1,392 research outputs found

    Scaling dimension of fidelity susceptibility in quantum phase transitions

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    We analyze ground-state behaviors of fidelity susceptibility (FS) and show that the FS has its own distinct dimension instead of real system's dimension in general quantum phases. The scaling relation of the FS in quantum phase transitions (QPTs) is then established on more general grounds. Depending on whether the FS's dimensions of two neighboring quantum phases are the same or not, we are able to classify QPTs into two distinct types. For the latter type, the change in the FS's dimension is a characteristic that separates two phases. As a non-trivial application to the Kitaev honeycomb model, we find that the FS is proportional to L2lnLL^2\ln L in the gapless phase, while L2L^2 in the gapped phase. Therefore, the extra dimension of lnL\ln L can be used as a characteristic of the gapless phase.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figure, final version to appear in EP

    Spectral function and fidelity susceptibility in quantum critical phenomena

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    In this paper, we derive a simple equality that relates the spectral function I(k,ω)I(k,\omega) and the fidelity susceptibility χF\chi_F, i.e. χF=limη0πηI(0,iη)% \chi_F=\lim_{\eta\rightarrow 0}\frac{\pi}{\eta} I(0, i\eta) with η\eta being the half-width of the resonance peak in the spectral function. Since the spectral function can be measured in experiments by the neutron scattering or the angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy(ARPES) technique, our equality makes the fidelity susceptibility directly measurable in experiments. Physically, our equality reveals also that the resonance peak in the spectral function actually denotes a quantum criticality-like point at which the solid state seemly undergoes a significant change.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figure

    Thermodynamics of SU(2) bosons in one dimension

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    On the basis of Bethe ansatz solution of two-component bosons with SU(2) symmetry and δ\delta-function interaction in one dimension, we study the thermodynamics of the system at finite temperature by using the strategy of thermodynamic Bethe ansatz (TBA). It is shown that the ground state is an isospin "ferromagnetic" state by the method of TBA, and at high temperature the magnetic property is dominated by Curie's law. We obtain the exact result of specific heat and entropy in strong coupling limit which scales like TT at low temperature. While in weak coupling limit, it is found there is still no Bose-Einstein Condensation (BEC) in such 1D system.Comment: 7 page