54 research outputs found

    Destruction of Anderson localization in quantum nonlinear Schr\"odinger lattices

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    The four-wave interaction in quantum nonlinear Schr\"odinger lattices with disorder is shown to destroy the Anderson localization of waves, giving rise to unlimited spreading of the nonlinear field to large distances. Moreover, the process is not thresholded in the quantum domain, contrary to its "classical" counterpart, and leads to an accelerated spreading of the subdiffusive type, with the dispersion (Δn)2t1/2\langle(\Delta n)^2\rangle \sim t^{1/2} for t+t\rightarrow+\infty. The results, presented here, shed new light on the origin of subdiffusion in systems with a broad distribution of relaxation times.Comment: 4 pages, no figure

    A topological approximation of the nonlinear Anderson model

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    We study the phenomena of Anderson localization in the presence of nonlinear interaction on a lattice. A class of nonlinear Schrodinger models with arbitrary power nonlinearity is analyzed. We conceive the various regimes of behavior, depending on the topology of resonance-overlap in phase space, ranging from a fully developed chaos involving Levy flights to pseudochaotic dynamics at the onset of delocalization. It is demonstrated that quadratic nonlinearity plays a dynamically very distinguished role in that it is the only type of power nonlinearity permitting an abrupt localization-delocalization transition with unlimited spreading already at the delocalization border. We describe this localization-delocalization transition as a percolation transition on a Cayley tree. It is found in vicinity of the criticality that the spreading of the wave field is subdiffusive in the limit t\rightarrow+\infty. The second moment grows with time as a powerlaw t^\alpha, with \alpha = 1/3. Also we find for superquadratic nonlinearity that the analog pseudochaotic regime at the edge of chaos is self-controlling in that it has feedback on the topology of the structure on which the transport processes concentrate. Then the system automatically (without tuning of parameters) develops its percolation point. We classify this type of behavior in terms of self-organized criticality dynamics in Hilbert space. For subquadratic nonlinearities, the behavior is shown to be sensitive to details of definition of the nonlinear term. A transport model is proposed based on modified nonlinearity, using the idea of stripes propagating the wave process to large distances. Theoretical investigations, presented here, are the basis for consistency analysis of the different localization-delocalization patterns in systems with many coupled degrees of freedom in association with the asymptotic properties of the transport.Comment: 20 pages, 2 figures; improved text with revisions; accepted for publication in Physical Review

    Probabilistic approach to a proliferation and migration dichotomy in the tumor cell invasion

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    The proliferation and migration dichotomy of the tumor cell invasion is examined within a two-component continuous time random walk (CTRW) model. The balance equations for the cancer cells of two phenotypes with random switching between cell proliferation and migration are derived. The transport of tumor cells is formulated in terms of the CTRW with an arbitrary waiting time distribution law, while proliferation is modelled by a logistic growth. The overall rate of tumor cell invasion for normal diffusion and subdiffusion is determined.Comment: Accepted for publication as a Regular Article in Physical Review

    Finite-velocity diffusion on a comb

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    A Cattaneo equation for a comb structure is considered. We present a rigorous analysis of the obtained fractional diffusion equation, and corresponding solutions for the probability distribution function are obtained in the form of the Fox HH-function and its infinite series. The mean square displacement along the backbone is obtained as well in terms of the infinite series of the Fox HH-function. The obtained solutions describe the transition from normal diffusion to subdiffusion, which results from the comb geometry.Comment: 7 page

    Heterogeneous diffusion in comb and fractal grid structures

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    We give an exact analytical results for diffusion with a power-law position dependent diffusion coefficient along the main channel (backbone) on a comb and grid comb structures. For the mean square displacement along the backbone of the comb we obtain behavior x2(t)t1/(2α)\langle x^2(t)\rangle\sim t^{1/(2-\alpha)}, where α\alpha is the power-law exponent of the position dependent diffusion coefficient D(x)xαD(x)\sim |x|^{\alpha}. Depending on the value of α\alpha we observe different regimes, from anomalous subdiffusion, superdiffusion, and hyperdiffusion. For the case of the fractal grid we observe the mean square displacement, which depends on the fractal dimension of the structure of the backbones, i.e., x2(t)t(1+ν)/(2α)\langle x^2(t)\rangle\sim t^{(1+\nu)/(2-\alpha)}, where 0<ν<10<\nu<1 is the fractal dimension of the backbones structure. The reduced probability distribution functions for both cases are obtained by help of the Fox HH-functions