113 research outputs found

    Thermal Dileptons as Fireball Thermometer and Chronometer

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    Thermal dilepton radiation from the hot fireballs created in high-energy heavy-ion collisions provides unique insights into the properties of the produced medium. We first show how the predictions of hadronic many-body theory for a melting ρ\rho meson, coupled with QGP emission utilizing a modern lattice-QCD based equation of state, yield a quantitative description of dilepton spectra in heavy-ion collisions at the SPS and the RHIC beam energy scan program. We utilize these results to systematically extract the excess yields and their invariant-mass spectral slopes to predict the excitation function of fireball lifetimes and (early) temperatures, respectively. We thereby demonstrate that future measurements of these quantities can yield unprecedented information on basic fireball properties. Specifically, our predictions quantify the relation between the measured and maximal fireball temperatures, and the proportionality of excess yields and total lifetime. This information can serve as a "caloric" curve to search for a first-order QCD phase transition, and to detect non-monotonous lifetime variations possibly related to critical phenomena.Comment: 4 pages 3 figure

    Finite pion width effects on the rho-meson and di-lepton spectra

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    Within a field theoretical model where all damping width effects are treated self-consistently we study the changes of the spectral properties of rho-mesons due to the finite damping width of the pions in dense hadronic matter at finite temperature. The corresponding effects in the di-lepton yields are presented. Some problems concerning the self consistent treatment of vector or gauge bosons are discussed.Comment: Invited talk given at International Workshop "Gross properties of Nuclei and Nuclear Exitations", Hirschegg, Austria, 16-22.01.2000, Latex, 7 page

    Comprehensive Interpretation of Thermal Dileptons at the SPS

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    Employing thermal dilepton rates based on medium-modified electromagnetic correlation functions we show that recent dimuon spectra of the NA60 collaboration in central In-In collisions at the CERN-SPS can be understood in terms of radiation from a hot and dense hadronic medium. Earlier calculated \rho-meson spectral functions, as following from hadronic many-body theory, provide an accurate description of the data up to dimuon invariant masses of about M\simeq 0.9 GeV, with good sensitivity to details of the predicted \rho-meson line shape. This, in particular, identifies baryon-induced effects as the prevalent ones. We show that a reliable description of the \rho contribution opens the possibility to study further medium effects: at higher masses (M \simeq 0.9-1.5 GeV) 4-pion type annihilation is required to account for the experimentally observed excess indicating precursor effects of chiral symmetry restoration (``chiral mixing''), while remaining structures in the \omega and \phi region are suggestive for modifications in their line shapes as well.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, v2: slightly improved estimate of four-pion contributions; accepted for publication in Phys. Rev. Let

    Melting rho Meson and Thermal Dileptons

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    We give a brief survey of theoretical evaluations of light vector mesons in hadronic matter, focusing on results from hadronic many-body theory. We emphasize the importance of imposing model constraints in obtaining reliable results for the in-medium spectral densities. The latter are subsequently applied to the calculation of dilepton spectra in high-energy heavy-ion collisions, with comparisons to recent NA60 data at the CERN-SPS. We discuss aspects of space-time evolution models and the decomposition of the excess spectra into different emission sources.Comment: 3 pages, 4 figures, talk at ISMD06, Paraty, Brazil, 2-9 Sep 2006, to be published in Brazil. Jour. Phy