38 research outputs found

    Feedback and Feedforward as a Dialogic Communication in the Learning Environment

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    Feedback concept in education is broad and covers several functionalities. The aim of this essay is to open up feedback and feed-forward concept as a process of dialogic communication both on individual level and in (educational) organization. While feedback provides information retrospectively (how has it been?), feed-forward would guide the future progress. While approaching the feedback from the point of view of dialogic communication, this study proposes different aspects of the feedback addressee and feedback provider could negotiate in order to make the feedback satisfying for both sides: number of aspects, time, generalization, and—whose task is to “interpret” feedback to feed-forward. The essay opens up the complexity of feedback and feed-forward asking/giving/receiving from the point of view of interpersonal as well as organizational communication. While approaching feedback giving and receiving as interpersonal communication it might include “noise”—unintended and sometimes spontaneous messages. The essay includes illustrative examples from the daily communication practice concerning the complexity of giving analytical descriptive feedback. On organizational level, the essay suggests to consider carefully the purpose of the feedback, the data collection methods and how the organization can make use of the data

    Cost effectiveness of journalism education in a small nation state

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    The article discusses the role of journalism as a discipline in a small nation state and provides analysis of the economic factors that influence the journalism programs. The article discusses some of the economic aspects of journalism education at the academic university and provides a case study on the basis of the two programs provided by the University of Tartu: Bachelor (BA) and Master’s (MA) programs. The curricula are held by the Institute of Journalism and Communication. Keywords: journalism curriculum, education, cost, small market. p

    REPRESENTATION OF DEATH CULTURE IN THE ESTONIAN PRESS

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    Death is an omnipresent part of daily life, and evokes both personal and public reactions. In contemporary mediated society we might have less personal experience of grief, but we get daily information about the death from the (news) media. On the one hand, the orientation on youth, health, happiness, success, strength, and growth marks death as failure, loss or error, not as a normal ending to all that lives. This situation is described as lack of death culture as it was known before the era of antibiotics and chemical weapons. On the other hand, death actually appears regularly in a variety of forms in the mass media. However, the way journalism covers death and grief is influenced by a specific discourse of journalism: mediated information is selected, framed, and presented in a certain conventional form. The aim of the present study is to analyse the representation of death in Estonian daily newspapers in 2010. In order to map the wide spectrum of death coverage in our everyday news, a flow a seven-scale analysis model was created. The model is on the one hand based on news factors and newsworthiness, on the other hand its aim is to capture the specific nature of death: inevitable, unexpected, final, violent, etc

    Revisiting National Journalism Cultures in Post-Communist Countries: The Influence of Academic Scholarship

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    The aim of this exploratory study is to develop the concept of the actor approach and journalism culture by adding a factor that has been more or less overlooked: academic scholarship. The paper also proposes to use the concept “discursive institutionalism” in order to clarify what knowledge and opinions about media are formed in the interaction of media institutions and academia with other institutions in society (e.g. educational, political and judicial). The concept “discursive institutionalism” includes the role of academia in providing new knowledge by conducting and disseminating research on the national and international levels, and this deserves greater attention. Although it is a common understanding that the role of academia is to prepare young professionals, it is less discussed how national media research and journalism education, in synergy, can create and maintain a collective understanding regarding the role and performance of national journalism in turbulent times. The paper is a meta-analysis of published research, and the empirical part of the study includes a close reading of academic articles, reports and conference presentations that are available in English about media in Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries. Examples of research from selected CEE countries provide a descriptive view of problems and tendencies concerning media performance in these countries. The proposed analytical approach aims to connect these problems and provide ideas for further research

    Journalists in Estonia

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    The Curving Mirror of Time

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    This volume attempts to create a ‘relief map’ of temporalities in Estonian newspapers over different periods of time. The special focus is on binding the empirical analysis to the theoretical and methodological discussions of the temporality of news(paper) culture. The authors of the articles ask to what extent newspapers report on the past and present and to what extent these reports refer to the future. A diachronic analysis of newspaper texts from different periods of time demonstrates that the temporal focus of newspapers changes over time: in some periods, the past receives remarkably more attention, while in other periods the news timeframe is biased towards current events and the future. One study asks how similar, or different, is the (re)construction of the past in Estonian daily newspapers published in Estonian and Russian in 1994 and 2009. Two articles focus on analysis of the links between social remembering and anniversary journalism. Another article provides an overview of the depiction of women in Estonian newspapers and magazines from 1848 to 1940. This collection revitalizes the study of time in news discourse, suggesting new methodological perspectives and developing interdisciplinary approaches in cultural theory

    The Curving Mirror of Time

    Get PDF
    This volume attempts to create a ‘relief map’ of temporalities in Estonian newspapers over different periods of time. The special focus is on binding the empirical analysis to the theoretical and methodological discussions of the temporality of news(paper) culture. The authors of the articles ask to what extent newspapers report on the past and present and to what extent these reports refer to the future. A diachronic analysis of newspaper texts from different periods of time demonstrates that the temporal focus of newspapers changes over time: in some periods, the past receives remarkably more attention, while in other periods the news timeframe is biased towards current events and the future. One study asks how similar, or different, is the (re)construction of the past in Estonian daily newspapers published in Estonian and Russian in 1994 and 2009. Two articles focus on analysis of the links between social remembering and anniversary journalism. Another article provides an overview of the depiction of women in Estonian newspapers and magazines from 1848 to 1940. This collection revitalizes the study of time in news discourse, suggesting new methodological perspectives and developing interdisciplinary approaches in cultural theory

    Journalists in Estonia

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    Õpetajate arusaamad vÀÀrtustele keskenduvast dialoogilisest kommunikatsioonist mitmekultuurilises Ă”pikeskkonnas

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    See uurimus analĂŒĂŒsib Eesti Ă”petaja arusaamu vÀÀrtustele keskenduvast dialoogilisest kommunikatsioonist (VKDK) mitmekultuurilises Ă”pikeskkonnas, keskendudes kĂŒsimusele, milliseid VKDK olukordi ja vajadusi mĂ€rkavad mitmekultuurilise Ă”pikeskkonna kogemusega Ă”petajad. Kultuuridevahelisi vÀÀrtusi puudutavad arutelud eeldavad vastastikust kuulamist ja mĂ”istmist, mistĂ”ttu lĂ€htub siinne uurimus teoreetiliselt dialoogilise kommunikatsiooni kontseptsioonist. Samast kontseptsioonist lĂ€htub ka Tartu Ülikooli eetikakeskusese Ă”pilaste mĂ€ng "VÀÀrtuste avastajad", mille lisapakett on suunatud kultuuriliste vÀÀrtuste alaste arutelude algatamiseks ja juhtimiseks. Õpetajate arusaamu ja praktilisi kogemusi koguti poolstruktureeritud intervjuude kaudu. Valimi moodustavad ĂŒheksa TÜ eetikakeskuse ja Eesti Pagulasabi pagulus ja -rĂ€ndeteemalises projektis osalenud Ă”petajat, kelle kogemuste refleksioon vaatleb nii VKDK praktikaid kui ka Ă”pilaste mĂ€ngu  kasutamisel ilmnenud vĂ”imalusi ja piiranguid.  Summar

    AineĂŒlesed eesmĂ€rgid Ă”ppe- ja kasvatustöö kavandamisel, lĂ€biviimisel ja tagasisidestamisel

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    KĂ€esolev TÜ haridusuuringute ja Ă”ppekavaarenduse keskuse projekti “LĂ€bivate teemade aineĂ”ppes rakendamise metoodika” tĂ€itjate koostatud tekst on mĂ”eldud toeks pĂ”hikooli ja gĂŒmnaasiumi riikliku Ă”ppekava arendustöös. Tekst on vahekokkuvĂ”te senises Ă”ppekavatöös ainealaste eesmĂ€rkide alal tehtust, mille eesmĂ€rk on: - selgitada aineĂŒleste eesmĂ€rkide, sh lĂ€bivate teemade kui nende kandjate rolli ja vajalikkust (nii riiklikus kui kooli) Ă”ppekavas; - selgitada, kuidas aineĂŒlesed eesmĂ€rgid vĂ”ivad riikliku ja kooli Ă”ppekava tasandil toetada Ă”ppeainete omavaheliste ning aineĂ”petuse ja klassivĂ€liste tegevuste vaheliste sĂŒnergiapotentsiaalide Ă€rakasutamist; - anda soovitusi edaspidiseks
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