31 research outputs found

    Catatan Editor: Memotret Wajah Psikologis Masyarakat Indonesia: Pentingnya Konsep dan Pengukuran Psikologi yang Ulayat

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    Alat ukur merupakan elemen utama dalam studi-studi di bidang psikologi, khususnya yang berpedoman pada paradigma positivisme. Namun mayoritas studi psikologi di Indonesia masih berpedoman pada konsep serta pengukuran psikologi Barat, sehingga kurang akurat dalam memotret realita psikologis yang sebenarnya terjadi. Dalam tulisan ini, secara singkat saya mendeskripsikan peran sentral pengukuran dalam ilmu psikologi dengan memanfaatkan pendekatan historis. Selanjutnya, tulisan ini mendiskusikan pentingnya mempertimbangkan konteks ulayat dalam penelitian psikologi di Indonesia, yang diharapkan dapat menginspirasi studi-studi pengembangan konsep psikologi yang khas Indonesia

    The Development of Indonesian Teacher Competence Questionnaire

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    Abstract The enhancement of teacher’s quality is crucial, and it remains a challenge in Indonesia. As an effort to achieve a better education quality, a comprehensive reformation of the education system has to be done, especially regarding the aspect of teacher’s quality. The cultural uniqueness may impact the different values of competent teachers, make it typical to define a competence teacher from one place to another. Up to the present, there have been wide variations of the instruments used to measure teacher competence, but most are developed with regards to the western culture. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop a culturally-sensitive instrument to assess teacher competence based on the situation of the targeted country where the teacher resides. High schools students in Jakarta and greater area participated in this study. Validity and reliability testing were performed to confirm the psychometric property of Teacher Competence Questionnaire (TCQ). It is concluded that TCQ is a valid and reliable instrument to measure teacher competence. Several limitations related to this study are discussed. Keywords: teacher competence questionnaire, teacher evaluation, quality of education                 Â

    A Study on The Sandwich Generation Differences in Level of Work-Family Conflict and Marital Satisfaction among Working Couple

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    Dual-earner couples in the sandwich generation are overcoming unique challenges to their marital satisfaction. Therefore, this study aimed to explore gender differences in work-family conflict and marital satisfaction in dual-earner couples among the sandwich generation. To achieve this, a quantitative mathod comprising 105 participants (Mage = 39.10; SD = 9.842) from Greater Jakarta, was used. The results showed that there was no significant differences between working men and women in the sandwich generation concerning marital satisfaction and work-family conflict. Based on observations, there was no correlation between work-family conflict and marital satisfaction in women. Conversely, a negative correlation existed between marital satisfaction and the number of children, a trend discovered exclusively in men. In conclusion, this study provided information to improve the marriage quality for dual-earner couples and contributed novel perspective to the discourse on marital satisfaction and work-family conflict

    On Being Religious: Will Religiosity Change Our Perceptions of Pleasure in Reckless Behavior?

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    Pleasure takes part as an underlying motivation in decision making activities, including when committing conventional and reckless behaviors. Whereas previous studies have confirmed that individuals with higher level of religiosity commit less reckless behaviors, little attention is given to further identify their pleasure perceptions toward performing such actions. This study was intended to fill the gap by demonstrating if higher level of religiosity among emerging adults would change perceptions of pleasure, which in turns reduce the likelihood of performing reckless behavior. A total of 441 data of emerging adults (Mage= 20.69; SD = 1.71) living in Jakarta and Tangerang were gathered. The survey found that there exists a negative influence of religiosity towards perception of pleasure in emerging adults’ reckless behavior. This study suggests that in attempt to reduce reckless behavior, practitioners could use indirect religious approaches, including: adopting religious morality, providing a supportive community, and practicing relaxing rituals.Â

    Tahan atau pikir kembali: Strategi regulasi emosi dan kepuasan pernikahan pada masa pandemi Covid-19

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    Abstract The high divorce rate in Indonesia becomes a social phenomenon, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Pandemic situation puts tension on married life, which can reduce marital satisfaction which is one of the predictors of divorce. This quantitative study aims to explore the influence of each emotion regulation strategy, namely cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression on marital satisfaction among married individuals in Indonesia. This study was conducted on 166 participants using Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) (α reappraisal = 0,676, α suppression = 0,729) and Relationship Assessment Scale (RAS) (α = 0,827) to measure emotion regulation strategy and marital satisfaction of each participant. Data from a sample were analyzed with multiple hierarchy regression tests, Pearson correlation, and independent sample t-test. The results showed that cognitive reappraisal strategies contributed significantly to marital satisfaction, and expressive suppression contributed significantly only to men, while in women there was no meaningful contribution. This study is expected to provide useful findings in regulating emotions in couples, especially those that are gender sensitive, in order to increase marital satisfaction. Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic; emotion regulation strategy; marital satisfaction   Abstrak Tingginya angka perceraian di Indonesia menjadi fenomena sosial, khususnya di masa pandemi COVID-19. Situasi pandemi memberikan tekanan dalam kehidupan pernikahan, sehingga dapat menurunkan kepuasan pernikahan yang merupakan salah satu prediktor dari perceraian. Penelitian kuantitatif ini memiliki tujuan untuk mengeksplor pengaruh masing-masing strategi regulasi emosi, yaitu cognitive reappraisal dan expressive suppression terhadap kepuasan pernikahan pada individu menikah di Indonesia. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada 166 partisipan dengan menggunakan Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) (α reappraisal = 0,676, α suppression = 0,729) dan Relationship Assessment Scale (RAS) (α = 0,827) untuk mengukur strategi regulasi emosi dan kepuasan pernikahan dari masing-masing partisipan. Data dari sampel dianalisis dengan uji regresi hierarki berganda, korelasi Pearson, dan independent sample t-test. Hasil studi menunjukkan bahwa strategi cognitive reappraisal memberikan kontribusi yang positif secara signifikan terhadap kepuasan pernikahan dan expressive suppression memberikan kontribusi yang signifikan hanya pada lelaki, sedangkan pada perempuan tidak ditemukan kontribusi yang berarti. Studi ini diharapkan dapat memberi temuan yang bermanfaat dalam meregulasi emosi pada pasangan, khususnya yang sensitif berdasarkan gender, demi meningkatkan kepuasan pernikahan. Kata Kunci:  kepuasan pernikahan; pandemic COVID-19; strategi regulasi emos

    A Source of Hope Whilst in Waiting: The Contributions of Religiosity to the Psychological Well-Being of Involuntarily Single Women: [Sumber Pengharapan dalam Penantian: Kontribusi Religiositas terhadap Kesejahteraan Psikologis pada Perempuan Lajang yang Ingin Menikah]

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    This study took as its start-off point, in the context of a patrilineal society, that being religious is evaluated as being a positive matter, and that not yet being married is evaluated as being negative and attracting stigma. The goal of the study was to explore the role of religiosity in the well-being of involuntarily single women in Indonesia. The religiosity of the participants was measured using The Four Basic Dimensions of Religiousness Scale (4-BDRS) and their psychological well-being by using the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS). Through a technique of purposive sampling, a total of 169 female participants (Mage = 29.11; SD = 3.41) took part in an online survey. The results of regression analysis showed the existence of a meaningful role for religion, in the psychological well-being of involuntarily single women. Involuntarily single women who were active in religious activities tended to have higher levels of psychological well-being. The use of simple regression data analysis and statistical testing indicated that there was a pattern of religiosity specific to individuals across religious groups. It is hoped that this study might provide valuable views, particularly for Indonesian society, the portion of whose citizens who have not yet married is experiencing an increase. Studi ini mengambil titik tolak dalam konteks masyarakat patrilineal, ketika menjadi religius dinilai positif dan belum menikah dinilai negatif dan berstigma. Tujuan studi ini adalah mengeksplorasi peran religiositas terhadap kesejahteraan individu perempuan lajang yang ingin menikah di Indonesia. Religiositas partisipan diukur dengan menggunakan The Four Basic Dimensions of Religiousness Scale (4-BDRS) dan kesejahteraan psikologis diukur dengan menggunakan Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS). Dengan teknik purposive sampling, total sebanyak 169 partisipan perempuan (Musia = 29,11; SD = 3,41) telah berpartisipasi dalam survei daring. Hasil analisis regresi menunjukkan adanya peran religiositas yang bermakna dalam kesejahteraan psikologis perempuan lajang yang ingin menikah. Perempuan lajang yang ingin menikah yang aktif pada aktivitas religius cenderung memiliki kesejahteraan psikologis yang lebih tinggi. Penggunaan teknik analisis data regresi sederhana serta uji statistik menunjukkan bahwa ada pola religiositas yang khusus pada individu, lintas kelompok agama. Studi ini diharapkan dapat memberikan wawasan berharga, khususnya bagi masyarakat Indonesia yang proporsi penduduk belum menikahnya terus mengalami peningkatan

    The Question of Ethical Review for Psychological Research in Indonesia: Need and Importance [Menyoal Uji Etik dalam Penelitian Psikologi di Indonesia: Seberapa Perlu dan Pentingkah?]

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    Ethical evaluation is an integral part of the research process. While at the international level, ethical assessment is required for the majority of psychological studies involving direct data collection on human subjects, such assessment is largely optional in the Indonesian context. Ethical aspects, which are essential in research, are often trivialized and thus ignored. In this article, the author specifically focuses on the importance of ethical evaluation in psychological research proposals, by citing the controversial Little Albert experiment, describing the benefits of ethical evaluation for the participants, researchers, and the dignity of the profession. Lastly, the article formulates holistic recommendations for the benefit of developing psychological research in Indonesia. Evaluasi etik merupakan bagian yang tidak terpisahkan dari proses penelitian. Walaupun di tingkat internasional mayoritas penelitian psikologi yang melibatkan pengambilan data secara langsung terhadap subjek manusia diharuskan melalui proses uji etik, di Indonesia hal tersebut masih cenderung merupakan pilihan. Aspek etik dalam sebuah penelitian, yang sebenarnya merupakan hal esensial, seringkali disepelekan dan karenanya diabaikan. Dalam tulisan ini, secara spesifik penulis berfokus pada pentingnya evaluasi etik dari sebuah rencana (proposal) penelitian psikologi, dengan menyinggung eksperimen kontroversial Little Albert, mendeskripsikan manfaat evaluasi aspek etis penelitian bagi partisipan, peneliti, dan marwah profesi. Terakhir, tulisan ini memformulasikan rekomendasi yang menyeluruh sehingga bermanfaat bagi perkembangan penelitian psikologi di Indonesia

    Singleness, sex, and spirituality: how religion affects the experience of being single in Indonesia

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    In Indonesia, marital status and religion are important social attributes, with sex being culturally and legally restricted to marriage. This begs the question of how Indonesian never-married individuals manage their needs relating to sexuality and belonging. The study particularly outlines the role of religion in assisting unmarried individuals fulfil their need for partnership. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 40 never-married Indonesian adults aged 26–50 who belong to the acknowledged religions of Indonesia. The results revealed that religiosity and spirituality informed the participants’ perceptions of their singleness in terms of emotion, socialising and sexual experience. Those with orthodox religious values believed that marriage is a religious mandate in order to avoid sinful sexual promiscuity. In contrast, participants who describe their religious life in terms of having a close spiritual connection with God (or a Higher Being), while also experiencing pressure, tended to perceive such pressure as positive and necessary for the sake of their future

    The single’s struggle: discovering involuntary singleness in Indonesia through gender and religious perspectives

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    Singleness emerges as a theme in studies on contemporary relationships across societies, including in Indonesia. While in most Western societies, singleness reflects an individual’s personal preference, marriage is viewed as cultural imperative in Indonesia, and being single is often held involuntarily by most never-married adults. This study outlines the reasons of why Indonesian individuals remain involuntarily single. The interviews of 40 never-married adults aged 27–52 years (M age = 33.14; SD = 4.04) revealed that gender and religious differences regarding marriage expectation are central themes in understanding involuntary singleness. The study particularly revealed four gender-specific reasons for why individuals remained involuntarily single: obtaining a career, having an incompatible marriage expectation, having dependent family members, and having temporal perspectives of singleness. Two themes emerged regarding the religious perspective of singleness: religious interpretations about singleness and religion-related coping ways of being involuntarily single. The themes suggest that marriage is not a mere personal fulfillment as cultural and religious values determine individuals’ marriage feasibility. While offering a new perspective of involuntary singleness from non-Western perspective, the results inform strategies to cope with unwanted singleness, particularly in the marriage- and religion-preoccupied societies

    Either I do or I must: an exploration of the marriage attitudes of Indonesian singles

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    Despite the increasing proportion of never-married adults worldwide, there is a marked difference between Asian and Western societies regarding attitudes to both marriage and singleness. While marriage is generally accepted as a personal choice in the West, people in many Asian countries–particularly in Indonesia–still have firm beliefs about the universality of marriage. Singles face social pressure due to their status, so their attitude toward marriage is still understudied. This study thus aims to describe singles’ attitudes toward marriage through the interaction of three indicators: the intention to marry, the perceived social pressure to marry, and underlying reasons to marry. A survey of 107 never-married adults (M = 26.98 ± 5.79) was conducted which employed both open-ended and closed questions. Its findings confirm that, despite the considerable pressure singles experience due to their singleness, they still have a favourable attitude toward marriage
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