66 research outputs found

    Tracing Star Formation in Cool Core Clusters with GALEX

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    We present recent results from a GALEX investigation of star formation in 16 cooling core clusters of galaxies, selected to span a broad range in both redshift and central cooling time. Initial results demonstrate clear UV excesses in most, but not all, brightest cluster galaxies in our sample. This UV excess is a direct indication of the presence of young massive stars and, therefore, recent star formation. We report on the physical extent of UV emission in these objects as well as their FUV-NUV colors, and compare GALEX inferred star formation rates to central cooling times, H-alpha and IR luminosities for our sample.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures; to appear in proceedings of The Monster's Fiery Breath: Feedback in Galaxies, Groups, and Clusters (AIP conference series

    Chandra Observation of the Interaction of the Radio Source and Cooling Core in Abell 2063

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    We present the results of a Chandra observation of the cooling core cluster Abell 2063. Spectral analysis shows that there is cool gas (2 keV) associated with the cluster core, which is more than a factor of 2 cooler than the outer cluster gas (4.1 keV). There also is spectral evidence for a weak cooling flow, Mdot ~ 20 Msun/yr. The cluster exhibits a complex structure in the center that consists of several bright knots of emission, a depression in the emission to the north of the center of the cluster, and a shell of emission surrounding it. The depression in the X-ray emission is coincident with the position of the north-eastern radio lobe of the radio source associated with the cluster-central galaxy. The shell surrounding this region appears to be hotter, which may be the result of a shock that has been driven into the gas by the radio source. The power output of the radio source appears to be sufficient to offset the cooling flow, and heating of the gas through shocks is a possible explanation of how the energy transfer is established.Comment: Astrophysical Jounal, in press, 26 page with 9 figures, some in color. Uses AASTEX late

    The X-ray Properties of Optically Selected Clusters of Galaxies

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    We present the results of Chandra and Suzaku X-ray observations of nine moderate-redshift (0.16 < z < 0.42) clusters discovered via the Red-sequence Cluster Survey (RCS). Surface brightness profiles are fitted to beta models, gas masses are determined, integrated spectra are extracted within R2500, and X-ray temperatures and luminosities are inferred. The Lx-Tx relationship expected from self-similar evolution is tested by comparing this sample to our previous X-ray investigation of nine high-redshift (0.6 < z < 1.0) optically selected clusters. We find that optically selected clusters are systematically less luminous than X-ray selected clusters of similar X-ray temperature at both moderate and high-z. We are unable to constrain evolution in the Lx-Tx relation with these data, but find it consistent with no evolution, within relatively large uncertainties. To investigate selection effects, we compare the X-ray properties of our sample to those of clusters in the representative X-ray selected REXCESS sample, also determined within R2500. We find that while RCS cluster X-ray properties span the entire range of those of massive clusters selected by other methods, their average X-ray properties are most similar to those of dynamically disturbed X-ray selected clusters. This similarity suggests that the true cluster distribution might contain a higher fraction of disturbed objects than are typically detected in X-ray selected surveys.Comment: 13 pages, 5 figures; accepted for publication in MNRAS. Figure quality reduced to comply with arXiv file size requirement

    Star formation and UV colors of the brightest Cluster Galaxies in the representative XMM-Newton Cluster Structure Survey

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    We present UV broadband photometry and optical emission-line measurements for a sample of 32 Brightest Cluster Galaxies (BCGs) in clusters of the Representative XMM-Newton Cluster Structure Survey (REXCESS) with z = 0.06-0.18. The REXCESS clusters, chosen to study scaling relations in clusters of galaxies, have X-ray measurements of high quality. The trends of star formation and BCG colors with BCG and host properties can be investigated with this sample. The UV photometry comes from the XMM Optical Monitor, supplemented by existing archival GALEX photometry. We detected H\alpha and forbidden line emission in 7 (22%) of these BCGs, in optical spectra. All of the emission-line BCGs occupy clusters classified as cool cores, for an emission-line incidence rate of 70% for BCGs in cool core clusters. Significant correlations between the H\alpha equivalent widths, excess UV production in the BCG, and the presence of dense, X-ray bright intracluster gas with a short cooling time are seen, including the fact that all of the H\alpha emitters inhabit systems with short central cooling times and high central ICM densities. Estimates of the star formation rates based on H\alpha and UV excesses are consistent with each other in these 7 systems, ranging from 0.1-8 solar masses per year. The incidence of emission-line BCGs in the REXCESS sample is intermediate, somewhat lower than in other X-ray selected samples (-35%), and somewhat higher than but statistically consistent with optically selected, slightly lower redshift BCG samples (-10-15%). The UV-optical colors (UVW1-R-4.7\pm0.3) of REXCESS BCGs without strong optical emission lines are consistent with those predicted from templates and observations of ellipticals dominated by old stellar populations. We see no trend in UV-optical colors with optical luminosity, R-K color, X-ray temperature, redshift, or offset between X-ray centroid and X-ray peak ().Comment: 19 pages, 18 figures, 6 tables. Submitted, with minor revisions, to ApJ

    Infrared and Ultraviolet Star Formation in Brightest Cluster Galaxies in the ACCEPT Sample

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    We present IR and UV photometry for a sample of brightest cluster galaxies (BCGs). The BCGs are from a heterogeneous but uniformly characterized sample, the Archive of Chandra Cluster Entropy Profile Tables (ACCEPT), of X-ray galaxy clusters from the Chandra X-ray telescope archive with published gas temperature, density, and entropy profiles. We use archival GALEX, Spitzer, and 2MASS observations to assemble spectral energy distributions (SEDs) and colors for BCGs. We find that while the SEDs of some BCGs follow the expectation of red, dust-free old stellar populations, many exhibit signatures of recent star formation in the form of excess UV or mid-IR emission, or both. We establish a mean near-UV to 2MASS K color of 6.59 \pm 0.34 for quiescent BCGs. We use this mean color to quantify the UV excess associated with star formation in the active BCGs. We use fits to a template of an evolved stellar population and library of starburst models and mid-IR star formation relations to estimate the obscured star formation rates. Many of the BCGs in X-ray clusters with low central gas entropy exhibit enhanced UV (38%) and mid-IR emission (43%), above that expected from an old stellar population. These excesses are consistent with on-going star formation activity in the BCG, star formation that appears to be enabled by the presence of high density, X-ray emitting gas in the the core of the cluster of galaxies. This hot, X-ray emitting gas may provide the enhanced ambient pressure and some of the fuel to trigger the star formation. This result is consistent with previous works that showed that BCGs in clusters with low central gas entropy host H{\alpha} emission-line nebulae and radio sources, while clusters with high central gas entropy exhibit none of these features. UV and mid-IR measurements combined provide a complete picture of unobscured and obscured star formation occurring in these systems.Comment: 81 pages, 14 figures, Accepted for ApJ

    The Gemini Cluster Astrophysics Spectroscopic Survey (GCLASS): The Role of Environment and Self-Regulation in Galaxy Evolution at z ~ 1

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    We evaluate the effects of environment and stellar mass on galaxy properties at 0.85 < z < 1.20 using a 3.6um-selected spectroscopic sample of 797 cluster and field galaxies drawn from the GCLASS survey. We confirm that for galaxies with LogM* > 9.3 the well-known correlations between environment and properties such as star-forming fraction (f_SF), SFR, SSFR, D(4000), and color are already in place at z ~ 1. We separate the effects of environment and stellar mass on galaxies by comparing the properties of star-forming and quiescent galaxies at fixed environment, and fixed stellar mass. The SSFR of star-forming galaxies at fixed environment is correlated with stellar mass; however, at fixed stellar mass it is independent of environment. The same trend exists for the D(4000) measures of both the star-forming and quiescent galaxies and shows that their properties are determined primarily by their stellar mass, not by their environment. Instead, it appears that environment's primary role is to control the fraction of star-forming galaxies. Using the spectra we identify candidate poststarburst galaxies and find that those with 9.3 < LogM* < 10.7 are 3.1 +/- 1.1 times more common in high-density regions compared to low-density regions. The clear association of poststarbursts with high-density regions as well as the lack of a correlation between the SSFRs and D(4000)s of star-forming galaxies with their environment suggests that at z ~ 1 the environmental-quenching timescale must be rapid. Lastly, we construct a simple quenching model which demonstrates that the lack of a correlation between the D(4000) of quiescent galaxies and their environment results naturally if self quenching dominates over environmental quenching at z > 1, or if the evolution of the self-quenching rate mirrors the evolution of the environmental-quenching rate at z > 1, regardless of which dominates.Comment: 26 pages, 15 figures, accepted for publication in Ap

    Long-range angular correlations on the near and away side in p&#8211;Pb collisions at

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    Underlying Event measurements in pp collisions at s=0.9 \sqrt {s} = 0.9 and 7 TeV with the ALICE experiment at the LHC

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