202 research outputs found

    COVID-19 and the City: A Healthy City Strategy for Pandemic Challenges, from Planning to Action

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    COVID-19 is a respiratory disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a new coronavirus discovered in 2019. WHO declared COVID-19 is a respiratory disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 as a pandemic that the detection level of cases changed daily, and it can track almost in real-time. This paper used a narrative literature review to address issues of urban quality and lack of exercise. The specific aim was to discuss the concept of a healthy city, indicate a new urban model, and advocate for the increased use of bicycles, outdoor gym/outdoor exercise, walking to reducing pollution, and improving physical, psychological, and social fitness. A healthy city can improve residents’ health by improving conditions of life to face COVID-19 pandemics. It needs the local capacity to prevent the spread of the diseases and design public health concepts concerning the built environment and contemporary towns in a new urban model. Dialogue opportunities in public health can provide essential guidance for designers (architects and town planners), decision-makers, public health experts, and health agencies locally, promoting the actions and policies to transform the city into a healthier neighborhood and salutogenesis

    Hubungan Faktor Pejamu terhadap Kejadian Tuberkulosis Paru : Literatur Review

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    Tuberkulosis (TB) adalah penyakit menular yang merupakan penyebab utama kesehatan yang buruk dan salah satu penyebab utama kematian di seluruh dunia. Angka kejadian TB di Indonesia menduduki urutan kedua tertinggi di dunia. Penularan TB dapat disebabkan karena perilaku yang kurang seperti tidak menutup mulut saat batuk, bersin, berbicara, meludah, atau mengeluarkan dahak secara sembarangan, sehingga mereka memercikkan kuman TB atau bacilli ke udara. Tujuan dari studi ini untuk mengetahui hubungan faktor pejamu terhadap kejadian tuberkulosis paru. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode literatur review. Database artikel yang digunakan berasal dari Crossref, Google Scholar, Semantic Scholar dan Pubmed. Artikel penelitian dipilih dari tahun 2016-2022. Sampel dari penelitian ini didapatkan 11 artikel terkait factor pejamu terhadap kejadian tuberculosis paru. Variabel yang berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap kejadian tuberkulosis yaitu variabel umur sebanyak 3 artikel, variabel jenis kelamin sebanyak 2 artikel, variabel pengetahuan 4 artikel, variabel sikap sebanyak 2 artikel, dan variabel perilaku sebanyak 5 artikel. Peneliti berharap hasil penelitian ini dapat dijadikan sebagai rujukan dalam peningkatan pelayanan keperawatan sehingga dapat dilakukan pencegahan terlebih dini

    BERBAGAI METODE INTERVENSI UNTUK PENGENDALIAN VEKTOR MALARIA: NARATIF REVIEW

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    Pendahuluan: Pengendalian vektor malaria merupakan strategi yang penting dalam upaya pengendalian dan eliminasi malaria karena sangat efektif dalam mencegah infeksi dan mengurangi penularan penyakit. Terdapat dua metode intervensi yang utama dalam pengendalian vektor malaria yaitu Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) dan Insecticide-Treated Nets (ITNs). Meskipun demikian, beberapa intervensi lain juga terus dikembangkan untuk pengendalian vektor malaria. Melihat hal tersebut maka peneliti tertarik untuk melakukan studi literatur review tentang “Berbagai Metode Intervensi untuk Pengendalian Vektor Malaria:  A Narrative Review”. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk melihat gambaran berbagai metode intervensi untuk pengendalian malaria. Metode: Metode penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif observasional dengan menggunakan desain literature review dengan pendekatan naratif review. Dimana ulasan, rangkuman, dan pemikiran dari beberapa sumber pustaka dibahas sesuai topik yang ditentukan, rentang waktu artikel yang dipilih dalam studi ini adalah 5 tahun terakhir. Artikel yang dipilih berdasarkan beberapa kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi yang ditetapkan oleh peneliti. Hasil dan Pembahasan: Dari artikel yang telah ditetapkan peneliti tentang berbagai metode intervensi untuk pengendalian vektor malaria sehingga diperoleh 21 artikel yang digunakan dalam studi ini. Dari 21 artikel tersebut diperoleh 8 artikel membahas tentang pengedalian vektor malaria dengan metode IRS, 4 artikel membahas metode LLINs, 4 artikel membahas metode larvasida, 4 artikel membahas metode ITNs dan 8 artikel membahas berbagai metode lainnya.. Kesimpulan: Adanya resistensi yang merupakan dampak akibat penggunaan insektisida pada beberapa intervensi dapat mengancam keberhasilan program pencegahan malaria sehingga perlu dikembangkan dan diteliti lebih lanjut guna memperoleh intervensi yang tepat dalam upaya pengendalian vektor malaria

    Analysis of Diabetes Mellitus Determinants in Indonesia: A Study from the Indonesian Basic Health Research 2013

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    Background: diabetes mellitus is a silent-killer. Its prevalence and impact on health expenses increase from year to year. This study aims to investigate the characteristics and the risk factors that affect  diabetes mellitus in Indonesia.Methods: this is a cross sectional study. Data were obtained from the Basic Health Research (RISKESDAS) in 2013. The samples were individuals aged ≥15 years, whose fasting blood glucose and 2 hours blood glucose after the imposition have been measured. 38.052 individuals were selected for this study. The variables of age, sex, marital status, level of education, employment status, living area, regional status, hypertension, obesity, smoking habit, and dyslipidemia are analyzed as risk factors for diabetes mellitus. Bivariate analysis was using chi-square test with significance level of p55 years (OR=5.10; 95%CI 4.42 to 5.89; p<0.001), female (OR=1.37; 95%CI 1.26 to 1.49; p<0.001), rural (OR=1.16; 95%CI 1.08 to 1.26; p<0.001), married (OR=1.31; 95%CI 1.07 to 1.58; p<0.05), unemployed (OR=1.14; 96%CI 1.05 to 1.23; p<0.05), obesity (OR=1.46; 95%CI 1.35 to 1.58; p<0.001), hypertension (OR=1.68; 95%CI 1.55 to 1.81; p<0.001) and dyslipidemia (OR=1.53; 95%CI 1.39- 1.68; P<0.001).Conclusion: as many as 13% of individuals have diabetes mellitus in 2013. Age, gender, living area, employment status, obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia are the contributing factors to diabetes mellitus

    Analysis of COVID-19 Prevention Behavior in Diabetes Mellitus Patients: A Literature Review

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    The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a new human-infected coronavirus causing respiratory problems. The COVID-19 can affect people of all ages, but those with a record of chronic disease (comorbidity) are at higher risk of poor outcomes with the COVID-19. This study aimed to review COVID-19 preventative behavior in diabetes patients. Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is one of the comorbidities that aggravates COVID-19 in patients. Such patients are at risk of deteriorating critical conditions in the intensive care units (ICUs) and even death. Prevention is the best measure to avoid COVID-19, although it is currently considered adequate. This article reviewed 22 papers focusing on COVID-19, DM, COVID-19 in DM patients, COVID-19 preventive behavior, and COVID-19 knowledge, attitude, and practice in patients with chronic disease, while primary focusing on DM. It is revealed that diabetes patients at high risk of COVID19 need to practice good preventive behaviors. Furthermore, it emphasizes that improving knowledge, encouraging positive attitudes, and implementing good COVID-19 preventive behaviors in DM patients requires education and access to the COVID-19 related health information

    Taksiran Berat Janin Berdasarkan Analisis Perilaku, Dukungan Keluarga dan Sarana

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    This study aims to analyze pregnant women's behavior, family support, and facilities on the estimated fetal weight in Kepahiang District. The research method used is descriptive-analytic research with a cross-sectional approach. The sampling process used the purposive sampling technique. The results showed that the majority of respondents with a good level of knowledge consisted of 54 people (64.3%); 47 respondents had a negative attitude (56%); respondents with sufficient action are 37 people (44.0%); respondents who received good family support were 54 people (64.3%); 60 respondents use public transportation to health services (71.4%); and respondents who had an abnormal estimated fetal weight (TBJ) were 61 people (72.6%). In conclusion, the attitude variable was the dominant factor in the incidence of estimated fetal weight in the Kepahiang Regency in 2021. Keywords: Family Support, Pregnant Women, Behavior, Means, Estimated Fetal Weigh

    Entomopathogenic Fungi from South Sumatra (Indonesia) Pathogenicity to Egg, Larvae, and Adult of Aedes aegypti

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    Fungi from South Sumatra (Indonesia) were identified morphologically and molecularly, and their pathogenicity to egg, larvae, and adult Aedes aegypti was evaluated. The fungal isolates used for bioassay were 11 isolates from this study and 4 isolates from the laboratory collection. Fifteen isolates of five fungal species (Metarhizium anisopliae, Penicillium citrinum, Talaromyces diversus, Beauveria bassiana, and Purpureocillium lilacinum) from South Sumatra, Indonesia, were pathogenic to the egg, larvae, and adult of Ae. aegypti. Egg mortality caused by M. anisopliae isolate MSwTp3 was the highest (38.31%). A novel finding of this study was that the eggs exposed to the fungus not only killed the eggs but could continue to kill the emerging larvae, pupae, and adults. The five fungal species induced larval mortality between 52.22−94.44% and adult mortality between 50.00−92.22%. Fungal strains belonging to M. anisopliae, P. citrinum, T. diversus, and B. bassiana from South Sumatra seem to possess remarkable ovicidal, larvicidal and adulticidal activity against Ae. aegypti. M. anisopliae, P. citrinum, T. diversus, and B. bassiana had the potential as entomopathogens to be developed into ovicides, larvicides, and adulticides for controlling Ae. aegypti

    Ergonomic Risk Factors During Typing and Its Association with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (Cts)

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    Background : Typing activity can become a risk factor of CTS if it\u27s done intensely especially without minding about the ergonomic aspects. Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a health problem caused by pressure in nervus medianus through the carpal tunnel. This study aimed to find the association between ergonomic risk factor (posture of hand, duration, force and frequency) during typing with the occurrence of CTS in newspaper employees. Methods : Used quantitative study with cross sectional design conducted to 50 employees of Harian Pagi Sumatera Ekspress as population. Data was gatherer by interview, observation and also undertaken Tinnel\u27s test, Phalen\u27s test and Finkelstein test to support the diagnosis of CTS. Data was processed by using SPSS program and performed by univariate analysis, bivariate analysis by using chi-square, multivariate analysis by using multiple logistic regression and also qualitative method using photovoice. Result : The expected of CTS among of respondents is 42%. The result of bivariate showed that there are association between posture of hand and CTS (PR:4,235 CI:1,015-17,668 p value: 0,039), duration and CTS (PR:6,417 CI:1,444-28,511 p value: 0,011), frequency and CTS (PR:5,625 CI:1,178-26,854 p value: 0,024), and also the force and CTS (PR:5 CI:0,964-25,93 p value: 0,041). The result of multivariate analysis showed that frequency of hand posture during typing was a dominant factor that affected the CTS (PR: 3,965 CI: 1,086-14,474 p value: 0,037) Conclusion : There is significant of association between posture of hand, duration, frequency and force during typing and CTS. Frequency is the dominant variable that affects the CTS occurrence after adjusted by posture of hand, duration, force and non occupational risk factor. This study suggests giving more attention to ergonomic aspect through working style and helping tools while doing work
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