726 research outputs found

    Learning to Generate Posters of Scientific Papers

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    Researchers often summarize their work in the form of posters. Posters provide a coherent and efficient way to convey core ideas from scientific papers. Generating a good scientific poster, however, is a complex and time consuming cognitive task, since such posters need to be readable, informative, and visually aesthetic. In this paper, for the first time, we study the challenging problem of learning to generate posters from scientific papers. To this end, a data-driven framework, that utilizes graphical models, is proposed. Specifically, given content to display, the key elements of a good poster, including panel layout and attributes of each panel, are learned and inferred from data. Then, given inferred layout and attributes, composition of graphical elements within each panel is synthesized. To learn and validate our model, we collect and make public a Poster-Paper dataset, which consists of scientific papers and corresponding posters with exhaustively labelled panels and attributes. Qualitative and quantitative results indicate the effectiveness of our approach.Comment: in Proceedings of the 30th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI'16), Phoenix, AZ, 201

    Fused Text Segmentation Networks for Multi-oriented Scene Text Detection

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    In this paper, we introduce a novel end-end framework for multi-oriented scene text detection from an instance-aware semantic segmentation perspective. We present Fused Text Segmentation Networks, which combine multi-level features during the feature extracting as text instance may rely on finer feature expression compared to general objects. It detects and segments the text instance jointly and simultaneously, leveraging merits from both semantic segmentation task and region proposal based object detection task. Not involving any extra pipelines, our approach surpasses the current state of the art on multi-oriented scene text detection benchmarks: ICDAR2015 Incidental Scene Text and MSRA-TD500 reaching Hmean 84.1% and 82.0% respectively. Morever, we report a baseline on total-text containing curved text which suggests effectiveness of the proposed approach.Comment: Accepted by ICPR201

    OmiEmbed: a unified multi-task deep learning framework for multi-omics data

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    High-dimensional omics data contains intrinsic biomedical information that is crucial for personalised medicine. Nevertheless, it is challenging to capture them from the genome-wide data due to the large number of molecular features and small number of available samples, which is also called 'the curse of dimensionality' in machine learning. To tackle this problem and pave the way for machine learning aided precision medicine, we proposed a unified multi-task deep learning framework named OmiEmbed to capture biomedical information from high-dimensional omics data with the deep embedding and downstream task modules. The deep embedding module learnt an omics embedding that mapped multiple omics data types into a latent space with lower dimensionality. Based on the new representation of multi-omics data, different downstream task modules were trained simultaneously and efficiently with the multi-task strategy to predict the comprehensive phenotype profile of each sample. OmiEmbed support multiple tasks for omics data including dimensionality reduction, tumour type classification, multi-omics integration, demographic and clinical feature reconstruction, and survival prediction. The framework outperformed other methods on all three types of downstream tasks and achieved better performance with the multi-task strategy comparing to training them individually. OmiEmbed is a powerful and unified framework that can be widely adapted to various application of high-dimensional omics data and has a great potential to facilitate more accurate and personalised clinical decision making.Comment: 14 pages, 8 figures, 7 table

    Molecular information delivery in porous media

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    Information delivery via molecular signals is abundant in nature and potentially useful for industry sensing. Many propagation channels (e.g., tissue membranes and catalyst beds) contain porous medium materials and the impact this has on communication performance is not well understood. Here, communication through realistic porous channels is investigated for the first time via statistical breakthrough curves. Assuming that the number of arrived molecules can be approximated as a Gaussian random variable and using fully resolved computational fluid dynamics results for the breakthrough curves, the numerical results for the throughput, mutual information, error probability, and information diversity gain are presented. Using these numerical results, the unique characteristics of the porous medium channel are revealed

    Several Integral Estimates and Some Applications

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    In this paper, the authors first consider the bidirectional estimates of several typical integrals. As some applications of these integral estimates, the authors investigate the pointwise multipliers from the normal weight general function space F(p,μ,s)F(p,\mu,s) to the normal weight Bloch type space Bν(Bn)\mathcal{B_{\nu}}(B_{n}) on the unit ball BnB_{n} of Cn\mathbb{C}^{n}, where μ\mu and ν\nu are two normal functions on [0,1)[0,1). For the special normal function μ(r)=(1r2)αlogβe1r2\displaystyle{\mu(r)=(1-r^{2})^{\alpha}\log^{\beta}\frac{e}{1-r^{2}}} (α>0\alpha>0, <β<-\infty<\beta<\infty), the authors give the necessary and sufficient conditions of pointwise multipliers from F(p,μ,s)F(p,\mu,s) to Bν(Bn)\mathcal{B_{\nu}}(B_{n}) for all cases

    Characterization of cooperators in Quorum sensing with 2D molecular signal analysis

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    In quorum sensing (QS), bacteria exchange molecular signals to work together. An analytically-tractable model is presented for characterizing QS signal propagation within a population of bacteria and the number of responsive cooperative bacteria (i.e., cooperators) in a two-dimensional (2D) environment. Unlike prior works with a deterministic topology and a simplified molecular propagation channel, this work considers continuous emission, diffusion, degradation, and reception among randomly-distributed bacteria. Using stochastic geometry, the 2D channel response and the corresponding probability of cooperation at a bacterium are derived. Based on this probability, new expressions are derived for the moment generating function and different orders of moments of the number of cooperators. The analytical results agree with the simulation results obtained by a particle-based method. In addition, the Poisson and Gaussian distributions are compared to approximate the distribution of the number of cooperators and the Poisson distribution provides the best overall approximation. The derived channel response can be generally applied to any molecular communication model where single or multiple transmitters continuously release molecules into a 2D environment. The derived statistics of the number of cooperators can be used to predict and control the QS process, e.g., predicting and decreasing the likelihood of biofilm formation
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