87 research outputs found

    HiPHET: A Hybrid Approach to Translate Code Mixed Language (Hinglish) to Pure Languages (Hindi and English)

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    Bilingual code mixed (hybrid) languages has become very popular in India as a result of the spread of Western technology in the form of the television, the Internet and social media. Due to this increase in usage of code-mixed languages in day-to-day communication, the need for maintaining the integrity of Indian languages has arisen. As a result of this need the tool named Hinglish to Pure Hindi and English Translator was developed. The tool translated in three ways, namely, Hinglish to Pure Hindi and Pure English, Pure Hindi to Pure English and vice versa. The tool has achieved accuracy of 91% in giving Hindi sentences as output and of 84% in giving English sentences as output, where the input sentences were in Hinglish. The tool has also been compared with another similar tool in the paper

    Chlamydia pneumoniae heat shock protein 60 is associated with apoptotic signaling pathway in human atheromatous plaques of coronary artery disease patients

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    SummaryBackgroundChlamydia pneumoniae heat shock protein (HSP) 60 is known to contribute to the activation of inflammation. In addition, there are contradictory reports on C. pneumoniae and their role in activation of pathways (apoptotic/antiapoptotic/necrosis) in coronary artery disease (CAD). Hence, more studies are required to know the actual role of C. pneumoniae in activation of apoptotic/antiapoptotic/necrosis pathways.Methods and resultsIn this study, two sets of patient groups (cHSP60 positive and cHSP60 negative) were included and gene expression was studied by cDNA micro array and real time polymerase chain reaction arrays. Expression of Caspase-3, 8, 9, c-FLIP, PPAR-γ, PGC-1α, and Gsk-3b were also evaluated at protein level by immunoblotting. In cHSP60 positive CAD patients significantly higher (p<0.001) mRNA expression was found for CCL4, CXCL4, CXCL9, IL-8, CD40LG, CD8, TGFβ1, TGFβ2, APOE, EGR1, CTGF, APOB, LDLR, LPA, and LPL, whereas significantly lower (p<0.001) mRNA expression was detected for CD4, IL1F10, IFNA2, and IL-10 as compared to cHSP60 negative CAD patients. Additionally, at protein level expression of Caspase-3 (p=0.027), 8 (p=0.028), and 9 (p=0.037) were higher and c-FLIP (p=0.028) and PPAR-γ (p=0.95) expression were comparable in cHSP60 positive CAD patients compared to cHSP60 negative CAD patients.ConclusionGenes/proteins of pre-apoptotic caspase dependent/independent pathways, chemokines, and inflammatory cytokines receptors were significantly up-regulated in human atheromatous plaques of cHSP60 positive CAD patients suggesting an association of cHSP60 with CAD

    Cone beam computed tomography: An accurate imaging technique in comparison with orthogonal portal imaging in intensity-modulated radiotherapy for prostate cancer

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    Purpose: Various factors cause geometric uncertainties during prostate radiotherapy, including interfractional and intrafractional patient motions, organ motion, and daily setup errors. This may lead to increased normal tissue complications when a high dose to the prostate is administered. More-accurate treatment delivery is possible with daily imaging and localization of the prostate. This study aims to measure the shift of the prostate by using kilovoltage (kV) cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) after position verification by kV orthogonal portal imaging (OPI).Methods: Position verification in 10 patients with prostate cancer was performed by using OPI followed by CBCT before treatment delivery in 25 sessions per patient. In each session, OPI was performed by using an on-board imaging (OBI) system and pelvic bone-to-pelvic bone matching was performed. After applying the noted shift by using OPI, CBCT was performed by using the OBI system and prostate-to-prostate matching was performed. The isocenter shifts along all three translational directions in both techniques were combined into a three-dimensional (3-D) iso-displacement vector (IDV).Results: The mean (SD) IDV (in centimeters) calculated during the 250 imaging sessions was 0.931 (0.598, median 0.825) for OPI and 0.515 (336, median 0.43) for CBCT, p-value was less than 0.0001 which shows extremely statistical significant difference.Conclusion: Even after bone-to-bone matching by using OPI, a significant shift in prostate was observed on CBCT. This study concludes that imaging with CBCT provides a more accurate prostate localization than the OPI technique. Hence, CBCT should be chosen as the preferred imaging technique

    Cone beam computed tomography: An accurate imaging technique in comparison with orthogonal portal imaging in intensity-modulated radiotherapy for prostate cancer

    Get PDF
    Purpose: Various factors cause geometric uncertainties during prostate radiotherapy, including interfractional and intrafractional patient motions, organ motion, and daily setup errors. This may lead to increased normal tissue complications when a high dose to the prostate is administered. More-accurate treatment delivery is possible with daily imaging and localization of the prostate. This study aims to measure the shift of the prostate by using kilovoltage (kV) cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) after position verification by kV orthogonal portal imaging (OPI).Methods: Position verification in 10 patients with prostate cancer was performed by using OPI followed by CBCT before treatment delivery in 25 sessions per patient. In each session, OPI was performed by using an on-board imaging (OBI) system and pelvic bone-to-pelvic bone matching was performed. After applying the noted shift by using OPI, CBCT was performed by using the OBI system and prostate-to-prostate matching was performed. The isocenter shifts along all three translational directions in both techniques were combined into a three-dimensional (3-D) iso-displacement vector (IDV).Results: The mean (SD) IDV (in centimeters) calculated during the 250 imaging sessions was 0.931 (0.598, median 0.825) for OPI and 0.515 (336, median 0.43) for CBCT, p-value was less than 0.0001 which shows extremely statistical significant difference.Conclusion: Even after bone-to-bone matching by using OPI, a significant shift in prostate was observed on CBCT. This study concludes that imaging with CBCT provides a more accurate prostate localization than the OPI technique. Hence, CBCT should be chosen as the preferred imaging technique.</p
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