124 research outputs found

    Field theory of bi- and tetracritical points: Relaxational dynamics

    Full text link
    We calculate the relaxational dynamical critical behavior of systems of O(n)O(n)O(n_\|)\oplus O(n_\perp) symmetry by renormalization group method within the minimal subtraction scheme in two loop order. The three different bicritical static universality classes previously found for such systems correspond to three different dynamical universality classes within the static borderlines. The Heisenberg and the biconical fixed point lead to strong dynamic scaling whereas in the region of stability of the decoupled fixed point weak dynamic scaling holds. Due to the neighborhood of the stability border between the strong and the weak scaling dynamic fixed point corresponding to the static biconical and the decoupled fixed point a very small dynamic transient exponent, of ωvB=0.0044\omega_v^{{\cal B}}=0.0044, is present in the dynamics for the physically important case n=1n_\|=1 and n=2n_\perp=2 in d=3d=3.Comment: 8 figure

    Scaling of the Hysteresis Loop in Two-dimensional Solidification

    Get PDF
    The first order phase transitions between a two-dimensional (2d) gas and the 2d solid of the first monolayer have been studied for the noble gases Ar, Kr and Xe on a NaCl(100) surface in quasi-equilibrium with the three-dimensional gas phase. Using linear temperature ramps, we show that the widths of the hysteresis loops of these transitions as a function of the heating rate, r, scales with a power law r^alpha with alpha between 0.4 and 0.5 depending on the system. The hysteresis loops for different heating rates are similar. The island area of the condensed layer was found to grow initially with a t^4 time dependence. These results are in agreement with theory, which predicts alpha = 0.5 and hysteresis loop similarity.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figures, Revte

    Topological classification of vortex-core structures of spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensates

    Full text link
    We classify vortex-core structures according to the topology of the order parameter space. By developing a method to characterize how the order parameter changes inside the vortex core. We apply this method to the spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensates and show that the vortex-core structures are classified by winding numbers that are locally defined in the core region. We also show that a vortex-core structure with a nontrivial winding number can be stabilized under a negative quadratic Zeeman effect.Comment: 16 pages, 6 figure

    A proposal to detect vortices above the superconducting transition temperature

    Full text link
    We propose a simple experiment to determine whether vortices persist above the superconducting transition temperature Tc in the pseudogap phase of high temperature cuprate superconductors. This involves using a magnetic dot to stabilize a vortex in a thin cuprate film beneath the dot. We calculate the magnetic field profile as a function of distance from the dot if a vortex is present, and discuss possible measurements that could be done to detect this. Finally, we comment on the temperature range where a stable vortex should be observable.Comment: 3 pages, 2 figure

    Effects of Strain coupling and Marginal dimensionality in the nature of phase transition in Quantum paraelectrics

    Full text link
    Here a recently observed weak first order transition in doped SrTiO3 is argued to be a consequence of the coupling between strain and order parameter fluctuations. Starting with a semi-microscopic action, and using renormalization group equations for vertices, we write the free energy of such a system. This fluctuation renormalized free energy is then used to discuss the possibility of first order transition at zero temperature as well as at finite temperature. An asymptotic analysis predicts small but a finite discontinuity in the order parameter near a mean field quantum critical point at zero temperature. In case of finite temperature transition, near quantum critical point such a possibility is found to be extremely weak. Results are in accord with some experimental findings on quantum paraelectrics such as SrTiO3 and KTaO3.Comment: Revised versio

    Mesoscopic field and current compensator based on a hybrid superconductor-ferromagnet structure

    Full text link
    A rather general enhancement of superconductivity is demonstrated in a hybrid structure consisting of submicron superconducting (SC) sample combined with an in-plane ferromagnet (FM). The superconducting state resists much higher applied magnetic fields for both perpendicular polarities, as applied field is screened by the FM. In addition, FM induces (in the perpendicular direction to its moment) two opposite current-flows in the SC plane, under and aside the magnet, respectively. Due to the compensation effects, superconductivity persists up to higher applied currents. With increasing current, the sample undergoes SC-"resistive"-normal state transitions through a mixture of vortex-antivortex and phase-slip phenomena.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figures, to appear in Phys. Rev. Let

    Theory of Josephson effect in chiral p-wave superconductor / diffusive normal metal / chiral p-wave superconductor junctions

    Get PDF
    We study the Josephson effect between chiral p-wave superconductor / diffusive normal metal (DN) / chiral p-wave superconductor (CP/DN/CP) junctions using quasiclassical Green's function formalism with proper boundary conditions. The px+ipy-wave symmetry of superconducting order parameter is chosen which is believed to be a pairing state in Sr2RuO4. It is shown that the Cooper pairs induced in DN have an odd-frequency spin-triplet s-wave symmetry, where pair amplitude is an odd function of Matsubara frequency. Despite the peculiar symmetry properties of the Cooper pairs, the behavior of the Josephson current is rather conventional. We have found that the current phase relation is almost sinusoidal and the Josephson current is proportional to exp(-L/xi), where xi is the coherence length of the Cooper pair in DN and L is the length of DN. The Josephson current between CP / diffusive ferromagnet metal (DF) / CP junctions is also calculated. It is shown that the 0-pi transition can be realized by varying temperature or junction length L similar to the case of conventional s-wave junctions. These results may serve as a guide to study superconducting state of Sr2RuO4.Comment: 9 pages, 9 figure

    Vortex Plasma in a Superconducting Film with Magnetic Dots

    Get PDF
    We consider a superconducting film, placed upon a magnetic dot array. Magnetic moments of the dots are normal to the film and randomly oriented. We determine how the concentration of the vortices in the film depends on the magnetic moment of a dot at low temperatures. The concentration of the vortices, bound to the dots, is proportional to the density of the dots and depends on the magnetization of a dot in a step-like way. The concentration of the unbound vortices oscillates about a value, proportional to the magnetic moment of the dots. The period of the oscillations is equal to the width of a step in the concentration of the bound vortices.Comment: RevTeX, 4 page

    Crossed Andreev reflection-induced magnetoresistance

    Full text link
    We show that very large negative magnetoresistance can be obtained in magnetic trilayers in a current-in-plane geometry owing to the existence of crossed Andreev reflection. This spin-valve consists of a thin superconducting film sandwiched between two ferromagnetic layers whose magnetization is allowed to be either parallelly or antiparallelly aligned. For a suitable choice of structure parameters and nearly fully spin-polarized ferromagnets the magnetoresistance can exceed -80%. Our results are relevant for the design and implementation of spintronic devices exploiting ferromagnet-superconductor structures.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures, final published versio
    corecore