1,886 research outputs found

    The Structure of the Bazhanov-Baxter Model and a New Solution of the Tetrahedron Equation

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    We clarify the structure of the Bazhanov-Baxter model of the 3-dim N-state integrable model. There are two essential points, i) the cubic symmetries, and ii) the spherical trigonometry parametrization, to understand the structure of this model. We propose two approaches to find a candidate as a solution of the tetrahedron equation, and we find a new solution.Comment: 23 pages, Late

    Quantum Markov Process on a Lattice

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    We develop a systematic description of Weyl and Fano operators on a lattice phase space. Introducing the so-called ghost variable even on an odd lattice, odd and even lattices can be treated in a symmetric way. The Wigner function is defined using these operators on the quantum phase space, which can be interpreted as a spin phase space. If we extend the space with a dichotomic variable, a positive distribution function can be defined on the new space. It is shown that there exits a quantum Markov process on the extended space which describes the time evolution of the distribution function.Comment: Lattice2003(theory

    Relation between Yang-Baxter and Pair Propagation Equations in 16-Vertex Models

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    We study a relation between two integrability conditions, namely the Yang-Baxter and the pair propagation equations, in 2D lattice models. While the two are equivalent in the 8-vertex models, discrepancies appear in the 16-vertex models. As explicit examples, we find the exactly solvable 16-vertex models which do not satisfy the Yang-Baxter equations.Comment: 11 pages, TEZU-F-059 and EWHA-TH-00

    Optimal estimation of a physical observable's expectation value for pure states

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    We study the optimal way to estimate the quantum expectation value of a physical observable when a finite number of copies of a quantum pure state are presented. The optimal estimation is determined by minimizing the squared error averaged over all pure states distributed in a unitary invariant way. We find that the optimal estimation is "biased", though the optimal measurement is given by successive projective measurements of the observable. The optimal estimate is not the sample average of observed data, but the arithmetic average of observed and "default nonobserved" data, with the latter consisting of all eigenvalues of the observable.Comment: v2: 5pages, typos corrected, journal versio