16,023 research outputs found

    Scaling regimes and critical dimensions in the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang problem

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    We study the scaling regimes for the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation with noise correlator R(q) ~ (1 + w q^{-2 \rho}) in Fourier space, as a function of \rho and the spatial dimension d. By means of a stochastic Cole-Hopf transformation, the critical and correction-to-scaling exponents at the roughening transition are determined to all orders in a (d - d_c) expansion. We also argue that there is a intriguing possibility that the rough phases above and below the lower critical dimension d_c = 2 (1 + \rho) are genuinely different which could lead to a re-interpretation of results in the literature.Comment: Latex, 7 pages, eps files for two figures as well as Europhys. Lett. style files included; slightly expanded reincarnatio

    The Resistance of Feynman Diagrams and the Percolation Backbone Dimension

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    We present a new view of Feynman diagrams for the field theory of transport on percolation clusters. The diagrams for random resistor networks are interpreted as being resistor networks themselves. This simplifies the field theory considerably as we demonstrate by calculating the fractal dimension DBD_B of the percolation backbone to three loop order. Using renormalization group methods we obtain DB=2+ϵ/21172ϵ2/9261+2ϵ3(74639+22680ζ(3))/4084101D_B = 2 + \epsilon /21 - 172\epsilon^2 /9261 + 2 \epsilon^3 (- 74639 + 22680 \zeta (3))/4084101, where ϵ=6d\epsilon = 6-d with dd being the spatial dimension and ζ(3)=1.202057..\zeta (3) = 1.202057...Comment: 10 pages, 2 figure

    Fresh look at randomly branched polymers

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    We develop a new, dynamical field theory of isotropic randomly branched polymers, and we use this model in conjunction with the renormalization group (RG) to study several prominent problems in the physics of these polymers. Our model provides an alternative vantage point to understand the swollen phase via dimensional reduction. We reveal a hidden Becchi-Rouet-Stora (BRS) symmetry of the model that describes the collapse (θ\theta-)transition to compact polymer-conformations, and calculate the critical exponents to 2-loop order. It turns out that the long-standing 1-loop results for these exponents are not entirely correct. A runaway of the RG flow indicates that the so-called θ\theta^\prime-transition could be a fluctuation induced first order transition.Comment: 4 page

    Levy-flight spreading of epidemic processes leading to percolating clusters

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    We consider two stochastic processes, the Gribov process and the general epidemic process, that describe the spreading of an infectious disease. In contrast to the usually assumed case of short-range infections that lead, at the critical point, to directed and isotropic percolation respectively, we consider long-range infections with a probability distribution decaying in d dimensions with the distance as 1/R^{d+\sigma}. By means of Wilson's momentum shell renormalization-group recursion relations, the critical exponents characterizing the growing fractal clusters are calculated to first order in an \epsilon-expansion. It is shown that the long-range critical behavior changes continuously to its short-range counterpart for a decay exponent of the infection \sigma =\sigma_c>2.Comment: 9 pages ReVTeX, 2 postscript figures included, submitted to Eur. Phys. J.

    Group corings

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    We introduce group corings, and study functors between categories of comodules over group corings, and the relationship to graded modules over graded rings. Galois group corings are defined, and a Structure Theorem for the GG-comodules over a Galois group coring is given. We study (graded) Morita contexts associated to a group coring. Our theory is applied to group corings associated to a comodule algebra over a Hopf group coalgebra.Comment: 38 page

    Drived diffusion of vector fields

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    A model for the diffusion of vector fields driven by external forces is proposed. Using the renormalization group and the ϵ\epsilon-expansion, the dynamical critical properties of the model with gaussian noise for dimensions below the critical dimension are investigated and new transport universality classes are obtained.Comment: 11 pages, title changed, anisotropic diffusion further discussed and emphasize