8,315 research outputs found

### Parametric resonance at the critical temperature in high energy heavy ion collisions

Parametric resonance in soft modes at the critical temperature ($T_{c}$) in
high energy heavy ion collisions is studied in the case when the temperature
($T$) of the system is almost constant for a long time. By deviding the fields
into three parts, zero mode (condensate), soft modes and hard modes and
assuming that the hard modes are in thermal equilibrium, we derive the equation
of motion for soft modes at $T=T_{c}$. Enhanced modes are extracted by
comparing with the Mathieu equation for the condensate oscillating along the
sigma axis at $T=T_{c}$. It is found that the soft mode of $\pi$ fields at
about 174 MeV is enhanced.Comment: 8 pages, 1 figure Some statements and equations are modified to
clarif

### Ferromagnetic insulating phase in Pr{1-x}Ca{x}MnO3

A ferromagnetic insulating (FM-I) state in Pr0.75Ca0.25MnO3 has been studied
by neutron scattering experiment and theoretical calculation. The insulating
behavior is robust against an external magnetic field, and is ascribed to
neither the phase separation between a ferromagnetic metallic (FM-M) phase and
a non-ferromagnetic insulating one, nor the charge ordering. We found that the
Jahn-Teller type lattice distortion is much weaker than PrMnO3 and the magnetic
interaction is almost isotropic. These features resembles the ferromagnetic
metallic state of manganites, but the spin exchange interaction J is much
reduced compared to the FM-M state. The theoretical calculation based on the
staggered type orbital order well reproduces several features of the spin and
orbital state in the FM-I phase.Comment: REVTeX4, 10 pages, 9 figure

### Numerical Study of Photo-Induced Dynamics in Double-Exchange Model

Photo-induced spin and charge dynamics in double-exchange model are
numerically studied. The Lanczos method and the density-matrix
renormalization-group method are applied to one-dimensional finite-size
clusters. By photon irradiation in a charge ordered (CO) insulator associated
with antiferromagnetic (AFM) correlation, both the CO and AFM correlations
collapse rapidly, and appearances of new peaks inside of an insulating gap are
observed in the optical spectra and the one-particle excitation spectra. Time
evolutions of the spin correlation and the in-gap state are correlated with
each other, and are governed by the transfer integral of conduction electrons.
Results are interpreted by the charge kink/anti-kink picture and their
effective motions which depend on the localized spin correlation. Pump-photon
density dependence of spin and charge dynamics are also studied. Roles of spin
degree of freedom are remarkable in a case of weak photon density. Implications
of the numerical results for the pump-probe experiments in perovskite
manganites are discussed.Comment: 16 pages, 16 figure

### Theory of Orbital Ordering, Fluctuation and Resonant X-ray Scattering in Manganites

A theory of resonant x-ray scattering in perovskite manganites is developed
by applying the group theory to the correlation functions of the pseudospin
operators for the orbital degree of freedom. It is shown that static and
dynamical informations of the orbital state are directly obtained from the
elastic, diffuse and inelastic scatterings due to the tensor character of the
scattering factor. We propose that the interaction and its anisotropy between
orbitals are directly identified by the intensity contour of the diffuse
scattering in the momentum space.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figur

### Reciprocal transmittances and reflectances: An elementary proof

We present an elementary proof concerning reciprocal transmittances and
reflectances. The proof is direct, simple, and valid for the diverse objects
that can be absorptive and induce diffraction and scattering, as long as the
objects respond linearly and locally to electromagnetic waves. The proof
enables students who understand the basics of classical electromagnetics to
grasp the physical basis of reciprocal optical responses. In addition, we show
an example to demonstrate reciprocal response numerically and experimentally.Comment: 6 pages, 5 figures. RevTEX4. Improved wording. Physics Educatio

### Spin and orbital excitation spectrum in the Kugel-Khomskii model

We discuss spin and orbital ordering in the twofold orbital degenerate
superexchange model in three dimensions relevant to perovskite transition metal
oxides. We focus on the particular point on the classical phase diagram where
orbital degeneracy is lifted by quantum effects exclusively. Dispersion and
damping of the spin and orbital excitations are calculated at this point taking
into account their mutual interaction. Interaction corrections to the
mean-field order parameters are found to be small. We conclude that
quasi-one-dimensional Neel spin order accompanied by the uniform
d_{3z^2-r^2}-type orbital ordering is stable against quantum fluctuations.Comment: 4 pages with 3 PS figures, 1 table, RevTeX, accepted to Phys. Rev. B.
Rapid Communicatio

### Parametric amplification with a friction in heavy ion collisions

We study the effects of the expansion of the system and the friction on the
parametric amplification of mesonic fields in high energy heavy ion collisions
within the linear $\sigma$ model . The equation of motion which is similar to
Mathieu equation is derived to describe the time development of classical
fields in the last stage of a heavy ion collision after the freezeout time. The
enhanced mode is extracted analytically by comparison with Mathieu equation and
the equation of motion is solved numerically to examine whether soft modes will
be enhanced or not. It is found that the strong peak appears around 267 MeV in
the pion transverse momentum distribution in cases with weak friction and high
maximum temperature. This enhancement can be extracted by taking the ratio
between different modes in the pion transverse momentum distribution.Comment: 10 pages, 9 figures LaTeX: appendix adde

### Topology Change of Coalescing Black Holes on Eguchi-Hanson Space

We construct multi-black hole solutions in the five-dimensional
Einstein-Maxwell theory with a positive cosmological constant on the
Eguchi-Hanson space, which is an asymptotically locally Euclidean space. The
solutions describe the physical process such that two black holes with the
topology of S^3 coalesce into a single black hole with the topology of the lens
space L(2;1)=S^3/Z_2. We discuss how the area of the single black hole after
the coalescence depends on the topology of the horizon.Comment: 10 pages, Some comments are added. to be published as a letter in
Classical and Quantum Gravit

### Thermodynamics of Squashed Kaluza-Klein Black Holes and Black Strings -- A Comparison of Reference Backgrounds --

We investigate thermodynamics constructed on different background reference
spacetimes for squashed Kaluza-Klein (SqKK) black hole and electrically charged
black string in five-dimensional Einstein-Maxwell system. Two spacetimes are
possible to be reference spacetimes giving finite gravitational classical
actions: one is four-dimensional Minkowski times a circle and the other is the
KK monopole. The boundary of the SqKK black hole can not be matched perfectly
to that of the former reference spacetime because of the difference in
topology. However, the resultant classical action coincides with that
calculated by the counterterm subtraction scheme. The boundary of the KK
monopole has the same topology with that of the SqKK black hole and can be
matched to the boundary of the black hole perfectly. The resultant action takes
different value from the result given by using the former reference spacetime.
After a brief review of thermodynamic quantities of the black hole solutions,
we calculate thermodynamic potentials relevant for several thermodynamic
environments. The most stable state is different for each environment: For
example, the KK monopole is the most stable state in isothermal environment
with fixed gravitational tension. On the other hand, when the size of the
extra-dimension is fixed, the Minkowski times a circle is the most stable. It
is shown that these two spacetimes can be reference spacetimes of the
five-dimensional black string.Comment: 28 pages; references added, typo corrected;version accepted for
publication in Class. Quantum Gra

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