4,167 research outputs found

    Long-Range Correlations in Self-Gravitating N-Body Systems

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    Observed self-gravitating systems reveal often fragmented non-equilibrium structures that feature characteristic long-range correlations. However, models accounting for non-linear structure growth are not always consistent with observations and a better understanding of self-gravitating NN-body systems appears necessary. Because unstable gravitating systems are sensitive to non-gravitational perturbations we study the effect of different dissipative factors as well as different small and large scale boundary conditions on idealized NN-body systems. We find, in the interval of negative specific heat, equilibrium properties differing from theoretical predictions made for gravo-thermal systems, substantiating the importance of microscopic physics and the lack of consistent theoretical tools to describe self-gravitating gas. Also, in the interval of negative specific heat, yet outside of equilibrium, unforced systems fragment and establish transient long-range correlations. The strength of these correlations depends on the degree of granularity, suggesting to make the resolution of mass and force coherent. Finally, persistent correlations appear in model systems subject to an energy flow.Comment: 20 pages, 21 figures. Accepted for publication in A&

    Dynamics in a Bistable-Element-Network with Delayed Coupling and Local Noise

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    The dynamics of an ensemble of bistable elements under the influence of noise and with global time-delayed coupling is studied numerically by using a Langevin description and analytically by using 1) a Gaussian approximation and 2) a dichotomous model. We find that for a strong enough positive feedback the system undergoes a phase transition and adopts a non-zero stationary mean field. A variety of coexisting oscillatory mean field states are found for positive and negative couplings. The magnitude of the oscillatory states is maximal for a certain noise temperature, i.e., the system demonstrates the phenomenon of coherence resonance. While away form the transition points the system dynamics is well described by the Gaussian approximation, near the bifurcations it is more adequately described by the dichotomous model.Comment: 2 pages, 2 figures. To be published in the proceedings of "The 3rd International Symposium on Slow Dynamics in Complex Systems", eds. M. Tokuyama, I. Oppenheim, AIP Conf. serie
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