766 research outputs found

    Scale Selective Extended Local Binary Pattern for Texture Classification

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    In this paper, we propose a new texture descriptor, scale selective extended local binary pattern (SSELBP), to characterize texture images with scale variations. We first utilize multi-scale extended local binary patterns (ELBP) with rotation-invariant and uniform mappings to capture robust local micro- and macro-features. Then, we build a scale space using Gaussian filters and calculate the histogram of multi-scale ELBPs for the image at each scale. Finally, we select the maximum values from the corresponding bins of multi-scale ELBP histograms at different scales as scale-invariant features. A comprehensive evaluation on public texture databases (KTH-TIPS and UMD) shows that the proposed SSELBP has high accuracy comparable to state-of-the-art texture descriptors on gray-scale-, rotation-, and scale-invariant texture classification but uses only one-third of the feature dimension.Comment: IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), 201

    Anyon exclusions statistics on surfaces with gapped boundaries

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    An anyon exclusion statistics, which generalizes the Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics of bosons and fermions, was proposed by Haldane[1]. The relevant past studies had considered only anyon systems without any physical boundary but boundaries often appear in real-life materials. When fusion of anyons is involved, certain `pseudo-species' anyons appear in the exotic statistical weights of non-Abelian anyon systems; however, the meaning and significance of pseudo-species remains an open problem. In this paper, we propose an extended anyon exclusion statistics on surfaces with gapped boundaries, introducing mutual exclusion statistics between anyons as well as the boundary components. Motivated by Refs. [2, 3], we present a formula for the statistical weight of many-anyon states obeying the proposed statistics. We develop a systematic basis construction for non-Abelian anyons on any Riemann surfaces with gapped boundaries. From the basis construction, we have a standard way to read off a canonical set of statistics parameters and hence write down the extended statistical weight of the anyon system being studied. The basis construction reveals the meaning of pseudo-species. A pseudo-species has different `excitation' modes, each corresponding to an anyon species. The `excitation' modes of pseudo-species corresponds to good quantum numbers of subsystems of a non-Abelian anyon system. This is important because often (e.g., in topological quantum computing) we may be concerned about only the entanglement between such subsystems.Comment: 36 pages, 14 figure