65 research outputs found

    Axial charges of hyperons and charmed baryons using Nf=2+1+1N_f=2+1+1 twisted mass fermions

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    The axial couplings of the low lying baryons are evaluated using a total of five ensembles of dynamical twisted mass fermion gauge configurations. The simulations are performed using the Iwasaki gauge action and two degenerate flavors of light quarks, and a strange and a charm quark fixed to approximately their physical values at two values of the coupling constant. The lattice spacings, determined using the nucleon mass, are a=0.082a=0.082 fm and a=0.065a=0.065 fm and the simulations cover a pion mass in the range of about 210 MeV to 430 MeV. We study the dependence of the axial couplings on the pion mass in the range of about 210 MeV to 430 MeV as well as the SU(3)SU(3) breaking effects as we decrease the light quark mass towards its physical value.Comment: 34 pages, 17 figure

    Sigma-terms and axial charges for hyperons and charmed baryons

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    We present results for the σ\sigma-terms and axial charges for various hyperons and charmed baryons using Nf=2+1+1N_f=2+1+1 twisted mass fermions. For the computation of the three-point function we use the fixed current method. For one of the Nf=2+1+1N_f=2+1+1 ensembles with pion mass of 373 MeV we compare the results of the fixed current method with those obtained with a stochastic method for computing the all-to-all propagator involved in the evaluation of the three point functions.Comment: Talk presented at 31st International Symposium on Lattice Field Theory LATTICE 2013, July 29 - August 3, 2013, Mainz, Germany, PoS(LATTICE 2013)279. 7 pages and6 figure

    The nucleon spin and momentum decomposition using lattice QCD simulations

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    We determine within lattice QCD, the nucleon spin carried by valence and sea quarks, and gluons. The calculation is performed using an ensemble of gauge configurations with two degenerate light quarks with mass fixed to approximately reproduce the physical pion mass. We find that the total angular momentum carried by the quarks in the nucleon is Ju+d+s=0.408(61)stat.(48)syst.J_{u+d+s}{=}0.408(61)_{\rm stat.}(48)_{\rm syst.} and the gluon contribution is Jg=0.133(11)stat.(14)syst.J_g {=}0.133(11)_{\rm stat.}(14)_{\rm syst.} giving a total of JN=0.54(6)stat.(5)syst.J_N{=}0.54(6)_{\rm stat.}(5)_{\rm syst.} consistent with the spin sum. For the quark intrinsic spin contribution we obtain 12ΔΣu+d+s=0.201(17)stat.(5)syst.\frac{1}{2}\Delta \Sigma_{u+d+s}{=}0.201(17)_{\rm stat.}(5)_{\rm syst.}. All quantities are given in the MS\overline{\textrm{MS}} scheme at 2~GeV. The quark and gluon momentum fractions are also computed and add up to xu+d+s+xg=0.804(121)stat.(95)syst.+0.267(12)stat.(10)syst.=1.07(12)stat.(10)syst.\langle x\rangle_{u+d+s}+\langle x\rangle_g{=}0.804(121)_{\rm stat.}(95)_{\rm syst.}+0.267(12)_{\rm stat.}(10)_{\rm syst.}{=}1.07(12)_{\rm stat.}(10)_{\rm syst.} satisfying the momentum sum.Comment: Version published in PR

    Quark flavor decomposition of the nucleon axial form factors

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    We present results on the isoscalar form factors including the disconnected contributions, as well as on the strange and charm quark form factors. Using previous results on the isovector form factors, we determine the flavor decomposition of the nucleon axial form factors. These are computed using an ensemble of Nf=2+1+1N_f=2+1+1 twisted mass fermions simulated with physical values of quark masses. We investigate the SU(3) flavor symmetry and show that there is up to 10\% breaking for the axial and up to 50\% for the induced pseudoscalar form factors. By fitting the Q2Q^2-dependence, we determined the corresponding root mean square radii. The pseudoscalar coupling of the η\eta meson and the nucleon is found to be gηNN=3.7(1.0)(0.7)g_{\eta NN}=3.7(1.0)(0.7), and the Goldberger-Treiman discrepancy for the octet combination about 50\%

    Strange nucleon electromagnetic form factors from lattice QCD

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    We evaluate the strange nucleon electromagnetic form factors using an ensemble of gauge configurations generated with two degenerate maximally twisted mass clover-improved fermions with mass tuned to approximately reproduce the physical pion mass. In addition, we present results for the disconnected light quark contributions to the nucleon electromagnetic form factors. Improved stochastic methods are employed leading to high-precision results. The momentum dependence of the disconnected contributions is fitted using the model-independent z-expansion. We extract the magnetic moment and the electric and magnetic radii of the proton and neutron by including both connected and disconnected contributions. We find that the disconnected light quark contributions to both electric and magnetic form factors are non-zero and at the few percent level as compared to the connected. The strange form factors are also at the percent level but more noisy yielding statistical errors that are typically within one standard deviation from a zero value.Comment: 10 pages, 11 figure

    Nucleon scalar and tensor charges using lattice QCD simulations at the physical value of the pion mass

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    We present results on the light, strange and charm nucleon scalar and tensor charges from lattice QCD, using simulations with Nf=2N_f=2 flavors of twisted mass Clover-improved fermions with a physical value of the pion mass. Both connected and disconnected contributions are included, enabling us to extract the isoscalar, strange and charm charges for the first time directly at the physical point. Furthermore, the renormalization is computed non-perturbatively for both isovector and isoscalar quantities. We investigate excited state effects by analyzing several sink-source time separations and by employing a set of methods to probe ground state dominance. Our final results for the scalar charges are gSu=5.20(42)(15)(12)g_S^u = 5.20(42)(15)(12), gSd=4.27(26)(15)(12)g_S^d = 4.27(26)(15)(12), gSs=0.33(7)(1)(4)g_S^s=0.33(7)(1)(4), gSc=0.062(13)(3)(5)g_S^c=0.062(13)(3)(5) and for the tensor charges gTu=0.782(16)(2)(13)g_T^u = 0.782(16)(2)(13), gTd=0.219(10)(2)(13)g_T^d = -0.219(10)(2)(13), gTs=0.00319(69)(2)(22)g_T^s=-0.00319(69)(2)(22), gTc=0.00263(269)(2)(37)g_T^c=-0.00263(269)(2)(37) in the MS\overline{\rm MS} scheme at 2~GeV. The first error is statistical, the second is the systematic error due to the renormalization and the third the systematic arising from possible contamination due to the excited states.Comment: 20 pages and 13 figure

    Complete flavor decomposition of the spin and momentum fraction of the proton using lattice QCD simulations at physical pion mass

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    We evaluate the gluon and quark contributions to the spin of the proton using an ensemble of gauge configuration generated at physical pion mass. We compute all valence and sea quark contributions to high accuracy. We perform a non-perturbative renormalization for both quark and gluon matrix elements. We find that the contribution of the up, down, strange and charm quarks to the proton intrinsic spin is 12q=u,d,s,cΔΣq+=0.191(15)\frac{1}{2}\sum_{q=u,d,s,c}\Delta\Sigma^{q^+}=0.191(15) and to the total spin q=u,d,s,cJq+=0.285(45)\sum_{q=u,d,s,c}J^{q^+}=0.285(45). The gluon contribution to the spin is Jg=0.187(46)J^g=0.187(46) yielding J=Jq+Jg=0.473(71)J=J^q+J^g=0.473(71) confirming the spin sum. The momentum fraction carried by quarks in the proton is found to be 0.618(60)0.618(60) and by gluons 0.427(92)0.427(92), the sum of which gives 1.045(118)1.045(118) confirming the momentum sum rule. All scale and scheme dependent quantities are given in the MS\mathrm{ \overline{MS}} scheme at 2 GeV

    Nucleon axial, tensor and scalar charges and σ\sigma-terms in lattice QCD

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    We determine the nucleon axial, scalar and tensor charges within lattice Quantum Chromodynamics including all contributions from valence and sea quarks. We analyze three gauge ensembles simulated within the twisted mass formulation at approximately physical value of the pion mass. Two of these ensembles are simulated with two dynamical light quarks and lattice spacing a=0.094a=0.094~fm and the third with a=0.08a=0.08~fm includes in addition the strange and charm quarks in the sea. After comparing the results among these three ensembles, we quote as final values our most accurate analysis using the latter ensemble. For the nucleon isovector axial charge we find 1.286(23)1.286(23) in agreement with the experimental value. We provide the flavor decomposition of the intrinsic spin 12ΔΣq\frac{1}{2}\Delta\Sigma^q carried by quarks in the nucleon obtaining for the up, down, strange and charm quarks 12ΔΣu=0.431(8)\frac{1}{2}\Delta\Sigma^{u}=0.431(8), 12ΔΣd=0.212(8)\frac{1}{2}\Delta\Sigma^{d}=-0.212(8), 12ΔΣs=0.023(4)\frac{1}{2}\Delta\Sigma^{s}=-0.023(4) and 12ΔΣc=0.005(2)\frac{1}{2}\Delta\Sigma^{c}=-0.005(2), respectively. The corresponding values of the tensor and scalar charges for each quark flavor are also evaluated providing valuable input for experimental searches for beyond the standard model physics. In addition, we extract the nucleon σ\sigma-terms and find for the light quark content σπN=41.6(3.8)\sigma_{\pi N}=41.6(3.8)~MeV and for the strange σs=45.6(6.2)\sigma_{s}=45.6(6.2)~MeV. The y-parameter that is used in phenomenological studies we find y=0.078(7)y=0.078(7).Comment: Expanded version as accepted in Phys. Rev. D.20 pages and 20 figure
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