method can uniquely access the low-mass diffraction regime experimentally.Comment: 10 pages, 16 figures, 1table

    Which long-baseline neutrino experiments are preferable?

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    We discuss the physics of superbeam upgrades, where we focus on T2KK, a NuMI beam line based experiment NOvA*, and a wide band beam (WBB) experiment independent of the NuMI beam line. For T2KK, we find that the Japan-Korea baseline helps resolve parameter degeneracies, but the improvement due to correlated systematics between the two detectors (using identical detectors) is only moderate. For an upgrade of NOvA with a liquid argon detector, we demonstrate that the Ash River site is preferred compared to alternatives, such as at the second oscillation maximum, and is the optimal site within the U.S. For a WBB experiment, we find that high proton energies and long decay tunnels are preferable. We compare water Cherenkov and liquid argon technologies, and find the break-even point in detector cost at about 4:1. In order to compare the physics potential of the different experimental configurations, we use the concept of exposure to normalize the performance. We find that experiments with WBBs are the best experimental concept. NOvA* could be competitive with sufficient luminosity. If sin22θ13\sin^2 2\theta_{13} > 0.01, a WBB experiment can perform better than a neutrino factory.Comment: 31 pages, 13 figures, 5 tables. Version to appear in PR

    Status of FNAL SciBooNE experiment

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    SciBooNE is a new experiment at FNAL which will make precision neutrino-nucleus cross section measurements in the one GeV region. These measurements are essential for the future neutrino oscillation experiments. We started data taking in the antineutrino mode on June 8, 2007, and collected 5.19 \times 10^{19} protons on target (POT) before the accelerator shutdown in August. The first data from SciBooNE are reported in this article.Comment: 3 pages, 3 figures. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Topics in Astroparticle and Underground Physics (TAUP) 2007, Sendai, Japan, September 11-15, 200

    Resolving the Octant theta(23) Degeneracy by Neutrino Oscillation Experiments

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    We discuss how and to what extent the degeneracy associated with theta(23), if it's not maximal, can be resolved by future oscillation experiments which utilize conventional neutrino beam from accelerator and/or reactor neutrinos.Comment: 3 pages, 4 figures, talk given at NOW2006, Otrant, Lecce, Italy, September 9-16, 200

    Preface

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