751 research outputs found

    Potential inversion with subbarrier fusion data revisited

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    We invert experimental data for heavy-ion fusion reactions at energies well below the Coulomb barrier in order to directly determine the internucleus potential between the colliding nuclei. In contrast to the previous applications of the inversion formula, we explicitly take into account the effect of channel couplings on fusion reactions, by assuming that fusion cross sections at deep subbarrier energies are governed by the lowest barrier in the barrier distribution. We apply this procedure to the 16^{16}O +144^{144}Sm and 16^{16}O +208^{208}Pb reactions, and find that the inverted internucleus potential are much thicker than phenomenological potentials. A relation to the steep fall-off phenomenon of fusion cross sections recently found at deep subbarrier energies is also discussed.Comment: 5 pages, 3 eps figure

    Importance of Non-Linear Couplings in Fusion Barrier Distributions and Mean Angular Momenta

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    The effects of higher order coupling of surface vibrations to the relative motion on heavy-ion fusion reactions at near-barrier energies are investigated. The coupled channels equations are solved to all orders, and also in the linear and the quadratic coupling approximations. It is shown that the shape of fusion barrier distributions and the energy dependence of the average angular momentum of the compound nucleus can significantly change when the higher order couplings are included. The role of octupole vibrational excitation of ^{16}O in the ^{16}O + ^{144}Sm fusion reaction is also discussed using the all order coupled-channels equations.Comment: 8 pages, 6 figures, To be published in the Proceedings of the FUSION 97 Conference, South Durras, Australia, March 1997 (J. Phys. G

    Present status of coupled-channels calculations for heavy-ion subbarrier fusion reactions

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    The coupled-channels method has been a standard tool in analyzing heavy-ion fusion reactions at energies around the Coulomb barrier. We investigate three simplifications usually adopted in the coupled-channels calculations. These are i) the exclusion of non-collective excitations, ii) the assumption of coordinate independent coupling strengths, and iii) the harmonic oscillator approximation for multi-phonon excitations. In connection to the last point, we propose a novel microscopic method based on the beyond-mean-field approach in order to take into account the anharmonic effects of collective vibrations.Comment: 10 pages, 4 figures. A talk given at the 12th International Conference on Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions (NN2015), June 21-26, Catania, Ital

    Applicability of the orientation average formula in heavy-ion fusion reactions of deformed nuclei

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    In heavy-ion fusion reactions involving a well deformed nucleus, one often assumes that the orientation of the target nucleus does not change during the reaction. We discuss the accuracy of this procedure by analyzing the excitation function of the fusion cross section and the fusion barrier distribution in the reactions of 154^{154}Sm target with various projectiles ranging from 12^{12}C to 40^{40}Ar. It is shown that the approximation gradually looses its accuracy with increasing charge product of the projectile and target nuclei because of the effects of finite excitation energy of the target nucleus. The relevance of such inaccuracy in analyzing the experimental data is also discussed.Comment: 5 pages and 3 figure

    Fusion and breakup in the reactions of 6,7Li and 9Be

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    We develop a three body classical trajectory Monte Carlo (CTMC) method to dicsuss the effect of the breakup process on heavy-ion fusion reactions induced by weakly bound nuclei. This method follows the classical trajectories of breakup fragments after the breakup takes place, and thus provides an unambiguous separation between complete and incomplete fusion cross sections. Applying this method to the fusion reaction 6^{6}Li + 209^{209}Bi, we find that there is a significant contribution to the total complete fusion cross sections from the process where all the breakup fragments are captured by the target nucleus (i.e., the breakup followed by complete fusion).Comment: 4 pages, 3 eps figures. Uses espcrc1.sty. To be published in the proceedings of the 8th international conference on clustering aspects of nuclear structure and dynamics, November 24 - 29, 2003, Nara, Japan (Nucl. Phys. A