7,023 research outputs found

    Focusing versus defocusing properties of truly naked black holes

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    We study the properties of the congruence of null geodesics propagating near the so-called truly naked horizons (TNH) - objects having finite Kretschmann scalar but with diverging tidal acceleration for freely falling observers. The expansion of outgoing rays near the future horizon always tends to vanish for the non-extremal case but may be non-zero for the distorted (ultra)extremal one. It tends to diverge for the ingoing ones if the the null energy condition (NEC) is satisfied in the vicinity of the horizon outside. However, it also tends to zero for NEC violating cases except the remote horizons. We also discuss the validity of test particle approximation for TNHs and find the sufficient condition for backreaction remaining small.Comment: 16 pages. To appear in IJMP

    Black holes with non-minimal derivative coupling

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    We study the gravitational field equations in the presence of a coupling between the derivative of a massless scalar field and the Einstein tensor. This configuration is motivated by Galileon gravity as it preserves shift invariance in the scalar sector. We analytically obtain solutions with static and spherically symmetric geometry, which also include black holes with a single regular horizon. We examine the thermodynamical properties of these solutions, and we reveal the non-perturbative nature of the Galileon coupling constant. We also find a phase transition, similar to the one described by Hawking and Page, which occurs at a critical temperature determined by both the black hole mass and by the strength of the coupling.Comment: Matches the published versio

    Black Holes with Multiple Charges and the Correspondence Principle

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    We consider the entropy of near extremal black holes with multiple charges in the context of the recently proposed correspondence principle of Horowitz and Polchinski, including black holes with two, three and four Ramond-Ramond charges. We find that at the matching point the black hole entropy can be accounted for by massless open strings ending on the D-branes for all cases except a black hole with four Ramond-Ramond charges, in which case a possible resolution in terms of brane-antibrane excitations is considered.Comment: 26 pages, harvmac, minor correction

    Comments on Black Holes in String Theory

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    A very brief review is given of some of the developments leading to our current understanding of black holes in string theory. This is followed by a discussion of two possible misconceptions in this subject - one involving the stability of small black holes and the other involving scale radius duality. Finally, I describe some recent results concerning quasinormal modes of black holes in anti de Sitter spacetime, and their implications for strongly coupled conformal field theories (in various dimensions).Comment: 13 pages. Talk given at Strings '99, Potsdam, German

    Cosmological string models from Milne spaces and SL(2,Z) orbifold

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    The n+1n+1-dimensional Milne Universe with extra free directions is used to construct simple FRW cosmological string models in four dimensions, describing expansion in the presence of matter with p=kρp=k \rho , k=(4−n)/3nk=(4-n)/3n. We then consider the n=2 case and make SL(2,Z) orbifold identifications. The model is surprisingly related to the null orbifold with an extra reflection generator. The study of the string spectrum involves the theory of harmonic functions in the fundamental domain of SL(2,Z). In particular, from this theory one can deduce a bound for the energy gap and the fact that there are an infinite number of excitations with a finite degeneracy. We discuss the structure of wave functions and give examples of physical winding states becoming light near the singularity.Comment: 14 pages, harvma

    Discrete gravity and and its continuum limit

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    Recently Gambini and Pullin proposed a new consistent discrete approach to quantum gravity and applied it to cosmological models. One remarkable result of this approach is that the cosmological singularity can be avoided in a general fashion. However, whether the continuum limit of such discretized theories exists is model dependent. In the case of massless scalar field coupled to gravity with Λ=0\Lambda=0, the continuum limit can only be achieved by fine tuning the recurrence constant. We regard this failure as the implication that cosmological constant should vary with time. For this reason we replace the massless scalar field by Chaplygin gas which may contribute an effective cosmological constant term with the evolution of the universe. It turns out that the continuum limit can be reached in this case indeed.Comment: 16 pages,revised version published in MPL

    Statistical Effects and the Black Hole/D-brane Correspondence

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    The horizon area and curvature of three-charge BPS black strings are studied in the D-brane ensemble for the stationary black string. The charge distributions along the string are used to translate the classical expressions for the horizon area and curvature of BPS black strings with waves into operators on the D-brane Hilbert space. Despite the fact that any `wavy' black string has smaller horizon area and divergent curvature, the typical values of the horizon area and effects of the horizon curvature in the D-brane ensemble deviate negligibly from those of the original stationary black string in the limit of large integer charges. Whether this holds in general will depend on certain properties of the quantum bound states.Comment: 13 pages, RevTex, small errors corrected, some interpretation changed in light of new result

    Black Strings and Classical Hair

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    We examine the geometry near the event horizon of a family of black string solutions with traveling waves. It has previously been shown that the metric is continuous there. Contrary to expectations, we find that the geometry is not smooth, and the horizon becomes singular whenever a wave is present. Both five dimensional and six dimensional black strings are considered with similar results.Comment: 14 pages, harvma

    Microstates of a Neutral Black Hole in M Theory

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    We consider vacuum solutions in M theory of the form of a five-dimensional Kaluza-Klein black hole cross T^6. In a certain limit, these include the five-dimensional neutral rotating black hole (cross T^6). From a IIA standpoint, these solutions carry D0 and D6 charges. We show that there is a weakly coupled D-brane description which precisely reproduces the Hawking-Bekenstein entropy in the extremal limit, even though supersymmetry is completely broken.Comment: 11 pages. v2: microstate counting extended to generic angular moment