1,276 research outputs found


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    A new mechanism is presented for the generation of quark and lepton masses, based on a heavy fourth family and a new sector of massless fermions. The massless fermions have only discrete chiral symmetries and they are confined by the metacolor force. The resulting electroweak corrections may be smaller than in technicolor theories.Comment: 11 pages, LaTeX, UTPT-93-09. (The title has changed from "Massless Technicolor" and more discussion of dynamics has been added.

    Approaching a strong fourth family

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    A heavy fourth family is an example of new physics which is well defined and familiar in some respects, but which nevertheless has radical implications. In particular it eliminates a light Higgs description of electroweak symmetry breaking. We discuss an early signal for heavy quarks at the LHC in the form of an excess of "WW-jets", and as well show how WW-jets may be useful in the reconstruction of the heavy quark masses. We argue that fourth family quarks can be distinguished from vector-like quarks of a similar mass at roughly the same time that a same sign lepton signal becomes visible. Given the large mass of the fourth neutrino we describe how a picture for neutrino mass emerges in the absence of right-handed neutrinos, and how it suggests the existence of a remnant flavor gauge symmetry. Based on talk given at "Second Workshop on Beyond 3 Generation Standard Model -- New Fermions at the Crossroads of Tevatron and LHC", January 2010, Taipei Taiwan.Comment: 14 pages, 10 figures, references added and slight change

    New Axial Interactions at a TeV

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    We consider a heavy fourth family with masses lying in the symmetry breaking channel of a new strong gauge interaction. This interaction generates a heavy quark axial-type operator, whose effects can be enhanced through multiple insertions. In terms of the strength of this operator we can express new negative contributions to the S and T parameters and the shifts of the Z couplings to the third family. In particular we find that the new contribution to T is strongly constrained by the experimental constraints on the Z coupling to the tau.Comment: 14 pages, 1 figure, PRD versio

    The size of flavor changing effects induced by the symmetry breaking sector

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    It has recently been shown that strong interactions underlying electroweak symmetry breaking will induce four-fermion amplitudes proportional to m_t^2, which in turn will influence a variety of flavor changing processes. We argue that the size of these effects are likely to be far below the current experimental bounds.Comment: 5 pages, LaTeX, 1 figur

    Soft asymptotics with mass gap

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    From the operator product expansion the gluon condensate controls a certain power law correction to the ultraviolet behavior of the gauge theory. This is reflected by the asymptotic behavior of the effective gluon mass function as determined by its Schwinger-Dyson equation. We show that the current state of the art determination of the gluon mass function by Binosi, Ibanez and Papavassiliou points to a vanishing gluon condensate. If this is correct then the vacuum energy also vanishes in massless QCD. This result can be interpreted as a statement about a softness in the ultraviolet behavior and the consistency of this behavior with a mass gap.Comment: 10 pages, 4 figures, improved discussion, version to appear in Physics Letters

    Mass gap without vacuum energy

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    We consider soft nonlocal deformations of massless theories that introduce a mass gap. By use of a renormalization scheme that preserves the ultraviolet softness of the deformation, renormalized quantities of low mass dimension, such as normal mass terms, vanish via finite counterterms. The same applies to the renormalized cosmological constant. We connect this discussion to gauge theories, since they are also subject to a soft nonlocal deformation due to the effects of Gribov copies. These effects are softer than usually portrayed.Comment: 7 page

    Chiral Lagrangian from gauge invariant,nonlocal, dynamical quark model

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    Parameters of Gasser Leutwyler chiral Lagrangian are proved saturated by dynamical quark self energy Sigma(k^2) in a gauge invariant, nonlocal, dynamical quark model.Comment: 11 page

    Majorana Neutrino Masses Can Save One Family Technicolour

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    We make non perturbative estimates of the electroweak radiative correction parameter SS in dynamical symmetry breaking models with Majorana neutrino masses. The Majorana masses are treated as perturbations to a Non Local Chiral Model of the strong interactions. We argue that parameter ranges exist that would allow realistic values of SS and TT in one family Technicolour models.Comment: 15 pages plus appended diagrams (ps), Latex, SHEP 92/93--2

    NLO tools and the background to H→WWH\rightarrow WW

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    A theory input is needed for the estimation of the largest background for the H→WWH\rightarrow WW search at the LHC. This is the shape of the mℓℓm_{\ell\ell} spectrum from continuum WWWW production. We find this to depend on how NLO matrix elements are merged with parton showers, and we compare the results from a number of different implementations. The results suggest that both the size of the background estimate and its uncertainty may have been underestimated. This conclusion is reinforced by a "Note Added", which comments on the LHC results released on November 14 2012.Comment: 11 pages, 2 figures, published versio
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