81 research outputs found

    Comment on ``Nonlinear band structure in Bose-Einstein condensates: Nonlinear Sch\"odinger equation with a Kronig Penney potential"

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    In their recent paper [Phys. Rev. A 71, 033622], B. T. Seaman et al. studied Bloch states of the condensate wave function in a Kronig-Penney potential and calculated the band structure. They argued that the effective mass is always positive when a swallow-tail energy loop is present in the band structure. In this comment, we reexamine their argument by actually calculating the effective mass. It is found that there exists a region where the effective mass is negative even when a swallow-tail is present. Based on this fact, we discuss the interpretation of swallow-tails in terms of superfluidity.Comment: 3 pages, 3 figure


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    制度:新 ; 文部省報告番号:甲2406号 ; 学位の種類:博士(理学) ; 授与年月日:2007/3/15 ; 早大学位記番号:新449

    Response of the Higgs amplitude mode of superfluid Bose gases in a three dimensional optical lattice

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    We study the Higgs mode of superfluid Bose gases in a three dimensional optical lattice, which emerges near the quantum phase transition to the Mott insulator at commensurate fillings. Specifically, we consider responses of the Higgs mode to temporal modulations of the onsite interaction and the hopping energy. In order to calculate the response functions including the effects of quantum and thermal fluctuations, we map the Bose-Hubbard model onto an effective pseudospin-one model and use a perturbative expansion based on the imaginary-time Green's function theory. We also include the effects of an inhomogeneous trapping potential by means of a local density approximation. We find that the response function for the hopping modulation is equal to that for the interaction modulation within our approximation. At the unit filling rate and in the absence of a trapping potential, we show that the Higgs mode can exist as a sharp resonance peak in the dynamical susceptibilities at typical temperatures. However, the resonance peak is significantly broadened due to the trapping potential when the modulations are applied globally to the entire system. We suggest that the Higgs mode can be detected as a sharp resonance peak by partial modulations around the trap center.Comment: 22 pages, 9 figure