6,629 research outputs found

### X(3872) and its Partners in the Heavy Quark Limit of QCD

In this letter, we propose interpolating currents for the X(3872) resonance,
and show that, in the Heavy Quark limit of QCD, the X(3872) state should have
degenerate partners, independent of its internal structure. Magnitudes of
possible I=0 and I=1 components of the X(3872) are also discussed.Comment: 12 page

### MOND as the weak-field limit of an extended metric theory of gravity

We show that the Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) regime can be fully
recovered as the weak-field limit of a particular theory of gravity formulated
in the metric approach. This is possible when Milgrom's acceleration constant
is taken as a fundamental quantity which couples to the theory in a very
consistent manner. As a consequence, the scale invariance of the gravitational
interaction is naturally broken. In this sense, Newtonian gravity is the
weak-field limit of general relativity and MOND is the weak-field limit of that
particular extended theory of gravity.Comment: To appear in the proceedings of the 2011 Spanish Relativity Meeting
(ERE2011) held in Madrid, Spain, 4 page

### Renormalized coordinate approach to the thermalization process

We consider a particle in the harmonic approximation coupled linearly to an
environment. modeled by an infinite set of harmonic oscillators. The system
(particle--environment) is considered in a cavity at thermal equilibrium. We
employ the recently introduced notion of renormalized coordinates to
investigate the time evolution of the particle occupation number. For
comparison we first present this study in bare coordinates. For a long ellapsed
time, in both approaches, the occupation number of the particle becomes
independent of its initial value. The value of ocupation number of the particle
is the physically expected one at the given temperature. So we have a Markovian
process, describing the particle thermalization with the environment. With
renormalized coordinates no renormalization procedure is required, leading
directly to a finite result.Comment: 16 pages, LATEX, 2 figure

### Non-relativistic Extended Gravity and its applications across different astrophysical scales

Using dimensional analysis techniques we present an extension of Newton's
gravitational theory built under the assumption that Milgrom's acceleration
constant is a fundamental quantity of nature. The gravitational force converges
to Newton's gravity and to a MOND-like description in two different mass and
length regimes. It is shown that a modification on the force sector (and not in
the dynamical one as MOND does) is more convenient and can reproduce and
predict different phenomena usually ascribed to dark matter at the
non-relativistic level.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures. To appear in the proceedings of the 2011 Spanish
Relativity Meeting (ERE2011) held in Madrid, Spai

### Landslide Risk: Economic Valuation in the North-Eastern Zone of Medellin City

Natural disasters of a geodynamic nature can cause enormous economic and human losses. The economic costs of a landslide disaster include relocation of communities and physical repair of urban infrastructure. However, when performing a quantitative risk analysis, generally, the indirect economic consequences of such an event are not taken into account. A probabilistic approach methodology that considers several scenarios of hazard and vulnerability to measure the magnitude of the landslide and to quantify the economic costs is proposed. With this approach, it is possible to carry out a quantitative evaluation of the risk by landslides, allowing the calculation of the economic losses before a potential disaster in an objective, standardized and reproducible way, taking into account the uncertainty of the building costs in the study zone. The possibility of comparing different scenarios facilitates the urban planning process, the optimization of interventions to reduce risk to acceptable levels and an assessment of economic losses according to the magnitude of the damage. For the development and explanation of the proposed methodology, a simple case study is presented, located in north-eastern zone of the city of MedellĂn. This area has particular geomorphological characteristics, and it is also characterized by the presence of several buildings in bad structural conditions. The proposed methodology permits to obtain an estimative of the probable economic losses by earthquake-induced landslides, taking into account the uncertainty of the building costs in the study zone. The obtained estimative shows that the structural intervention of the buildings produces a reduction the order of 21 % in the total landslide risk. Â© Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd

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