2 research outputs found

    DataSheet1_Landslide susceptibility evaluation based on active deformation and graph convolutional network algorithm.docx

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    Disastrous landslides have become a focus of the world’s attention. Landslide susceptibility evaluation (LSE) can predict where landslides may occur and has caught the attention of scientists all over the world. This work establishes integrated criteria of potential landslide recognition and combines the historical landslides and newly-identified potential landslides to improve the accuracy, rationality, and practicability of a LSE map. Moreover, slope units can well reflect the topographic constraint to landslide occurrence and development, and Graph Convolutional Network (GCN) can well portray the topological and feature relation among various slope units. The combination of slope units and GCN is for the first time employed in LSE. This work focuses on Wanzhou District, a famous landslide-serious region in the Three Gorges reservoir area, and employs multisource data to conduct potential landslide recognition and LSE and to reveal the distribution characteristics of high landslide susceptibility. Some new viewpoints are suggested as follows. 1) The established criteria of potential landslide recognition consist of the characteristics of active deformation, stratum and lithology, tectonics, topography, micro-geomorphology, environment, meteorology, earthquakes, and human engineering activity. These criteria can well eliminate 4 types of false alarm regions and is successfully validated by field survey. 2) 34 potential landslides are newly discovered, and the movement of these potential landslides were controlled or induced by the combined action of soft-hard interbedding rock mass, steep topography, frequent tectonic movement, strong fluvial erosion, abundant precipitation, and intensive road and building construction. 3) The GCN algorithm reaches a relatively high accuracy (AUC: 0.941) and outperforms the other representative machine learning algorithms of Convolutional Neural Network (AUC: 0.926), Support Vector Machine (AUC: 0.835), and CART Tree (AUC: 0.762). 4) High landslide susceptibility is caused by the coupled action of weathered rock cavities, soft rock and swelling soil, strong river erosion, abundant rainfall, and intensive human engineering activity.</p

    Hydroxycitric acid prevents hyperoxaluric-induced nephrolithiasis and oxidative stress via activation of the Nrf2/Keap1 signaling pathway

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    Nephrolithiasis is a common and frequently-occurring disease in the urinary system with high recurrence. The present study aimed to explore the protective effect and underlying mechanism of hydroxycitric acid (HCA) in hyperoxaluria-induced nephrolithiasis in vitro and in vivo. Crystal deposition and pathophysiological injury in rat models of glyoxylate-induced nephrolithiasis were examined using H&E staining. Cell models of nephrolithiasis were established by oxalate-treated renal tubular epithelial cells. The levels of oxidative stress indexes were determined by ELISA kits. Cell proliferation in vivo and in vitro was evaluated using a cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and Ki-67 cell proliferation detection kit. Cell apoptosis was measured by flow cytometry and TUNEL staining. The protein levels were examined by western blotting. Our results showed that HCA administration significantly reduced crystal deposition and kidney injury induced by glyoxylate. HCA also alleviated oxidative stress via upregulating the antioxidant enzyme activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) and reducing the malondialdehyde (MDA) content. Moreover, HCA treatment promoted cell proliferation and inhibited apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells exposed to hyperoxaluria. Of note, Nrf2 activator dimethyl fumarate (DMF) exerted the same beneficial effects as HCA in nephrolithiasis. Mechanistically, HCA prevented crystal deposition and oxidative stress induced by hyperoxaluria through targeting the Nrf2/Keap1 antioxidant defense pathway, while knockdown of Nrf2 significantly abrogated these effects. Taken together, HCA exhibited antioxidation and anti-apoptosis activities in nephrolithiasis induced by hyperoxaluria via activating Nrf2/Keap1 pathway, suggesting that it may be an effective therapeutic agent for the prevention and treatment of nephrolithiasis.</p