13,425 research outputs found

    Analytic properties of force-free jets in the Kerr spacetime -- III: uniform field solution

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    The structure of steady axisymmetric force-free magnetosphere of a Kerr black hole (BH) is governed by a second-order partial differential equation of AϕA_\phi depending on two "free" functions Ω(Aϕ)\Omega(A_\phi) and I(Aϕ)I(A_\phi), where AϕA_\phi is the ϕ\phi component of the vector potential of the electromagnetic field, Ω\Omega is the angular velocity of the magnetic field lines and II is the poloidal electric current. In this paper, we investigate the solution uniqueness. Taking asymptotically uniform field as an example, analytic studies imply that there are infinitely many solutions approaching uniform field at infinity, while only a unique one is found in general relativistic magnetohydrodynamic simulations. To settle down the disagreement, we reinvestigate the structure of the governing equation and numerically solve it with given constraint condition and boundary condition. We find that the constraint condition (field lines smoothly crossing the light surface (LS)) and boundary conditions at horizon and at infinity are connected via radiation conditions at horizon and at infinity, rather than being independent. With appropriate constraint condition and boundary condition, we numerically solve the governing equation and find a unique solution. Contrary to naive expectation, our numerical solution yields a discontinuity in the angular velocity of the field lines and a current sheet along the last field line crossing the event horizon. We also briefly discuss the applicability of the perturbation approach to solving the governing equation

    Scars in Dirac fermion systems: the influence of an Aharonov--Bohm flux

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    Time-reversal (T\mathcal{T}-) symmetry is fundamental to many physical processes. Typically, T\mathcal{T}-breaking for microscopic processes requires the presence of magnetic field. However, for 2D massless Dirac billiards, T\mathcal{T}-symmetry is broken automatically by the mass confinement, leading to chiral quantum scars. In this paper, we investigate the mechanism of T\mathcal{T}-breaking by analyzing the local current of the scarring eigenstates and their magnetic response to an Aharonov--Bohm flux. Our results unveil the complete understanding of the subtle T\mathcal{T}-breaking phenomena from both the semiclassical formula of chiral scars and the microscopic current and spin reflection at the boundaries, leading to a controlling scheme to change the chirality of the relativistic quantum scars. Our findings not only have significant implications on the transport behavior and spin textures of the relativistic pseudoparticles, but also add basic knowledge to relativistic quantum chaos.Comment: 37 pages, 11 figure