1,884 research outputs found

    Topological phase transition from nodal to nodeless d-wave superconductivity in electron-doped cuprate superconductors

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    Unlike the hole-doped cuprates, both nodal and nodeless superconductivity (SC) are observed in the electron-doped cuprates. To understand these two types of SC states, we propose a unified theory by considering the two-dimensional t-J model in proximity to an antiferromagnetic (AF) long-range ordering state. Within the slave-boson mean-field approximation, the d-wave pairing symmetry is still the most energetically favorable even in the presence of the external AF field. In the nodal phase, it is found that the nodes carry vorticity and are protected by the adjoint symmetry of time-reversal and one unit lattice translation. Robust edge modes are obtained, suggesting the nodal d-wave SC being a topological weak-pairing phase. As decreasing the doping concentration or increasing the AF field, the nodes with opposite vorticity annihilate and the nodeless strong-pairing phase emerges. The topological phase transition is characterized by a critical point with anisotropic Bogoliubov quasiparticles, and a universal understanding is thus established for all electron-doped cuprates.Comment: 7 pages, 5 figures; published versio

    Ordered valence bond states in symmetric two-dimensional spin-orbital systems

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    We consider a superexchange Hamiltonian, H=(2SiSj12)(2TiTj12)H=-\sum_{}(2{\bf S}_i\cdot {\bf S}_j-\frac 12)(2{\bf T}_i\cdot {\bf T}_j-\frac 12), which describes systems with orbital degeneracy and strong electron-phonon coupling in the limit of large on-site repulsion. In an SU(4) Schwinger boson representation, a reduced spin-orbital interaction is derived {\it exactly}, and a mean field theory has been developed by introducing a symmetric valence bond pairing order parameter. In one dimension, a spin-orbital liquid state with a finite gap is obtained. On a two-dimensional square lattice a novel type of spin-orbital ferromagnetically ordered state appears, while spin and orbital are antiferromagnetic. Moreover, an important relation has been found, relating the spin and orbital correlation functions to the combined spin-orbital ones.Comment: four pages in Revtex, no figures, accepted for publication in Physical Review Letter

    Insulator-to-metal phase transition in Yb-based Kondo insulators

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    The periodic Anderson lattice model for the crystalline electric field (CEF)split 4f quartet states is used to describe the Yb-based Kondo insulators/semiconductors. In the slave-boson mean-field approximation, we derive the hybridized quasiparticle bands, and find that decreasing the hybridization difference of the two CEF quartets may induce an insulator-to-metal phase transition. The resulting metallic phase has a hole and an electron Fermi pockets. Such a phase transition may be realized experimentally by applying pressure, reducing the difference in hybridization of the two CEF quartets.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figure