5,499 research outputs found

### Zn and Ni doping effects on the low-energy spin excitations in La$_{1.85}$Sr$_{0.15}$CuO$_{4}$

Impurity effects of Zn and Ni on the low-energy spin excitations were
systematically studied in optimally doped La1.85Sr0.15Cu1-yAyO4 (A=Zn, Ni) by
neutron scattering. Impurity-free La1.85Sr0.15CuO4 shows a spin gap of 4meV
below Tc in the antiferromagnetic(AF) incommensurate spin excitation. In
Zn:y=0.004, the spin excitation shows a spin gap of 3meV below Tc. In
Zn:y=0.008 and Zn:y=0.011, however, the magnetic signals at 3meV decrease below
Tc and increase again at lower temperature, indicating an in-gap state. In
Zn:y=0.017, the low-energy spin state remains unchanged with decreasing
temperature, and elastic magnetic peaks appear below 20K then exponentially
increase. As for Ni:y=0.009 and Ni:y=0.018, the low-energy excitations below
3meV and 2meV disappear below Tc. The temperature dependence at 3meV, however,
shows no upturn in constrast with Zn:y=0.008 and Zn:y=0.011, indicating the
absence of in-gap state. In Ni:y=0.029, the magnetic signals were observed also
at 0meV. Thus the spin gap closes with increasing Ni. Furthermore, as omega
increases, the magnetic peak width broadens and the peak position, i.e.
incommensurability, shifts toward the magnetic zone center (pi pi). We
interpret the impurity effects as follows: Zn locally makes a
non-superconducting island exhibiting the in-gap state in the superconducting
sea with the spin gap. Zn reduces the superconducting volume fraction, thus
suppressing Tc. On the other hand, Ni primarily affects the superconducting
sea, and the spin excitations become more dispersive and broaden with
increasing energy, which is recognized as a consequence of the reduction of
energy scale of spin excitations. We believe that the reduction of energy scale
is relevant to the suppression of Tc.Comment: 13pages, 14figures; submitted to Phys. Rev.

### Oxidation resistance of silicon ceramics

Oxidation resistance, and examples of oxidation of SiC, Si3N4 and sialon are reviewed. A description is given of the oxidation mechanism, including the oxidation product, oxidation reaction and the bubble size. The oxidation reactions are represented graphically. An assessment is made of the oxidation process, and an oxidation example of silicon ceramics is given

### Two-dimensional soliton cellular automaton of deautonomized Toda-type

A deautonomized version of the two-dimensional Toda lattice equation is
presented. Its ultra-discrete analogue and soliton solutions are also
discussed.Comment: 11 pages, LaTeX fil

### Manufacture of dense sintered bodies containing silicon nitride

Sintered bodies containing 1-32.5 Si oxide and 1.5 wt.% SiC (Si oxide/SiC wt. ratio 3/2) are prepared and kept in a 10-3000 kg/2 sq. cm. N (g) atmosphere at 1500-2300 degrees, while simultaneously maintaining the CO (g) partial pressure around the body lower than the nitrogenation equil. pressure to give a dense sintered body. The prepared dense sintered body has high strength at high temperatures. Thus, SiC 40, oxide 30 and Si3N4 30 wt% were fired to a body which was kept in 1500 kg/sq. cm. N (g) for 20 h at 2000 degrees to give a dense sintered body having high bending strength at high temperatures

### Spin Dynamical Properties of the Layered Perovskite La1.2Sr1.8Mn2O7

Inelastic neutron-scattering measurements were performed on a single crystal
of the layered colossal magnetoresistance (CMR) material La1.2Sr1.8Mn2O7 (Tc ~
120K). We found that the spin wave dispersion is almost perfectly
two-dimensional with the in-plane spin stiffness constant D ~ 151meVA. The
value is similar to that of similarly doped La1-xSrxMnO3 though its Tc is three
times higher, indicating a large renormalization due to low dimensionality.
There exist two branches due to a coupling between layers within a
double-layer. The out-of-plane coupling is about 30% of the in-plane coupling
though the Mn-O bond lengths are similar.Comment: 3 pages, 3 figures J. Phys. Chem. Solids in pres

### Zero curvature representation for classical lattice sine-Gordon equation via quantum R-matrix

Local M-operators for the classical sine-Gordon model in discrete space-time
are constructed by convolution of the quantum trigonometric 4$\times$4 R-matrix
with certain vectors in its "quantum" space. Components of the vectors are
identified with $\tau$-functions of the model. This construction generalizes
the known representation of M-operators in continuous time models in terms of
Lax operators and classical $r$-matrix.Comment: 10 pages, LaTeX (misprints are corrected

### Novel in-gap spin state in Zn-doped La_1.85Sr_0.15CuO_4

Low-energy spin excitations of La1.85Sr0.15Cu1-yZnyO4 were studied by neutron
scattering. In y=0.004, the incommensurate magnetic peaks show a well defined
``spin gap'' below Tc. The magnetic signals at omega=3 meV decrease below Tc=27
K for y=0.008, also suggesting the gap opening. At lower temperatures, however,
the signal increases again, implying a novel in-gap spin state. In y=0.017, the
spin gap vanishes and elastic magnetic peaks appear. These results clarify that
doped Zn impurities induce the novel in-gap state, which becomes larger and
more static with increasing Zn.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

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