2,427 research outputs found

    Two-dimensional anyons and the temperature dependence of commutator anomalies

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    The temperature dependence of commutator anomalies is discussed on the explicit example of particular (anyonic) field operators in two dimensions. The correlation functions obtained show that effects of the non-zero temperature might manifest themselves not only globally but also locally.Comment: 11 pages, LaTe

    Entanglement condition via su(2) and su(1,1) algebra using Schr{\"o}dinger-Robertson uncertainty relation

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    The Schr{\"o}dinger-Robertson inequality generally provides a stronger bound on the product of uncertainties for two noncommuting observables than the Heisenberg uncertainty relation, and as such, it can yield a stricter separability condition in conjunction with partial transposition. In this paper, using the Schr{\"o}dinger-Robertson uncertainty relation, the separability condition previously derived from the su(2) and the su(1,1) algebra is made stricter and refined to a form invariant with respect to local phase shifts. Furthermore, a linear optical scheme is proposed to test this invariant separability condition.Comment: published version, 3.5 pages, 1 figur

    Dynamical F(R)F(R) gravities

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    It is offered that F(R)−F(R)-modified gravities can be considered as nonperturbative quantum effects arising from Einstein gravity. It is assumed that nonperturbative quantum effects gives rise to the fact that the connection becomes incompatible with the metric, the metric factors and the square of the connection in Einstein - Hilbert Lagrangian have nonperturbative additions. In the simplest approximation both additions can be considered as functions of one scalar field. The scalar field can be excluded from the Lagrangian obtaining F(R)−F(R)-gravity. The essence of quantum correction to the affine connection as a torsion is discussed.Comment: discussion on quantum corrections is adde

    Spherically Symmetric Solution for Torsion and the Dirac equation in 5D spacetime

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    Torsion in a 5D spacetime is considered. In this case gravitation is defined by the 5D metric and the torsion. It is conjectured that torsion is connected with a spinor field. In this case Dirac's equation becomes the nonlinear Heisenberg equation. It is shown that this equation has a discrete spectrum of solutions with each solution being regular on the whole space and having finite energy. Every solution is concentrated on the Planck region and hence we can say that torsion should play an important role in quantum gravity in the formation of bubbles of spacetime foam. On the basis of the algebraic relation between torsion and the classical spinor field in Einstein-Cartan gravity the geometrical interpretation of the spinor field is considered as ``the square root'' of torsion.Comment: 7 pages, REVTEX, essential changing of tex

    On the statistical theory of turbulence

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    A study is made of the spectrum of isotropic turbulence with the aid of the customary method of Fourier analysis. The spectrum of the turbulent motion is derived to the smallest wave lengths, that is, into the laminar region, and correlation functions and pressure fluctuations are calculated. A comparison with experimental results is included. Finally, an attempt is made to derive the numerical value of a constant characteristic of the energy dissipation in isotropic turbulence

    Unitary equivalence between ordinary intelligent states and generalized intelligent states

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    Ordinary intelligent states (OIS) hold equality in the Heisenberg uncertainty relation involving two noncommuting observables {A, B}, whereas generalized intelligent states (GIS) do so in the more generalized uncertainty relation, the Schrodinger-Robertson inequality. In general, OISs form a subset of GISs. However, if there exists a unitary evolution U that transforms the operators {A, B} to a new pair of operators in a rotation form, it is shown that an arbitrary GIS can be generated by applying the rotation operator U to a certain OIS. In this sense, the set of OISs is unitarily equivalent to the set of GISs. It is the case, for example, with the su(2) and the su(1,1) algebra that have been extensively studied particularly in quantum optics. When these algebras are represented by two bosonic operators (nondegenerate case), or by a single bosonic operator (degenerate case), the rotation, or pseudo-rotation, operator U corresponds to phase shift, beam splitting, or parametric amplification, depending on two observables {A, B}.Comment: published version, 4 page

    Measuring measurement--disturbance relationships with weak values

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    Using formal definitions for measurement precision {\epsilon} and disturbance (measurement backaction) {\eta}, Ozawa [Phys. Rev. A 67, 042105 (2003)] has shown that Heisenberg's claimed relation between these quantities is false in general. Here we show that the quantities introduced by Ozawa can be determined experimentally, using no prior knowledge of the measurement under investigation --- both quantities correspond to the root-mean-squared difference given by a weak-valued probability distribution. We propose a simple three-qubit experiment which would illustrate the failure of Heisenberg's measurement--disturbance relation, and the validity of an alternative relation proposed by Ozawa

    Kinetic energy driven superconductivity, the origin of the Meissner effect, and the reductionist frontier

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    Is superconductivity associated with a lowering or an increase of the kinetic energy of the charge carriers? Conventional BCS theory predicts that the kinetic energy of carriers increases in the transition from the normal to the superconducting state. However, substantial experimental evidence obtained in recent years indicates that in at least some superconductors the opposite occurs. Motivated in part by these experiments many novel mechanisms of superconductivity have recently been proposed where the transition to superconductivity is associated with a lowering of the kinetic energy of the carriers. However none of these proposed unconventional mechanisms explores the fundamental reason for kinetic energy lowering nor its wider implications. Here I propose that kinetic energy lowering is at the root of the Meissner effect, the most fundamental property of superconductors. The physics can be understood at the level of a single electron atom: kinetic energy lowering and enhanced diamagnetic susceptibility are intimately connected. According to the theory of hole superconductivity, superconductors expel negative charge from their interior driven by kinetic energy lowering and in the process expel any magnetic field lines present in their interior. Associated with this we predict the existence of a macroscopic electric field in the interior of superconductors and the existence of macroscopic quantum zero-point motion in the form of a spin current in the ground state of superconductors (spin Meissner effect). In turn, the understanding of the role of kinetic energy lowering in superconductivity suggests a new way to understand the fundamental origin of kinetic energy lowering in quantum mechanics quite generally

    Unitary equivalence between ordinary intelligent states and generalized intelligent states

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    Ordinary intelligent states (OIS) hold equality in the Heisenberg uncertainty relation involving two noncommuting observables {A, B}, whereas generalized intelligent states (GIS) do so in the more generalized uncertainty relation, the Schrodinger-Robertson inequality. In general, OISs form a subset of GISs. However, if there exists a unitary evolution U that transforms the operators {A, B} to a new pair of operators in a rotation form, it is shown that an arbitrary GIS can be generated by applying the rotation operator U to a certain OIS. In this sense, the set of OISs is unitarily equivalent to the set of GISs. It is the case, for example, with the su(2) and the su(1,1) algebra that have been extensively studied particularly in quantum optics. When these algebras are represented by two bosonic operators (nondegenerate case), or by a single bosonic operator (degenerate case), the rotation, or pseudo-rotation, operator U corresponds to phase shift, beam splitting, or parametric amplification, depending on two observables {A, B}.Comment: published version, 4 page
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