75,969 research outputs found

    Spatiotemporal Patterns and Predictability of Cyberattacks

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    Y.C.L. was supported by Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) under grant no. FA9550-10-1-0083 and Army Research Office (ARO) under grant no. W911NF-14-1-0504. S.X. was supported by Army Research Office (ARO) under grant no. W911NF-13-1-0141. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.Peer reviewedPublisher PD

    Electronic structure and superconductivity of BiS2-based compounds LaO1-xFxBiS2

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    Using the density-functional perturbation theory with structural optimization, we investigate the electronic structure, phonon spectra, and superconductivity of BiS2-based layered compounds LaO1-xFxBiS2. For LaO0.5F0.5BiS2, the calculated electron-phonon coupling constant is equal to lambda = 0.8, and obtained Tc = 9.1 K is very close to its experimental value, indicating that it is a conventional electron-phonon superconductor

    A Generic Dynamical Model of Gamma-ray Burst Remnants

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    The conventional generic model is deemed to explain the dynamics of γ\gamma-ray burst remnants very well, no matter whether they are adiabatic or highly radiative. However, we find that for adiabatic expansion, the model could not reproduce the Sedov solution in the non-relativistic phase, thus the model needs to be revised. In the present paper, a new differential equation is derived. The generic model based on this equation has been shown to be correct for both radiative and adiabatic fireballs, and in both ultra-relativistic and non-relativistic phase.Comment: 10 pages, LaTeX, 4 postscript figures, accepted for publication in MNRA

    Open-closed field algebras

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    We introduce the notions of open-closed field algebra and open-closed field algebra over a vertex operator algebra V. In the case that V satisfies certain finiteness and reductivity conditions, we show that an open-closed field algebra over V canonically gives an algebra over a \C-extension of the Swiss-cheese partial operad. We also give a tensor categorical formulation and categorical constructions of open-closed field algebras over V.Comment: 55 pages, largely revised, an old subsection is deleted, a few references are adde