1,505 research outputs found

    Fundamental Characteristics of Open Channel Flows near An Abrupt Expansion

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    Source: ICHE Conference Archive - https://mdi-de.baw.de/icheArchiv

    Spatial water surface variations in open channel flows downstream of side disturbances

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    River hydrodynamicsInteraction with structure

    El europe├şsmo en Espa├▒a: entre el catolicismo y la social-democracia

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    The impact of freight transport capacity limitations on supply chain dynamics

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    We investigate how capacity limitations in the transportation system affect the dynamic behaviour of supply chains. We are interested in the more recently defined, 'backlash' effect. Using a system dynamics simulation approach, we replicate the well-known Beer Game supply chain for different transport capacity management scenarios. The results indicate that transport capacity limitations negatively impact on inventory and backlog costs, although there is a positive impact on the 'backlash' effect. We show that it is possible for both backlog and inventory to simultaneous occur, a situation which does not arise with the uncapacitated scenario. A vertical collaborative approach to transport provision is able to overcome such a trade-off. ┬ę 2013 Taylor & Francis

    Magnetic field-induced rubber-like behavior in Ni-Mn-Ga particles/polymer composite

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    Single crystalline Ni-Mn-Ga is well known as a prototype ferromagnetic shape memory alloy (FSMA) exhibiting a giant magnetic field-induced strain (MFIS), up to 12%, due to the magnetically driven twin boundary rearrangement. The large stroke and fast magnetomechanical response make it important for actuators and sensors. Polycrystalline Ni-Mn-Ga is inexpensive and technologically easy accessible, but constrains from the grain boundaries inhibit the twin boundary motion, whereby a very low MFIS is observed. Here, we have shown for the first time that a polycrystalline Ni-Mn-Ga can be split into the magnetostrain-active single grains which, being specially assembled in a silicone polymer matrix, caused large and fully reversible MFIS of the resulting composite. We termed the unique reversibility of a large MFIS of the composite as the magnetic field-induced rubber-like behavior. The magnetostrain of individual particles was explored by the X-ray mu CT 3D imaging. The results suggest novel solutions for development of the low cost magnetic actuators and sensors for haptic applicationThis work was supported by Grant-in-Aid of Scientific Research (Kiban S 26220907) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, as well as by Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MAT2014-56116-C4-3-4R). We are grateful to Mr. H. Tanimura for technical support and Mr. H. Kawabe for help in calculations

    Numerical simulation of river channel processes with bank erosion in steep curved channel

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    River morphodynamics and sediment transportRiver morphology and morphodynamic

    Anomalous phonon behavior in the high temperature shape memory alloy: TiPd:Cr

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    Ti50 Pd50-xCrx is a high temperature shape memory alloy with a martensitic transformation temperature strongly dependent on the Cr composition. Prior to the transformation a premartensitic phase is present with an incommensurate modulated cubic lattice with wave vector of q0=(0.22, 0.22, 0). The temperature dependence of the diffuse scattering in the cubic phase is measured as a function temperature for x=6.5, 8.5, and 10 at. %. The lattice dynamics has been studied and reveals anomalous temperature and q-dependence of the [110]-TA2 transverse phonon branch. The phonon linewidth is broad over the entire Brillouin zone and increases with decreasing temperature, contrary to the behavior expected for anharmonicity. No anomaly is observed at q0. The results are compared with first principles calculation of the phonon structure.Comment: 26 pages, 11 figure
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