596 research outputs found

    Prospects in MPGDs development for neutron detection

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    Compared to Multi Wires Proportional Chambers (MWPC), Micro-Pattern Gas Detectors (MPGD) used in HEP to detect MIPs offer better spatial resolution, counting rate capability, and radiation hardness; their fabrication is also more reproducible. Provided similar advantages are applicable to detect neutrons, MPGDs might contribute significantly to the development of neutron scientific instrumentation. In order to evaluate the prospects of neutron MPGDs, it is worth knowing the applications which would benefit from a gain in performance, and if they offer a competitive alternative to conventional 3He detectors. These questions have been at the focus of the workshop "Neutron Detection with Micro-Pattern Gaseous Detectors" organized by RD51 in collaboration with HEPTech, which took place at CERN on October 14-15, 2013. The goal of this workshop was to help disseminating MPGD technologies beyond High Energy Physics, and to give the possibility to academic institutions, potential users and industry to meet together. This summary article starts with a short summary of the state of the art of MPGD techniques for HEP; then specificities in the design of neutron detector are described; the consequence of the 3He shortage are briefly discussed; requirements for neutron scattering science at current facilities and at the future ESS are described; finally, we give some recommendations about possible directions where we believe the development of neutron MPGDs is of particular interest for possible use on neutron scattering instruments.Comment: Summary based on presentations during RD51 Academia-Industry Matching Event, CERN October 14-15, 201

    Geant4 based simulations for novel neutron detector development

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    A Geant4-based Python/C++ simulation and coding framework, which has been developed and used in order to aid the R&D efforts for thermal neutron detectors at neutron scattering facilities, is described. Built upon configurable geometry and generator modules, it integrates a general purpose object oriented output file format with meta-data, developed in order to facilitate a faster turn-around time when setting up and analysing simulations. Also discussed are the extensions to Geant4 which have been implemented in order to include the effects of low-energy phenomena such as Bragg diffraction in the polycrystalline support materials of the detector. Finally, an example application of the framework is briefly shown.Comment: Proceedings for the 20th International Conference on Computing in High Energy and Nuclear Physics (CHEP

    Simulation Tools for Detector and Instrument Design

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    The high performance requirements at the European Spallation Source have been driving the technological advances on the neutron detector front. Now more than ever is it important to optimize the design of detectors and instruments, to fully exploit the ESS source brilliance. Most of the simulation tools the neutron scattering community has at their disposal target the instrument optimization until the sample position, with little focus on detectors. The ESS Detector Group has extended the capabilities of existing detector simulation tools to bridge this gap. An extensive software framework has been developed, enabling efficient and collaborative developments of required simulations and analyses -- based on the use of the Geant4 Monte Carlo toolkit, but with extended physics capabilities where relevant (like for Bragg diffraction of thermal neutrons in crystals). Furthermore, the MCPL (Monte Carlo Particle Lists) particle data exchange file format, currently supported for the primary Monte Carlo tools of the community (McStas, Geant4 and MCNP), facilitates the integration of detector simulations with existing simulations of instruments using these software packages. These means offer a powerful set of tools to tailor the detector and instrument design to the instrument application

    Investigation of gamma-ray sensitivity of neutron detectors based on thin converter films

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    Currently, many detector technologies for thermal neutron detection are in development in order to lower the demand for the rare 3He gas. Gas detectors with solid thin film neutron converters readout by gas proportional counter method have been proposed as an appropriate choice for applications where large area coverage is necessary. In this paper, we investigate the probability for gamma-rays to generate a false count in a neutron measurement. Simulated results are compared to measurement with a 10B thin film prototype and a 3He detector. It is demonstrated that equal gamma-ray rejection to that of 3He tubes is achieved with the new technology. The arguments and results presented here are also applicable to gas detectors with converters other than solid 10B layers, such as 6Li layers and 10BF3 gas.Comment: Submitted to Journal of Instrumentatio

    Characterization of boron-coated silicon sensors for thermal neutron detection

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    Silicon neutron detectors can operate at low voltage and come with ease of fabrication and the possibility of integration of readout electronics and thus are attractive from an application point of view. In this paper, we have studied thermal neutron capture by silicon diodes coated with boron carbide (B4C). One of the surfaces of the diodes was covered with either natural B4C (B4C) or with enriched B4C (B4C). We have investigated: (a) the effect of increase in the sensitive area of the surface of the diode covered with B4C on the neutron detection efficiency and (b) the effect of enrichment of 10B in B4C. The difference in 10B in B4C (16 at.% in the deposited film) and B4C ( 79 at.% in the deposited film) leads to about three times increase in detection efficiency of the same detector. For the given experimental conditions, we do not observe a direct relationship between increase in the surface area and the detection efficiency. Energy spectra obtained by Geant4 simulations support the experimental observation of finding no direct relation between increase in the surface area and the detection efficiency.publishedVersio
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