336 research outputs found

    Theory of reduced singlet pairing without the underlying state of charge stripes in the high-temperature superconductor YBa_2Cu_3O_6.45

    Full text link
    Recently, a strongly enhanced xy anisotropy of magnetic excitations was observed in YBa_2Cu_3O_y (YBCO_y) with y=6.45 and Tc=35 K [Science 319, 597 (2008)]. Unlike the observation in YBCO_6.6 and YBCO_6.85, the anisotropy grows to be pronounced at lower temperature and at lower energy, and is not suppressed by the onset of superconductivity. We propose that the effect of singlet pairing is substantially reduced in YBCO_6.45. This reduction concomitantly enhances an order competing with singlet pairing, a strong tendency of the so-called d-wave Pomeranchuk instability, leading to the magnetic excitations observed experimentally.Comment: 11 pages, 4 figures, published versio

    Quasi-particle functional Renormalisation Group calculations in the two-dimensional half-filled Hubbard model at finite temperatures

    Full text link
    We present a highly parallelisable scheme for treating functional Renormalisation Group equations which incorporates a quasi-particle-based feedback on the flow and provides direct access to real-frequency self-energy data. This allows to map out the boundaries of Fermi-liquid regimes and to study the effect of quasi-particle degradation near Fermi liquid instabilities. As a first application, selected results for the two-dimensional half-filled perfectly nested Hubbard model are shown

    Superconductivity in the attractive Hubbard model: functional renormalization group analysis

    Full text link
    We present a functional renormalization group analysis of superconductivity in the ground state of the attractive Hubbard model on a square lattice. Spontaneous symmetry breaking is treated in a purely fermionic setting via anomalous propagators and anomalous effective interactions. In addition to the anomalous interactions arising already in the reduced BCS model, effective interactions with three incoming legs and one outgoing leg (and vice versa) occur. We accomplish their integration into the usual diagrammatic formalism by introducing a Nambu matrix for the effective interactions. From a random-phase approximation generalized through use of this matrix we conclude that the impact of the 3+1 effective interactions is limited, especially considering the effective interactions important for the determination of the order parameter. The exact hierarchy of flow equations for one-particle irreducible vertex functions is truncated on the two-particle level, with higher-order self-energy corrections included in a scheme proposed by Katanin. Using a parametrization of effective interactions by patches in momentum space, the flow equations can be integrated numerically to the lowest scales without encountering divergences. Momentum-shell as well as interaction-flow cutoff functions are used, including a small external field or a large external field and a counterterm, respectively. Both approaches produce momentum-resolved order parameter values directly from the microscopic model. The size of the superconducting gap is in reasonable agreement with expectations from other studies.Comment: 22 pages, 16 figures, references added, some changes in the introductio

    Instabilities at [110] Surfaces of d_{x^2-y^2} Superconductors

    Full text link
    We compare different scenarios for the low temperature splitting of the zero-energy peak in the local density of states at (110) surfaces of d_{x^2-y^2}-wave superconductors, observed by Covington et al. (Phys.Rev.Lett.79 (1997), 277). Using a tight binding model in the Bogolyubov-de Gennes treatment we find a surface phase transition towards a time-reversal symmetry breaking surface state carrying spontaneous currents and an s+id-wave state. Alternatively, we show that electron correlation leads to a surface phase transition towards a magnetic state corresponding to a local spin density wave state.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figure

    Spontaneous Fermi surface symmetry breaking in bilayered systems

    Full text link
    We perform a comprehensive numerical study of d-wave Fermi surface deformations (dFSD) on a square lattice, the so-called d-wave Pomeranchuk instability, including bilayer coupling. Since the order parameter corresponding to the dFSD has Ising symmetry, there are two stacking patterns between the layeres, (+,+) and (+,-). This additional degree of freedom gives rise to a rich variety of phase diagrams. The phase diagrams are classified by means of the energy scale Lambda_{z}, which is defined as the bilayer splitting at the saddle points of the in-plane band dispersion. As long as Lambda_{z} ne 0, a major stacking pattern is usually (+,-), and (+,+) stacking is stabilized as a dominant pattern only when the temperature scale of the dFSD instability becomes much smaller than Lambda_z. For Lambda_{z}=0, the phase diagram depends on the precise form of the bilayer dispersion. We also analyze the effect of a magnetic field on the bilayer model in connection with a possible dFSD instability in the bilyared ruthenate Sr_3Ru_2O_7.Comment: 18 pages, 7 figure

    Effect of magnetic field on spontaneous Fermi surface symmetry breaking

    Full text link
    We study magnetic field effects on spontaneous Fermi surface symmetry breaking with d-wave symmetry, the so-called d-wave "Pomeranchuk instability''. We use a mean-field model of electrons with a pure forward scattering interaction on a square lattice. When either the majority or the minority spin band is tuned close to the van Hove filling by a magnetic field, the Fermi surface symmetry breaking occurs in both bands, but with a different magnitude of the order parameter. The transition is typically of second order at high temperature and changes to first order at low temperature; the end points of the second order line are tricritical points. This qualitative picture does not change even in the limit of a large magnetic field, although the magnetic field substantially suppresses the transition temperature at the van Hove filling. The field produces neither a quantum critical point nor a quantum critical end point in our model. In the weak coupling limit, typical quantities characterizing the phase diagram have a field-independent single energy scale while its dimensionless coefficient varies with the field. The field-induced Fermi surface symmetry breaking is a promising scenario for the bilayer ruthenate Sr3Ru2O7, and future issues are discussed to establish such a scenario.Comment: 28 pages, 9 figure

    Flow to strong coupling in the two-dimensional Hubbard model

    Full text link
    We extend the analysis of the renormalization group flow in the two-dimensional Hubbard model close to half-filling using the recently developed temperature flow formalism. We investigate the interplay of d-density wave and Fermi surface deformation tendencies with those towards d-wave pairing and antiferromagnetism. For a ratio of next nearest to nearest neighbor hoppings, t'/t=-0.25, and band fillings where the Fermi surface is inside the Umklapp surface, only the d-pairing susceptibility diverges at low temperatures. When the Fermi surface intersects the Umklapp surface close to the saddle points, d-wave pairing, d-density wave, antiferromagnetic and, to a weaker extent, d-wave Fermi surface deformation susceptibilities grow together when the interactions flow to strong coupling. We interpret these findings as indications for a non-trivial strongly coupled phase with short-ranged superconducting and antiferromagnetic correlations, in close analogy with the spin liquid ground state in the well-understood two-leg Hubbard ladder.Comment: 8 pages, to appear in European Physical Journal

    Landau-Fermi liquid analysis of the 2D t-t' Hubbard model

    Full text link
    We calculate the Landau interaction function f(k,k') for the two-dimensional t-t' Hubbard model on the square lattice using second and higher order perturbation theory. Within the Landau-Fermi liquid framework we discuss the behavior of spin and charge susceptibilities as function of the onsite interaction and band filling. In particular we analyze the role of elastic umklapp processes as driving force for the anisotropic reduction of the compressibility on parts of the Fermi surface.Comment: 10 pages, 16 figure

    Orbital Dependence of Quasiparticle Lifetimes in Sr2RuO4

    Full text link
    Using a phenomenological Hamiltonian, we investigate the quasiparticle lifetimes and dispersions in the three low energy bands, gamma, beta, and alpha of Sr2RuO4. Couplings in the Hamiltonian are fixed so as to produce the mass renormalization as measured in magneto-oscillation experiments. We thus find reasonable agreement in all bands between our computed lifetimes and those measured in ARPES experiments by Kidd et al. [1] and Ingle et al. [2]. In comparing computed to measured quasiparticle dispersions, we however find good agreement in the alpha-band alone.Comment: 7 pages, 5 figure
    corecore