1,371 research outputs found

    Cerenkov light images of EAS produced by primary gamma

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    It is shown that it should be possible to distinguish very effectively between background hadronic showers and TeV gamma ray showers from a point source on the basis of the width, length and orientation of the Cerenkov light images of the shower, seen in the focal plane of a focusing mirror, even with a relatively coarse pixel size such as employed in the Mt. Hopkins detector. Predictions of the response of this system to air showers are presented

    UHE particle production in close binary systems

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    Cygnus X-3 appears to generate so much power in the form of charged particles of up to approx 10 to the 17th power eV that the galaxy may need approx 1 such source on average to maintain its flux of ultra high energy cosmic rays. Accreting gas must supply the energy, and in a surprisingly ordered form, if it is correct to use a Vest-rand-Eichler model for radiation of gammas, modified by the introduction of an accretion wake. Certain relationships between 10 to the 12th power eV and 10 to the 15th power gamma rays are expected

    Why is Cygnus X-3 (with related sources) a highlight of cosmic-ray astrophysics?

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    Cygnus X-3 and some apparently related systems have sprung into remarkable prominence. The reasons for this great interest are summarized. Some recent developments in the picture of these sources are also outlined

    Mapping the most energetic cosmic rays

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    The correlation between the directions of optically-detected AGNs within 75 Mpc and the arrival directions of cosmic rays above 57 EeV detected by the Auger collaboration up to August 2007 is examined using uniform-exposure plots and a form of right ascension resonance which does not require choice of an association window radius. Using the latter, the chance of accidental correlation is found to be well below 1 in 10^5 even without using 3.2 degree windows; the correlation with FRI-like radio galaxies within 75 Mpc, listed by Nagar & Matulich (which are in AGN clusters), is separately just as significant; and a correlation can also be found in other data at a lower energy. Cen A is currently inactive at this energy, as more distant radio galaxies are so prominent. The efficacy of a 57 EeV cut to select this revelatory (proton) sample of the Auger data may be almost accidental and not robust. The cosmic rays in the Auger sample seem to be scattered by ~3-4 degrees en route, from about 50 Mpc, and in one relatively well probed sky region there may be a 4 degree systematic deflection in a Bz component of the magnetic field in the galactic halo. The sources appear to be mostly within 120 Mpc. This is compatible with a GZK survival horizon, but only if (a) the Auger energies are underestimated by ~25% and (b) the sudden fall in the energy spectrum is not simply a GZK effect but essentially reflects an energy cut-off in the sources.Comment: Submitted to Astroparticle Physics; 27 pages, 13 figures (20 panels

    Flux Sensitivity of VERITAS

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    VERITAS is a new major ground-based gamma-ray observatory with an array of seven 10 m optical reflectors to be built at the Whipple Observatory in southern Arizona, USA. It will consist of an array of imaging Cherenkov telescopes designed to conduct critical measurements of AGNs and SNRs in the energy range of 50 GeV - 50 TeV. The design of the array has been optimized for the highest sensitivity to point sources in the 100 GeV - 10 TeV band when the stereoscopic imaging technique is employed. Maximum versatility of the array has been another major optimization criterion. We present the flux sensitivity of the baseline VERITAS configuration.Comment: 5 pages, 1 figure, presented at VERITAS Workshop on TeV Astrophysics of Extragalactic Sources, Cambridge, MA, Oct. 23-24, 1998. In press, Astroparticle Physics, ed. M. Catanese, J. Quinn, T. Weeke

    Effect of multiple reusing of simulated air showers in detector simulations

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    The study of high energy cosmic rays requires detailed Monte Carlo simulations of both, extensive air showers and the detectors involved in their detection. In particular, the energy calibration of several experiments is obtained from simulations. Also, in composition studies simulations play a fundamental role because the primary mass is determined by comparing experimental with simulated data. At the highest energies the detailed simulation of air showers is very costly in processing time and disk space due to the large number of secondary particles generated in interactions with the atmosphere. Therefore, in order to increase the statistics, it is quite common to recycle single showers many times to simulate the detector response. As a result, the events of the Monte Carlo samples generated in this way are not fully independent. In this work we study the artificial effects introduced by the multiple use of single air showers for the detector simulations. In particular, we study in detail the effects introduced by the repetitions in the kernel density estimators which are frequently used in composition studies.Comment: 15 pages and 4 figure

    A Comparative Study of the Depth of Maximum of Simulated Air Shower Longitudinal Profiles

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    A comparative study of simulated air shower longitudinal profiles is presented. An appropriate thinning level for the calculations is first determined empirically. High statistics results are then provided, over a wide energy range, (10^14.0 to 10^20.5 eV), for proton & iron primaries, using four combinations of the MOCCA & CORSIKA program frameworks, and the SIBYLL & QGSJET high energy hadronic interaction models. These results are compared to existing experimental data. The way in which the first interaction controls Xmax is investigated, as is the distribution of Xmax.Comment: 13 pages, 5 figures. Accepted by Astroparticle Physics. (Revised according to referee's comments.
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