76 research outputs found

    Theory of the in-plane anisotropy of magnetic excitations in YBa_{2}Cu_{3}O_{6+y}

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    A pronounced xy-anisotropy was observed in recent neutron scattering experiments for magnetic excitations in untwinned YBa_{2}Cu_{3}O_{6+y} (YBCO). The small anisotropy of the bare band structure due to the orthorhombic crystal symmetry seems to be enhanced by correlation effects. A natural possibility is that the system is close to a Pomeranchuk instability associated with a d-wave Fermi surface deformation (dFSD). We investigate this possibility in the bilayer t-J model within a self-consistent slave-boson mean-field theory. We show that the dFSD correlations drive a pronounced xy-anisotropy of magnetic excitations at low doping and at relatively high temperatures, providing a scenario for the observed xy-anisotropy in optimally doped as well as underdoped YBCO, including the pseudogap phase.Comment: magnetic excitations in the even channel for YBCO are presented; the proceedings of the M2S-HTSC VIII conferenc

    Theory of reduced singlet pairing without the underlying state of charge stripes in the high-temperature superconductor YBa_2Cu_3O_6.45

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    Recently, a strongly enhanced xy anisotropy of magnetic excitations was observed in YBa_2Cu_3O_y (YBCO_y) with y=6.45 and Tc=35 K [Science 319, 597 (2008)]. Unlike the observation in YBCO_6.6 and YBCO_6.85, the anisotropy grows to be pronounced at lower temperature and at lower energy, and is not suppressed by the onset of superconductivity. We propose that the effect of singlet pairing is substantially reduced in YBCO_6.45. This reduction concomitantly enhances an order competing with singlet pairing, a strong tendency of the so-called d-wave Pomeranchuk instability, leading to the magnetic excitations observed experimentally.Comment: 11 pages, 4 figures, published versio

    Structure of the pairing gap from orbital nematic fluctuations

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    We study superconducting instability from orbital nematic fluctuations in a minimal model consisting of the dxzd_{xz} and dyzd_{yz} orbitals, and choose model parameters which capture the typical Fermi surface geometry observed in iron-based superconductors. We solve the Eliashberg equations down to low temperatures with keeping the renormalization function and a full momentum dependence of the pairing gap. When superconductivity occurs in the tetragonal phase, we find that the pairing gap exhibits a weak momentum dependence over the Fermi surfaces. The superconducting instability occurs also inside the nematic phase. When the dxzd_{xz} orbital is occupied more than the dyzd_{yz} orbital in the nematic phase, a larger (smaller) gap is realized on the Fermi-surface parts, where the dxzd_{xz} (dyzd_{yz}) orbital component is dominant, leading to a substantial momentum dependence of the pairing gap on the hole Fermi surfaces. On the other hand, the momentum dependence of the gap is weak on the electron Fermi surfaces. We also find that while the leading instability is the so-called s++s_{++}-wave symmetry, the second leading one is dx2y2d_{x^2-y^2}-wave symmetry. In particular, these two states are nearly degenerate in the tetragonal phase whereas such quasi-degeneracy is lifted in the nematic phase and the dx2y2d_{x^2-y^2}-wave symmetry changes to highly anisotropic ss-wave symmetry.Comment: 19 pages, 8 figure

    Singular non-ordering susceptibility at a Pomeranchuk instability

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    We study magnetic susceptibilities of two-dimensional itinerant electron systems exhibiting symmetry-breaking Fermi surface distortions, the so-called d-wave Pomeranchuk instability, in a magnetic field. In a pure forward scattering model, the longitudinal susceptibility chi^{zz} is found to exhibit a jump at a critical point. The magnitude of this jump diverges at a tricritical point. When scattering processes involving finite momentum transfers are allowed for, chi^{zz} is expected to diverge also at a critical point. The system displays multiple critical fluctuations. We argue that the features of chi^{zz} are general properties associated with singularities of a non-ordering susceptibility, leading to implications for a variety of materials including Sr_3Ru_2O_7.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figure