1,336 research outputs found

    Meson-like Baryons and the Spin-Orbit Puzzle

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    I describe a special class of meson-like \Lambda_Q excited states and present evidence supporting the similarity of their spin-independent spectra to those of mesons. I then examine spin-dependent forces in these baryons, showing that predicted effects of spin-orbit forces are small for them for the same reason they are small for the analogous mesons: a fortuitous cancellation between large spin-orbit forces due to one-gluon-exchange and equally large inverted spin-orbit forces due to Thomas precession in the confining potential. In addition to eliminating the baryon spin-orbit puzzle in these states, this solution provides a new perspective on spin-orbit forces in all baryons.Comment: 24 pages, 4 figure

    Flux Tube Zero-Point Motion, Hadronic Charge Radii, and Hybrid Meson Production Cross Sections

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    Flux tube zero-point motion produces quark displacements transverse to the flux tube which make significant contributions to hadronic charge radii. In heavy quark systems, these contributions can be related by Bjorken's sum rule to the rates for semileptonic decay to hybrid mesons. This connection can be generalized to other leptoproduction processes, where transverse contributions to elastic form factor slopes are related to the cross sections for the production of the associated hybrid states. I identify the flux tube overlap integral responsible for these effects as the strong QCD analogue of the Sudakov form factor of perturbative QCD.Comment: 16 pages, revised to clarify some points and to improve and correct the notation for the flux tube wave function

    Rare BB-Decays and Heavy to Light Semileptonic Transitions in the Isgur and Wise Limit

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    From the experimental branching ratios for B>ρ0lνˉlB^- --> \rho^0 l^-\bar\nu_l and D^+ --> {\overl K}^{*0}({\overl K}^0) e^+ \nu_e one finds, in the Heavy Quark Limit of HQETHQET, Vbu=(8.1±1.7)x103 |V_{bu}|=(8.1\pm 1.7) x 10^{-3}, larger but consistent with the actual quoted range (27)x103(2 - 7) x 10^{-3}. In the same framework one predicts for R(B>Kγ)=(2±2)102R(B --> K^*\gamma)=( 2 \pm 2 ) 10^{-2}.Comment: 9 pages, 1 Figure avalaible on request from [email protected]

    Comment on "Valence QCD: Connecting QCD to the Quark Model"

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    I criticize certain conclusions about the physics of hadrons drawn from a "valence QCD" approximation to QCD.Comment: 12 pages, 8 figures; some minor improvements made to the tex

    Exotic baryons from a heavy meson and a nucleon

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    We evaluate a hadronic molecule formed by a heavy meson and a nucleon respecting heavy quark symmetry. The tensor force of pion exchange potential plays a dominate role to produce an strong attraction in this system. Solving coupled channel Schr\"odinger equations for PN and P* N, we find many bound and resonant states with isospin I=0 while there are few resonances in I=1 state. The rich structures with I=0 indicate that the spectrum of heavy baryons near the threshold is influenced by the contributions from such hadron composite structures.Comment: To appear in the proceedings of The 5th International Workshop on Charm Physics (Charm 2012

    Remark on Charm Quark Fragmentation to DD^{**} Mesons

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    The observed DD^{**} mesons have cqˉc\bar q flavor quantum numbers and spin-parity of the light degrees of freedom sπ=3/2+s_\ell^{\pi_{\ell}} = 3/2^+. In the mcm_c \rightarrow \infty limit the spin of the charm quark is conserved and the cDc \rightarrow D^{**} fragmentation process is characterized by the probability for the charm quark to fragment to a DD^{**} meson with a given helicity for the light degrees of freedom. We consider the calculated bBcb \rightarrow B_c^{**} fragmentation functions in the limit mc/mb0m_c/m_b \rightarrow 0 as a qualitative model for the cDc \rightarrow D^{**} fragmentation functions. We find that in this model charm quark fragmentation to sπ=3/2+s_\ell^{\pi_{\ell}} = 3/2^+ light degrees of freedom with helicities ±1/2\pm 1/2 is favored over fragmentation to sπ=3/2+s_\ell^{\pi_{\ell}} = 3/2^+ light degrees of freedom with helicities ±3/2\pm 3/2.Comment: 6 pages, CALT-68-192

    Test of OPE and OGE through mixing angles of negative parity N* resonances in electromagnetic transitions

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    In this report, by using the mixing angles of one-gluon-exchange model(OGE) and one-pion-exchange model(OPE), and by using the electromagnetic Hamiltonian of Close and Li, we calculate the amplitudes of L=1 N* resonances for photoproduction and electroproduction. The results are compared to experimental data. It's found that the data support OGE, not OPE.Comment: 5 pages, Latex, 1 figure, accepted by Phys.Rev.

    A Bjorken sum rule for semileptonic Ωb\Omega_b decays to ground and excited charmed baryon states

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    We derive a Bjorken sum rule for semileptonic Ωb\Omega_b decays to ground and low-lying negative-parity excited charmed baryon states, in the heavy quark limit. We discuss the restriction from this sum rule on form factors and compare it with some models.Comment: 10 pages, RevTex, no figure, Alberta Thy--26--9

    On the nature of the X(3872)

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    We present recent studies of charmonium multiquark states. We use different interacting models and numerical methods to study deeply bound four-quark states and meson-meson molecules. No deeply bound four-quark states are found in our analysis. A nice description of the X(3872) is obtained as a DDˉJ/ΨωD\bar{D}^*-J/\Psi\omega coupled channel state.Comment: 3 pages. Talk presented at the Conference MESON 2010, 10-15 june 2010, Krakow, Poland. To be published in International Journal of Modern Physics

    Form factors of heavy-light systems in point-form relativistic quantum mechanics: the Isgur-Wise function

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    We investigate electromagnetic and weak form factors of heavy-light mesons in the context of point-form relativistic quantum mechanics. To this aim we treat the physical processes from which such electroweak form factors are extracted by means of a coupled channel approach which accounts for the dynamics of the intermediate gauge bosons. It is shown that heavy-quark symmetry is respected by this formulation. A simple analytical expression is obtained for the Isgur-Wise function in the heavy-quark limit. Breaking of heavy-quark symmetry due to realistic values of the heavy-quark mass are studied numerically.Comment: Presented at the 21st European Conference on Few-Body Problems in Physics, Salamanca, Spain, 30 August - 3 September 201
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