1,325 research outputs found

### AC Hopping Magnetotransport Across the Spin Flop Transition in Lightly Doped La_2CuO_4

The weak ferromagnetism present in insulating La_{2}CuO_4 at low doping leads
to a spin flop transition, and to transverse (interplane) hopping of holes in a
strong external magnetic field. This results in a dimensional crossover 2D
$\to$ 3D for the in-plane transport, which in turn leads to an increase of the
hole's localization length and increased conduction. We demonstrate
theoretically that as a consequence of this mechanism, a frequency-dependent
jump of the in-plane ac hopping conductivity occurs at the spin flop
transition. We predict the value and the frequency dependence of the jump.
Experimental studies of this effect would provide important confirmation of the
emerging understanding of lightly doped insulating La_{2-x}Sr_xCuO_4.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figur

### Half-skyrmion picture of single hole doped CuO_2 plane

Based on the Zhang-Rice singlet picture, it is argued that the half-skyrmion
is created by the doped hole in the single hole doped high-T_c cuprates with
N'eel ordering. The spin configuration around the Zhang-Rice singlet, which has
the form of superposition of the two different d-orbital hole spin states, is
studied within the non-linear \sigma model and the CP^1 model. The spin
configurations associated with each hole spin state are obtained, and we find
that the superposition of these spin configuration turns out to be the
half-skyrmion that is characterized by a half of the topological charge. The
excitation spectrum of the half-skyrmion is obtained by making use of Lorentz
invariance of the effective theory and is qualitatively in good agreement with
angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy on the parent compunds. Estimated
values of the parameters contained in the excitation spectrum are in good
agreement with experimentally obtained values. The half-skyrmion theory
suggests a picture for the difference between the hole doped compounds and the
electron doped compounds.Comment: 13 pages, 2 figures, to be published in Phys. Rev.

### Generalized constraints on quantum amplification

We derive quantum constraints on the minimal amount of noise added in linear
amplification involving input or output signals whose component operators do
not necessarily have c-number commutators, as is the case for fermion currents.
This is a generalization of constraints derived for the amplification of
bosonic fields whose components posses c-number commutators.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figure, submitted to Physical Review Letter

### Microscopic theories for cubic and tetrahedral superconductors: application to PrOs_4Sb_{12}

We examine weak-coupling theory for unconventional superconducting states of
cubic or tetrahedral symmetry for arbitrary order parameters and Fermi surfaces
and identify the stable states in zero applied field. We further examine the
possibility of having multiple superconducting transitions arising from the
weak breaking of a higher symmetry group to cubic or tetrahedral symmetry.
Specifically, we consider two higher symmetry groups. The first is a weak
crystal field theory in which the spin-singlet Cooper pairs have an approximate
spherical symmetry. The second is a weak spin orbit coupling theory for which
spin-triplet Cooper pairs have a cubic orbital symmetry and an approximate
spherical spin rotational symmetry. In hexagonal UPt_3, these theories easily
give rise to multiple transitions. However, we find that for cubic materials,
there is only one case in which two superconducting transitions occur within
weak coupling theory. This sequence of transitions does not agree with the
observed properties of PrOs_4Sb_{12}. Consequently, we find that to explain two
transitions in PrOs_4Sb_{12} using approximate higher symmetry groups requires
a strong coupling theory. In view of this, we finally consider a weak coupling
theory for which two singlet representations have accidentally nearly
degenerate transition temperatures (not due to any approximate symmetries). We
provide an example of such a theory that agrees with the observed properties of
PrOs_4Sb_{12}.Comment: 11 pages,1 figur

### Partial spin freezing in the quasi-two-dimensional La2(Cu,Li)O4

In conventional spin glasses, the magnetic interaction is not strongly
anisotropic and the entire spin system freezes at low temperature. In
La2(Cu,Li)O4, for which the in-plane exchange interaction dominates the
interplane one, only a fraction of spins with antiferromagnetic correlations
extending to neighboring planes become spin-glass. The remaining spins with
only in-plane antiferromagnetic correlations remain spin-liquid at low
temperature. Such a novel partial spin freezing out of a spin-liquid observed
in this cold neutron scattering study is likely due to a delicate balance
between disorder and quantum fluctuations in the quasi-two dimensional S=1/2
Heisenberg system.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

### Field-induced coupled superconductivity and spin density wave order in the Heavy Fermion compound CeCoIn5

The high field superconducting state in CeCoIn5 has been studied by
transverse field muon spin rotation measurements with an applied field parallel
to the crystallographic c-axis close to the upper critical field Hc2 = 4.97 T.
At magnetic fields >= 4.8 T the muon Knight shift is enhanced and the
superconducting transition changes from second order towards first order as
predicted for Pauli-limited superconductors. The field and temperature
dependence of the transverse muon spin relaxation rate sigma reveal
paramagnetic spin fluctuations in the field regime from 2 T < H < 4.8 T. In the
normal state close to Hc2 correlated spin fluctuations as described by the self
consistent renormalization theory are observed. The results support the
formation of a mode-coupled superconducting and antiferromagnetically ordered
phase in CeCoIn5 for H directed parallel to the c-axis.Comment: 5 paes, 4 figure

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