1,575 research outputs found

### Quasiperiodic Hubbard chains

Low energy properties of half-filled Fibonacci Hubbard models are studied by
weak coupling renormalization group and density matrix renormalization group
method. In the case of diagonal modulation, weak Coulomb repulsion is
irrelevant and the system behaves as a free Fibonacci chain, while for strong
Coulomb repulsion, the charge sector is a Mott insulator and the spin sector
behaves as a uniform Heisenberg antiferromagnetic chain. The off-diagonal
modulation always drives the charge sector to a Mott insulator and the spin
sector to a Fibonacci antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures; Final version to appear in Phys. Rev. Let

### Magnetization plateaus in antiferromagnetic-(ferromagnetic)_{n} polymerized S=1/2 XXZ chains

The plateau-non-plateau transition in the
antiferromagnetic-(ferromagnetic)$_{n}$ polymerized $S=1/2$ XXZ chains under
the magnetic field is investigated. The universality class of this transition
belongs to the Brezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) type. The critical points
are determined by level spectroscopy analysis of the numerical diagonalization
data for $4 \leq p \leq 13$ where $p(\equiv n+1)$ is the size of a unit cell.
It is found that the critical strength of ferromagnetic coupling decreases with
$p$ for small $p$ but increases for larger enough $p$. It is also found that
the plateau for large $p$ is wide enough for moderate values of exchange
coupling so that it should be easily observed experimentally. This is in
contrast to the plateaus for $p = 3$ chains which are narrow for a wide range
of exchange coupling even away from the critical point

### Critical Properties of the transition between the Haldane phase and the large-D phase of the spin-1/2 ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain with on-site anisotropy"

We analytically study the ground-state quantum phase transition between the
Haldane phase and the large-$D$ (LD) phase of the $S=1/2$
ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic alternating Heisenberg chain with on-site
anisotropy. We transform this model into a generalized version of the
alternating antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model with anisotropy. In the
transformed model, the competition between the transverse and longitudinal bond
alternations yields the Haldane-LD transition. Using the bosonization method,
we show that the critical exponents vary continuously on the Haldane-LD
boundary. Our scaling relations between critical exponents very well explains
the numerical results by Hida.Comment: text 12 pages (Plain TeX), LaTeX sourse files of a table and a figure
on reques

### The antiferromagnetic order in an F-AF random alternating quantum spin chain : (CH_3)_2 CHNH_3 Cu(Cl_x Br_{1-x})_3

A possibility of the uniform antiferromagnetic order is pointed out in an
S=1/2 ferromagnetic (F) - antiferromagnetic (AF) random alternating Heisenberg
quantum spin chain compound: (CH_3)_2 CHNH_3 Cu(Cl_x Br_{1-x})_3. The system
possesses the bond alternation of strong random bonds that take +/- 2J and weak
uniform AF bonds of -J. In the pure concentration limits, the model reduces to
the AF-AF alternation chain at x=0 and to the F-AF alternation chain at x=1.
The nonequilibrium relaxation of large-scale quantum Monte Carlo simulations
exhibits critical behaviors of the uniform AF order in the intermediate
concentration region, which explains the experimental observation of the
magnetic phase transition. The present results suggest that the uniform AF
order may survive even in the presence of the randomly located ferromagnetic
bonds.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure

### Boson Fock representations of stochastic processes

A, classification theory of quantum stationary processes similar to the corresponding theory for classical
stationary processes is presented, Our main result is the classificatio

### Effects of Single-site Anisotropy on Mixed Diamond Chains with Spins 1 and 1/2

Effects of single-site anisotropy on mixed diamond chains with spins 1 and
1/2 are investigated in the ground states and at finite temperatures. There are
phases where the ground state is a spin cluster solid, i.e., an array of
uncorrelated spin-1 clusters separated by singlet dimers. The ground state is
nonmagnetic for the easy-plane anisotropy, while it is paramagnetic for the
easy-axis anisotropy. Also, there are the N\'eel, Haldane, and large-$D$
phases, where the ground state is a single spin cluster of infinite size and
the system is equivalent to the spin-1 Heisenberg chain with alternating
anisotropy. The longitudinal and transverse susceptibilities and entropy are
calculated at finite temperatures in the spin-cluster-solid phases. Their
low-temperature behaviors are sensitive to anisotropy.Comment: 8 pages, 4 figure

### Identification of New Near-Infrared Diffuse Interstellar Bands in the Orion Nebula

Large organic molecules and carbon clusters are basic building blocks of life, but their existence in the universe has not been confirmed beyond doubt. A number of unidentified absorption features (arising in the diffuse interstellar medium), usually called "Diffuse Interstellar Bands" (DIBs), are hypothesized to be produced by large molecules. Among these, buckminsterfullerene C60 has gained much attention as a candidate for DIB absorbers because of its high stability in space. Two DIBs at lambda similar to 9577 angstrom and 9632 angstrom have been reported as possible features of C-60(+). However, it is still not clear how their existence depends on their environment. We obtained high-resolution spectra of three stars in/around the Orion Nebula, to search for any correlations of the DIB strength with carrier's physical conditions, such as dust abundance and UV radiation field. We find three DIBs at lambda similar to 9017 angstrom, 9210 angstrom, and 9258 angstrom as additional C-60(+) feature candidates, which could support this identification. These DIBs have asymmetric profiles similar to the longer wavelength features. However, we also find that the relative strengths of DIBs are close to unity and differ from laboratory measurements, a similar trend as noticed for the 9577/9632 DIBs.ArticleThe Astrophysical Journal. 700:1988-1993 (2009)journal articl

### Interacting Boson Theory of the Magnetization Process of the Spin-1/2 Ferromagnetic-Antiferromagnetic Alternating Heisenberg Chain

The low temperature magnetization process of the
ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain is studied using the
interacting boson approximation. In the low field regime and near the
saturation field, the spin wave excitations are approximated by the $\delta$
function boson gas for which the Bethe ansatz solution is available. The finite
temperature properties are calculated by solving the integral equation
numerically. The comparison is made with Monte Carlo calculation and the limit
of the applicability of the present approximation is discussed.Comment: 4 pages, 7 figure

### Dimer Expansion Study of the Bilayer Square Lattice Frustrated Quantum Heisenberg Antiferromagnet

The ground state of the square lattice bilayer quantum antiferromagnet with
nearest ($J_1$) and next-nearest ($J_2$) neighbour intralayer interaction is
studied by means of the dimer expansion method up to the 6-th order in the
interlayer exchange coupling $J_3$. The phase boundary between the spin-gap
phase and the magnetically ordered phase is determined from the poles of the
biased Pad\'e approximants for the susceptibility and the inverse energy gap
assuming the universality class of the 3-dimensional classical Heisenberg
model. For weak frustration, the critical interlayer coupling decreases
linearly with $\alpha (= J_2/J_1)$. The spin-gap phase persists down to $J_3=0$
(single layer limit) for 0.45 \simleq \alpha \simleq 0.65. The crossover of
the short range order within the disordered phase is also discussed.Comment: 4 pages, 6 figures, One reference adde

### Divergence-free Nonrenormalizable Models

A natural procedure is introduced to replace the traditional, perturbatively
generated counter terms to yield a formulation of covariant, self-interacting,
nonrenormalizable scalar quantum field theories that has the added virtue of
exhibiting a divergence-free perturbation analysis. To achieve this desirable
goal it is necessary to reexamine the meaning of the free theory about which
such a perturbation takes place.Comment: 22 pages. Version accepted for publication; involves modest addition
to the end of Sec.

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