16,979 research outputs found

    Dynamical friction in dwarf galaxies

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    We present a simplified analytic approach to the problem of the spiraling of a massive body orbiting within the dark halo of a dwarf galaxy. This dark halo is treated as the core region of a King distribution of dark matter particles, in consistency with the observational result of dwarf galaxies having solid body rotation curves. Thus we derive a simple formula which provides a reliable and general first order solution to the problem, totally analogous to the one corresponding to the dynamical friction problem in an isothermal halo. This analytic approach allows a clear handling and a transparent understanding of the physics and the scaling of the problem. A comparison with the isothermal case shows that in the core regions of a King sphere, dynamical friction proceeds at a different rate, and is sensitive to the total core radius. Thus, in principle, observable consequences may result. In order to illustrate the possible effects, we apply this formula to the spiraling of globular cluster orbits in dwarf galaxies, and show how present day globular cluster systems could in principle be used to derive better limits on the structure of dark halos around dwarf galaxies, when the observational situation improves. As a second application, we study the way a massive black hole population forming a fraction of these dark halos would gradually concentrate towards the centre, with the consequent deformation of an originally solid body rotation curve. This effect allows us to set limits on the fraction/mass of any massive black hole minority component of the dark halos of dwarf galaxies. In essence, we take advantage of the way the global matter distribution fixes the local distribution function for the dark matter particles, which in turn determines the dynamical friction problem.Comment: 8 pages, 1 figure, Accepted in MNRA

    A Dimensional study of Disk Galaxies

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    We present a highly simplified model of the dynamical structure of a disk galaxy where only two parameters fully determine the solution, mass and angular momentum. We show through simple physical scalings that once the mass has been fixed, the angular momentum parameter \lambda is expected to regulate such critical galactic disk properties as colour, thickness of the disk and disk to bulge ratio. It is hence expected to be the determinant physical ingredient resulting in a given Hubble type. A simple analytic estimate of \lambda for an observed system is provided. An explicit comparison of the distribution of several galactic parameters against both Hubble type and \lambda is performed using observed galaxies. Both such distributions exhibit highly similar characteristics for all galactic properties studied, suggesting \lambda as a physically motivated classification parameter for disk galaxies.Comment: 10 pages including 11 figures, Final version, MNRAS in pres