2,784 research outputs found

    The Denial of Politics in PRSP’s Monitoring and Evaluation. Experiences From Rwanda

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    The new development paradigm strongly reconfirms and redefines the importance of M&E because of some newly incorporated principles. First, increased value is attached to results-orientation, iterative learning and evidence-based policy-making. Realisation of these principles is conditional upon a strong and well-functioning M&E system. A second major principle is an increased role and responsibility for the national government in elaborating and managing the entire M&E system. At the same time, donors are expected to increasingly rely and align to national M&E systems and arrangements. So far, however, a narrowly confined ‘technocratic’ approach to M&E has been adopted, largely neglecting its institutional and political embeddedness. While the fact that politics are part and parcel of M&E has been acknowledged before in the context of projects and programmes, it seems that when moving to the sectoral and national level (where interests and stakeholders are multiplied) the interaction among ‘politics’ and ‘M&E’ is disregarded. This paper elaborates a conceptual framework that furthers the understanding of the interlinkages among politics and M&E in a context of upwardly moving aid modalities. Bringing in case-study material from Rwanda, it argues that a narrow technocratic approach to M&E risks worsening political constraints and even undermines M&E’s technical soundness. Yet, there exist ways of escaping this downward spiral. ‘Smart’ M&E that acknowledges the institutional and political embeddedness of M&E has the leverage to stimulate public discussion, to bring more ‘sensitive’ issues into the bargaining area, to shift debates on a more factual basis and to eventually open up closed political opportunity structures.

    Budaya Global dalam Industri Budaya: Tinjauan Madzhab Frankfurt Terhadap Iklan, Pop Culture, dan Industri Hiburan

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    Nowadays, we live in the new global economy. Global brand represent a huge portion of our social identity and value. Consumer is the object of entertainment industry. Culture industry has taken over mainstream lifestyle. Global company using mass media (art, advertising, film, radio, television) as their main tool to spread consumptive lifestyle in all over the world. Through advertising and pop culture, consumer feel compelled to buy and use the products even though they see through mass media. Individually or socially, we are part of commercialism culture structure. Horkheimer and Adorno in their book ‘Dialectic of Enlightenment’ develop culture industry concept. Frankfurt School point similarities between industrial and cultural production. Frankfurt School describe the blend between mass culture, advertising and consumption in consumer society. This paper will present media role in building culture structure and how Frankfurt school explain culture industry. Keywords: global culture, Frankfurt School, advertising, pop culture, entertainment industr

    A New Kind of Social Media Strategy: Collecting Zines at the Vassar College Library

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    “Where do we go from here?” One way that the Vassar College Library is answering this question is by making concerted efforts to promote unique or rarely held materials—that is, nurturing collections that will make us stand out from the crowd. With that goal in mind, the Vassar College Library has spent the past year working to create a collection of zines. This article will discuss the importance of social media in the acquisition of zines, using the Vassar College Library’s experience as an example. Zines are DIY, self‐published materials that are a vibrant and creative way to represent diverse points of view in your collection; however, with DIY publications come a host of new collection development and acquisition hurdles to consider. Since zines are produced outside of the purview of for‐profit publishers, librarians cannot rely on our comfortable and well‐established mechanisms to explore and acquire these materials. Using social media to inform collection development can be daunting, but if zines are a medium your library wants to pursue, doing a little bit of networking can go a long way. Readers will learn about the Vassar zine collection development plan, and different ways that we use social media (particularly Twitter) to fulfill our mission. Different online zine distributors (or distros) will also be discussed, as well as the wealth of materials to be found from individual zinesters via avenues typically not utilized by libraries, such as Etsy. The topic of ethical zine acquisitions will also be explored

    Transition from Homeless to Homed

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    Interim Inc focuses on providing permanent supportive housing for adults with psychiatric disabilities and dealing with homelessness. The waitlist for Interim’s properties are extremely long leaving people on the waitlist still homeless. The purpose of the project is to provide informational pamphlets to residents and to people on the waitlist. There are two different pamphlets. One is for residents that need the support in clarification of the programs that Interim offers since there is still confusion among residents. The other pamphlet is full of resources that people can access while still finding themselves homeless. The expected outcome is for both populations to have the support that they need. The results are ongoing and will need long-term help. These vouchers are to be given to new and current residents. The other pamphlet is to be given to people who are on the waitlist, to be displayed on the offices and can also be given to current tenants to share with friends and family that might find themselves homeless. The project did meet the expected outcomes because I know this will make a difference. The next steps for the agency can definitely implement an anonymous questionnaire just as the first step of my project because it gives the power to the residents to feel more welcomed in being honest in what other ways Interim can offer support

    KESESUAIAN ERGONOMI MEJA BELAJAR DENGAN DATA ANTROPOMETRI SISWA DI SEKOLAH DASAR JAKARTA UTARA

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    Analisis kesesuaian ergonomi meja belajar dengan antropometri anak belum banyak diterapkan di sekolah-sekolah dasar di Indonesia, padahal meja belajar yang ergonomis penting untuk kesehatan tulang belakang dalam masa pertumbuhan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi kesesuaian ergonomi meja belajar dengan data antropometri anak sekolah dasar di Jakarta Utara.Penelitian ini dilakukan secara cross sectional dan melibatkan 98 siswa dari kelas 1 sampai 6 SD di sebuah sekolah dasar di Jakarta Utara. Alat ukur yang digunakan adalah pita meteran. Terdapat 100% ketidaksesuaian antara ergonomi meja belajar dengan data antropometri anak sekolah dasar yang dianalisis melalui persentil data antropometri. Panjang meja memiliki rerata presentase ketidaksesuaian terbesar (61.1%) dan presentase ketidaksesuaian panjang meja yang tertinggi terdapat pada kelas 1 (87.3%). Terdapat ketidaksesuaian antara ergonomi meja terhadap antropometri anak sekolah dasar di Jakarta Utara Kata Kunci: ergonomi, antropometri, anak, sekolah dasar  &nbsp

    In Silico Characterization of Protein-Protein Interactions Mediated by Short Linear Motifs

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    Short linear motifs (SLiMs), often found in intrinsically disordered regions (IDPs), can initiate protein-protein interactions in eukaryotes. Although pathogens tend to have less disorder than eukaryotes, their proteins alter host cellular function through molecular mimicry of SLiMs. The first objective was to study sequence-based structure properties of viral SLiMs in the ELM database and the conservation of selected viral motifs involved in the virus life cycle. The second objective was to compare the structural features for SliMs in pathogens and eukaryotes in the ELM database. Our analysis showed that many viral SliMs are not found in IDPs, particularly glycosylation motifs. Moreover, analysis of disorder and secondary structure properties in the same motif from pathogens and eukaryotes shed light on similarities and differences in motif properties between pathogens and their eukaryotic equivalents. Our results indicate that the interaction mechanism may differ between pathogens and their eukaryotic hosts for the same motif
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