4,725 research outputs found

    Elementary Excitations in Quantum Antiferromagnetic Chains: Dyons, Spinons and Breathers

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    Considering experimental results obtained on three prototype compounds, TMMC, CsCoCl3 (or CsCoBr3) and Cu Benzoate, we discuss the importance of non-linear excitations in the physics of quantum (and classical) antiferromagnetic spin chains.Comment: Invited at the International Symposium on Cooperative Phenomena of Assembled Metal Complexes, November 15-17, 2001, Osaka, Japa

    Modeling Intra-Cluster Gas in Triaxial Dark Halos : An Analytical Approach

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    We present the first physical model for the non-spherical intra-cluster gas distribution in hydrostatic equilibrium under the gravity of triaxial dark matter halos. Adopting the concentric triaxial density profiles of the dark halos with constant axis ratios proposed by Jing & Suto (2002), we derive an analytical expression for the triaxial halo potential on the basis of the perturbation theory, and find the hydrostatic solutions for the gas density and temperature profiles both in isothermal and polytropic equations of state. The resulting iso-potential surfaces are well approximated by triaxial ellipsoids with the eccentricities dependent on the radial distance. We also find a formula for the eccentricity ratio between the intra-cluster gas and the underlying dark halo. Our results allow one to determine the shapes of the underlying dark halos from the observed intra-cluster gas through the X-ray and/or the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effects clusters.Comment: accepted by ApJ, LaTex file, 22 pages, 8 postscript figure

    A Prediction of Observable Rotation in the ICM of Abell 3266

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    We present a numerical Hydro+N-body model of A3266 whose X-ray surface brightness, temperature distribution, and galaxy spatial and velocity distribution data are consistent with the A3266 data. The model is an old (~3 Gyr), off-axis merger having a mass ratio of ~2.5:1. The less massive subcluster in the model is moving on a trajectory from southwest to northeast passing on the western side of the dominant cluster while moving into the plane of the sky at ~45 degrees. Off-axis mergers such as this one are an effective mechanism for transferring angular momentum to the intracluster medium (ICM), making possible a large scale rotation of the ICM. We demonstrate here that the ICM rotation predicted by our fully 3-dimensional model of A3266 is observable with current technology. As an example, we present simulated observations assuming the capabilities of the high resolution X-ray spectrometer (XRS) which was to have flown on Astro-E.Comment: 9 pages, 7 postscript figures, Fig. 3 and 6 are color postscript, Accepted for publication in the Astrophysical Journa

    Quantum Melting of Charge Order due to Frustration in Two-Dimensional Quarter-Filled Systems

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    The effect of geometrical frustration in a two-dimensional 1/4-filled strongly correlated electron system is studied theoretically, motivated by layered organic molecular crystals. An extended Hubbard model on the square lattice is considered, with competing nearest neighbor Coulomb interaction, V, and that of next-nearest neighbor along one of the diagonals, V', which favor different charge ordered states. Based on exact diagonalization calculations, we find a metallic phase stabilized over a broad window at V' ~ V even for large Coulomb repulsion strengths as a result of frustrating the charge ordered states. Slightly modifying the lattice geometry relevant to the actual organic compounds does not alter the results, suggesting that this `quantum melting' of charge order is a robust feature of frustrated strongly correlated 1/4-filled systems.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures, to be published in Phys. Rev.

    On the Cluster Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect and Hubble Constant

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    This study shows one important effect of preexistent cosmic microwave background temperature fluctuations on the determination of the Hubble constant through Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect of clusters of galaxies, especially when coupled with the gravitational lensing effect by the same clusters. The effect results in a broad distribution of the apparent Hubble constant. The combination of this effect with other systematic effects such as the Loeb-Refregier Effect seems to provide an explanation for the observationally derived values of the Hubble constant currently available based on the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect, if the true value of the Hubble constant is 60-80 km/s/Mpc. It thus becomes possible that the values of the Hubble constant measured by other techniques which generally give a value around 60-80 km/s/Mpc be reconciled with the SZ effect determined values of the Hubble constant, where are systematically lower than others and have a broad distribution.Comment: ApJ Lett in pres
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