14 research outputs found

    Photonic crystal biosensor in spatial fourier domain

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    We propose a photonic crystal biosensor, operating at a single wavelength, based on analysis of resonant guided modes in the spatial Fourier domain. Sensitivities of 65 degrees per RIU and more have been simulated

    Digital microfluidics with pressure-based actuation

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    One of the key issues in biosensors is the time it takes for biomolecules in a solution to reach and bind to the sensor surface (particularly in low-concentration analytes). We present a novel flow scheme without microfluidic channels for label-free biosensors to decrease the delivery time of biomolecules. Through designing the biosensor in such a way that it becomes a membrane with holes, we can apply a droplet on it and push or pull it through the membrane by means of a pressure difference. Contrary to traditional microfluidics for, e.g., flow cells where the analyte flows over the sensor, the flow is now directed through the sensor. We have implemented this scheme in silicon-on-insulator biosensors and have demonstrated in a first proof-of-principle experiment, an improvement in delivery time of at least a factor of three

    Photonic crystal biosensor based on angular spectrum analysis

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    Integrated differential pressure sensor in silicon-on-insulator

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    We have fabricated and characterized a compact integrated optical pressure sensor in silicon-on-insulator. Measurements have shown that spectral features in our device can shift up to 1585 pm going from -20 to 80 kPa

    Digital Microfluidics With Pressure-Based Actuation

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    Silicon nanophotonic ring resonators sensors integrated in reaction tubes

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    Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) are the most popular immunoassay techniques performed every day in hospitals and laboratories and they are used as a diagnostic tool in medicine and plant pathology, as well as a quality-control check in various industries. However, complex labeling techniques are required to be able to perform the assay and non-specific binding and endpoint timing are difficult to optimize. These issues could be solved by label-free techniques such as silicon nanophotonic microring resonator sensors, but this platform requires complex microfluidics, which is very much removed from the daily practice in e. g. hospital labs, which still relies to a large degree on platforms like 96-well microtiter plates or reaction tubes. To address these issues, here, we propose the combination of a simple and compatible reaction tube platform with label free silicon-on-insulator (SOI) photonic biosensors, where the flow is through the sensor chip as opposed to over the chip as in more conventional approaches. This device allows real time detection and analysis. Its great flexibility and small footprint make it ideal for an easy handling in any laboratory

    Ring resonator based SOI biosensors

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    In this paper, two recent advances in silicon ring resonator biosensors are presented. First, we address the problem that due to the high index contrast, small deviations from perfect symmetry lift the degeneracy of the normal resonator mode. This severely deteriorates the quality of the output signal. To address this, we discuss an integrated interferometric approach to give access to the unsplit, high-quality normal modes of the microring resonator. Second, we demonstrate how digital microfluidics can be used for effective fluid delivery to nanophotonic microring resonator sensors fully constructed in SOI