478 research outputs found

    Scanning microSQUID Force Microscope

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    A novel scanning probe technique is presented: Scanning microSQUID Force microscopy (SSFM). The instrument features independent topographic and magnetic imaging. The SSFM operates in a dilution refrigerator in cryogenic vacuum. Sample and probe can be cooled to 0.45 K. The probe consists of a microSQUID placed at the edge of a silicon chip attached to a quartz tuning fork. A topographic vertical resolution of 0.02 micrometer is demonstrated and magnetic flux as weak as 10‚ąí3ő¶010^{-3} \Phi_{0} is resolved with a 1 micrometer diameter microSQUID loop.Comment: submitted to Review of Scientific Instrument

    Measurement of the Current-Phase Relation in Josephson Junctions Rhombi Chains

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    We present low temperature transport measurements in one dimensional Josephson junctions rhombi chains. We have measured the current phase relation of a chain of 8 rhombi. The junctions are either in the classical phase regime with the Josephson energy much larger than the charging energy, EJ‚ČęECE_{J}\gg E_{C}, or in the quantum phase regime where EJ/EC‚Čą2E_{J}/E_{C}\approx 2. In the strong Josephson coupling regime (EJ‚ČęEC‚ČękBTE_{J}\gg E_{C} \gg k_{B}T) we observe a sawtooth-like supercurrent as a function of the phase difference over the chain. The period of the supercurrent oscillations changes abruptly from one flux quantum ő¶0\Phi_{0} to half the flux quantum ő¶0/2\Phi_{0}/2 as the rhombi are tuned in the vicinity of full frustration. The main observed features can be understood from the complex energy ground state of the chain. For EJ/EC‚Čą2E_{J}/E_{C}\approx 2 we do observe a dramatic suppression and rounding of the switching current dependence which we found to be consistent with the model developed by Matveev et al.(Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf 89}, 096802(2002)) for long Josephson junctions chains.Comment: to appear in Phys. Rev.

    Observation of two species of vortices in the anisotropic spin-triplet superconductor Sr2RuO4Sr_2 Ru O_4

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    Magnetic flux structures in single crystals of the layered spin triplet superconductor Sr_2\_{2}RuO_4\_{4} are studied by scanning micro SQUID Force microscopy. Vortex chains appear as the applied field is tilted along the in-plane direction of the superconductor. The vortex chains align along the direction of the in-plane component of the applied magnetic field. The decoration of in-plane vortices by crossing Abrikosov vortices is observed: two vortex orientations are apparent simultaneously, one along the layers and the other perpendicular to the layers. The crossing vortices appear preferentially on the in-plane vortices

    Magnetism of Superconducting UPt3

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    The phase diagram of superconducting U‚ÄČ‚Ā£Pt3U\!Pt_{3} in pressure-temperature plane, together with the neutron scattering data is studied within a two component superconducting order parameter scenario. In order to give a qualitative explanation to the experimental data a set of two linearly independent antiferromagnetic moments which emerge appropriately at the temperature \mbox{TN‚ąľ10‚čÖTcT_{N}\sim 10\cdot T_{c}} and \mbox{Tm‚ąľTcT_{m}\sim T_{c}} and couple to superconductivity is proposed. Several constraints on the fourth order coefficients in the Ginzburg-Landau free energy are obtained.Comment: 17 pages, figures available on request to [email protected]

    MicroSQUID Force microscopy in a dilution refrigerator

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    We present a new generation of a scanning MicroSQUID microscope operating in an inverted dilution refrigerator. The MicroSQUIDs have a size of 1.21$ \ \mum\textsuperscript{2} and a magnetic flux sensitivity of 120 \mu\Phi_{0} / \sqrt{\textrm{Hz}}andthusafieldsensitivityof and thus a field sensitivity of %550^{-6} \ \Phi_{0} / \sqrt{\textrm{Hz}}550 550 \ \mu \textrm{G}/ \sqrt{\textrm{Hz}}.Thescanrangeatlowtemperaturesisabout80. The scan range at low temperatures is about 80 \mu$m and a coarse displacement of 5 mm in x and y direction has been implemented. The MicroSQUID-to-sample distance is regulated using a tuning fork based force detection. A MicroSQUID-to-sample distance of 420 nm has been obtained. The reliable knowledge of this distance is necessary to obtain a trustworthy estimate of the absolute value of the superconducting penetration depth. An outlook will be given on the ongoing direction of development

    Visualization by scanning SQUID microscopy of the intermediate state in the superconducting Dirac semimetal PdTe2{}_2

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    The Dirac semimetal PdTe2{}_2 becomes superconducting at a temperature Tc=1.6T_{c}=1.6~K. Thermodynamic and muon spin rotation experiments support type-I superconductivity, which is unusual for a binary compound. A key property of a type-I superconductor is the intermediate state which presents a coexistence of superconducting and normal domains (flux structures) at magnetic fields lower than the thermodynamic critical field HcH_{c}. By means of scanning SQUID microscopy (SSM) we observe flux structures in the superconducting state of PdTe2{}_2. The flux structures are strongly history dependent with a transition from round shapes to laminar shapes as the magnetic field is more and more increased. The field amplitudes measured at the surface are indicative for the presence of Landau branching. The domain wall width in the intermediate state has been determined.Comment: 8 pages 5 figure

    Silicon Superconducting Quantum Interference Device

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    We have studied a Superconducting Quantum Interference SQUID device made from a single layer thin film of superconducting silicon. The superconducting layer is obtained by heavily doping a silicon wafer with boron atoms using the Gas Immersion Laser Doping (GILD) technique. The SQUID device is composed of two nano-bridges (Dayem bridges) in a loop and shows magnetic flux modulation at low temperature and low magnetic field. The overall behavior shows very good agreement with numerical simulations based on the Ginzburg-Landau equations.Comment: Published in Applied Physics Letters (August 2015

    Density of States and NMR Relaxation Rate in Anisotropic Superconductivity with Intersecting Line Nodes

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    We show that the density of states in an anisotropic superconductor with intersecting line nodes in the gap function is proportional to Elog(őĪőĒ0/E)E log (\alpha \Delta_0 /E) for ‚ą£E‚ą£<<őĒ0|E| << \Delta_0, where őĒ0\Delta_0 is the maximum value of the gap function and őĪ\alpha is constant, while it is proportional to EE if the line nodes do not intersect. As a result, a logarithmic correction appears in the temperature dependence of the NMR relaxation rate and the specific heat, which can be observed experimentally. By comparing with those for the heavy fermion superconductors, we can obtain information about the symmetry of the gap function.Comment: 7 pages, 4 PostScript Figures, LaTeX, to appear in J. Phys. Soc. Jp
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