499 research outputs found

    Spin-flip effects on the current-in-plane magnetotransport in magnetic multilayers with arbitrary magnetization alignments

    Get PDF
    An extended Boltzmann equation approach, with nondiagonal components of the electron distribution, function taken into account, is proposed to study spin-flip effects on the magnetoresistance (MR) in magnetic inhomogeneous systems with arbitrary magnetization alignments. The presence of spin-flip scattering is found to reduce the MR and to decrease deviation of the MR from linear dependence on sin 2(θ/2) where θ is the angle between the magnetizations of successive magnetic films.published_or_final_versio

    Theory of electric-field-induced metal-insulator transition in doped manganites

    Get PDF
    The insulator to metal transition (IMT) induced by the application of an electric field in doped manganites is investigated theoretically. Starting from the double-exchange mechanism with the long-range Coulomb interaction included, we find that the electric field may suppress the charge ordering and drive the system from the antiferromagnetic and charge-ordered state with an energy gap at the Fermi level to the ferromagnetic and gapless state, resulting in the IMT. A numerical simulation is performed for manganite films with intrinsic inhomogeneities, and an important impact of the inhomogeneities on this electric-field-induced transition is obtained. Our results can naturally account for the recently observed electric-filed-induced IMT phenomenon in manganites.published_or_final_versio

    Spin and orbital excitations in undoped manganites

    Get PDF
    We develop a theory for spin and orbital excitations in undoped manganites to account for the spin and orbital orderings observed experimentally. It is found that the anisotropy of the magnetic structure is closely related to the orbital ordering, and the Jahn-Teller effect stabilizes the orbital ordering. The phase diagram and the low-energy excitation spectra for both spin and orbital orderings are obtained. The calculated critical temperatures can be quantitatively comparable to the experimental data. © 2000 American Institute of Physics.published_or_final_versio

    Phase diagram of an extended Kondo lattice model for manganites: The Schwinger-boson mean-field approach

    Get PDF
    We investigate the phase diagram of an extended Kondo lattice model for doped manganese oxides in the presence of strong but finite Hund's coupling and on-site Coulomb interaction. By means of the Schwinger-boson mean-field approach, it is found that, besides magnetic ordering, there will be nonuniform charge distributions, such as charge ordering and phase separation, if the interaction between electrons prevails over the hybridization. Which of the charge ordering and phase separation appears is determined by a competition between effective repulsive and attractive interactions due to virtual processes of electron hopping. Calculated results show that strong electron correlations caused by the on-site Coulomb interaction as well as the finite Hund's coupling play an important role in the magnetic ordering and charge distribution at low temperatures. ©2000 The American Physical Society.published_or_final_versio

    Orbital ordering and two ferromagnetic phases in low-doped La 1-xSr xMnO 3

    Get PDF
    We present a theory for the transition between two ferromagnetic phases observed experimentally in lightly doped La 1-xSr xMnO 3. Starting from an electronic model, the instabilities to various types of orbital orderings are studied within the random-phase approximation. In most cases, the instabilities occur in the region of strong correlations. A phase diagram is calculated in the case of strong correlation by means of the projected perturbation technique and the Schwinger boson technique. A phase transition between two types of orbital ordering occurs at a low doping, which may be closely relevant to recent experimental observations.published_or_final_versio

    Macroscopic theory of giant magnetoresistance in magnetic granular metals

    Get PDF
    A macroscopic theory of giant magnetoresistance in granular magnetic materials is developed to improve on that of Rubinstein [Phys. Rev. B 50, 3830 (1994)]. By using a self-consistent method and introducing a useful parametrization, we show the magnetotransport in granular systems to be between those for currents in the plane of layers and currents perpendicular to the plane of the layers in multilayers. The theoretical result in the local limit is found to be in agreement with the observed singular dependence of the giant magnetoresistance on annealing temperature.published_or_final_versio

    Giant magnetoresistance in magnetic granular systems

    Get PDF
    Based on a semiclassical model, the transport properties in systems of cylindrical or spherical magnetic granules are investigated analytically. It is shown that the conductivities as well as the magnetoresistance of these systems depend strongly on the size of the granules. In particular, there is always an optimum granular size for the magnetoresistance. ©1996 American Institute of Physics.published_or_final_versio

    Discrete-step evaporation of an atomic beam

    Full text link
    We present a theoretical analysis of the evaporative cooling of a magnetically guided atomic beam by means of discrete radio-frequency antennas. First we derive the changes in flux and temperature, as well as in collision rate and phase-space density, for a single evaporation step. Next we show how the occurrence of collisions during the propagation between two successive antennas can be probed. Finally, we discuss the optimization of the evaporation ramp with several antennas to reach quantum degeneracy. We estimate the number of antennas required to increase the phase-space density by several orders of magnitude. We find that at least 30 antennas are needed to gain a factor 10810^8 in phase-space density.Comment: Submitted to Eur. Phys. J.

    Resonances in J/ψϕπ+πJ/\psi \to \phi \pi ^+\pi ^- and ϕK+K\phi K^+K^-

    Full text link
    A partial wave analysis is presented of J/ψϕπ+πJ/\psi \to \phi \pi ^+\pi ^- and ϕK+K\phi K^+K^- from a sample of 58M J/ψJ/\psi events in the BES II detector. The f0(980)f_0(980) is observed clearly in both sets of data, and parameters of the Flatt\' e formula are determined accurately: M=965±8M = 965 \pm 8 (stat) ±6\pm 6 (syst) MeV/c2^2, g1=165±10±15g_1 = 165 \pm 10 \pm 15 MeV/c2^2, g2/g1=4.21±0.25±0.21g_2/g_1 = 4.21 \pm 0.25 \pm 0.21. The ϕππ\phi \pi \pi data also exhibit a strong ππ\pi \pi peak centred at M=1335M = 1335 MeV/c2^2. It may be fitted with f2(1270)f_2(1270) and a dominant 0+0^+ signal made from f0(1370)f_0(1370) interfering with a smaller f0(1500)f_0(1500) component. There is evidence that the f0(1370)f_0(1370) signal is resonant, from interference with f2(1270)f_2(1270). There is also a state in ππ\pi \pi with M=179030+40M = 1790 ^{+40}_{-30} MeV/c2^2 and Γ=27030+60\Gamma = 270 ^{+60}_{-30} MeV/c2^2; spin 0 is preferred over spin 2. This state, f0(1790)f_0(1790), is distinct from f0(1710)f_0(1710). The ϕKKˉ\phi K\bar K data contain a strong peak due to f2(1525)f_2'(1525). A shoulder on its upper side may be fitted by interference between f0(1500)f_0(1500) and f0(1710)f_0(1710).Comment: 17 pages, 6 figures, 1 table. Submitted to Phys. Lett.
    corecore