619 research outputs found

    Five-dimensional Superfield Supergravity

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    We present a projective superspace formulation for matter-coupled simple supergravity in five dimensions. Our starting point is the superspace realization for the minimal supergravity multiplet proposed by Howe in 1981. We introduce various off-shell supermultiplets (i.e. hypermultiplets, tensor and vector multiplets) that describe matter fields coupled to supergravity. A projective-invariant action principle is given, and specific dynamical systems are constructed including supersymmetric nonlinear sigma-models. We believe that this approach can be extended to other supergravity theories with eight supercharges in D≤6D\leq 6 space-time dimensions, including the important case of 4D N=2 supergravity.Comment: 18 pages, LaTeX; v2: comments added; v3: minor changes, references added; v4: comments, reference added, version to appear in PL

    Langevin equations for reaction-diffusion processes

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    For reaction-diffusion processes with at most bimolecular reactants, we derive well-behaved, numerically tractable, exact Langevin equations that govern a stochastic variable related to the response field in field theory. Using duality relations, we show how the particle number and other quantities of interest can be computed. Our work clarifies long-standing conceptual issues encountered in field-theoretical approaches and paves the way for systematic numerical and theoretical analyses of reaction-diffusion problems.Comment: 5 pages + 6 pages supplemental materia

    Large-Deviation Functions for Nonlinear Functionals of a Gaussian Stationary Markov Process

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    We introduce a general method, based on a mapping onto quantum mechanics, for investigating the large-T limit of the distribution P(r,T) of the nonlinear functional r[V] = (1/T)\int_0^T dT' V[X(T')], where V(X) is an arbitrary function of the stationary Gaussian Markov process X(T). For T tending to infinity at fixed r we find that P(r,T) behaves as exp[-theta(r) T], where theta(r) is a large deviation function. We present explicit results for a number of special cases, including the case V(X) = X \theta(X) which is related to the cooling and the heating degree days relevant to weather derivatives.Comment: 8 page

    Arrested phase separation in reproducing bacteria: a generic route to pattern formation?

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    We present a generic mechanism by which reproducing microorganisms, with a diffusivity that depends on the local population density, can form stable patterns. It is known that a decrease of swimming speed with density can promote separation into bulk phases of two coexisting densities; this is opposed by the logistic law for birth and death which allows only a single uniform density to be stable. The result of this contest is an arrested nonequilibrium phase separation in which dense droplets or rings become separated by less dense regions, with a characteristic steady-state length scale. Cell division mainly occurs in the dilute regions and cell death in the dense ones, with a continuous flux between these sustained by the diffusivity gradient. We formulate a mathematical model of this in a case involving run-and-tumble bacteria, and make connections with a wider class of mechanisms for density-dependent motility. No chemotaxis is assumed in the model, yet it predicts the formation of patterns strikingly similar to those believed to result from chemotactic behavior

    Persistence distributions for non gaussian markovian processes

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    We propose a systematic method to derive the asymptotic behaviour of the persistence distribution, for a large class of stochastic processes described by a general Fokker-Planck equation in one dimension. Theoretical predictions are compared to simple solvable systems and to numerical calculations. The very good agreement attests the validity of this approach.Comment: 7 pages, 1 figure, to be published in Europhysics Letter

    Sign-time distribution for a random walker with a drifting boundary

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    We present a derivation of the exact sign-time distribution for a random walker in the presence of a boundary moving with constant velocity.Comment: 5 page

    Search for neutrinos from transient sources with the ANTARES telescope and optical follow-up observations

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    The ANTARES telescope has the opportunity to detect transient neutrino sources, such as gamma-ray bursts, core-collapse supernovae, flares of active nuclei... To enhance the sensitivity to these sources, we have developed a new detection method based on the optical follow-up of "golden" neutrino events such as neutrino doublets coincident in time and space or single neutrinos of very high energy. The ANTARES Collaboration has therefore implemented a very fast on-line reconstruction with a good angular resolution. These characteristics allow to trigger an optical telescope network; since February 2009. ANTARES is sending alert trigger one or two times per month to the two 25 cm robotic telescope of TAROT. This follow-up of such special events would not only give access to the nature of the sources but also improves the sensitivity for transient neutrino sources.Comment: 3 pages, 3 figures, Proceedings of the 31st ICRC, Lodz, Polan, July 200

    Equivalence of operator-splitting schemes for the integration of the Langevin equation

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    We investigate the equivalence of different operator-splitting schemes for the integration of the Langevin equation. We consider a specific problem, so called the directed percolation process, which can be extended to a wider class of problems. We first give a compact mathematical description of the operator-splitting method and introduce two typical splitting schemes that will be useful in numerical studies. We show that the two schemes are essentially equivalent through the map that turns out to be an automorphism. An associated equivalent class of operator-splitting integrations is also defined by generalizing the specified equivalence.Comment: 4 page
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