578 research outputs found

    Dual Enrollment and Community College Outcomes for First-Time, Full-Time Freshmen: A Quasi-Experimental Study

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    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of dual enrollment course participation by comparing first-time, full-time traditional community college students who participated in dual enrollment (N=246) to peers (N=986) that did not participate. Dual enrollment participation was defined as taking one or more dual enrollment courses. The population for this study (N=1,232) included first-time, full-time students who graduated from public high schools in the service area of Northeast State Community College over a five year span from 2008 through 2012. Propensity score matching eliminated self-selection bias by controlling for confounding covariates such as parental education, high school GPA, and ACT scores. The major findings of the study included the following: dual enrollment participants (a) were nearly four times less likely to take remediation than non-participants, (b) earned approximately 1 extra credit hour in the first semesters of college, (c) earned higher first semester GPAs, (d) were 2.5 times more likely to graduate in 2 years (100% of degree time) and, (e) were 1.68 times more likely to graduate in 3 years (150% of degree time). The study concluded that dual enrollment benefits community college students in Tennessee, both at the beginning and completion of college. This is a significant justification for the current investment in dual enrollment by the State of Tennessee and for further increasing access to dual enrollment for all students, especially for students that live in rural areas, experience poverty, or are underrepresented in higher education

    Materials of Lightweight Concrete Research

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    The objectives for this research project are to explore options for innovative and sustainable materials in lightweight concrete. Various materials including granite powder, hydrated lime, latex, and recycled glass beads will be used in the concrete testing for this project. The question the team wants to answer is how these additives affect the concrete’s mechanical properties. Weekly mix designs will be performed, and control cylinders will be compared to experimental cylinders. Compression and tensile testing will also be performed to further aid the research. The motivation for performing this research is to aid mix development for the University of Akron Concrete Canoe Team. From this study, the Concrete Canoe Team will have invaluable research that will allow them to make the best decisions regarding lightweight concrete materials

    Investigating the role of exogenous cueing on selection history formation

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    © 2019, The Psychonomic Society, Inc. An abundance of recent empirical data suggest that repeatedly allocating visual attention to task-relevant and/or reward-predicting features in the visual world engenders an attentional bias for these frequently attended stimuli, even when they become task irrelevant and no longer predict reward. In short, attentional selection in the past hinders voluntary control of attention in the present. But do such enduring attentional biases rely on a history of voluntary, goal-directed attentional selection, or can they be generated through involuntary, effortless attentional allocation? An abrupt visual onset triggers such a reflexive allocation of covert spatial attention to its location in the visual field, automatically modulating numerous aspects of visual perception. In this Registered Report, we asked whether a selection history that has been reflexively and involuntarily derived (i.e., through abrupt-onset cueing) also interferes with goal-directed attentional control, even in the complete absence of exogenous cues. To build spatially distinct histories of exogenous selection, we presented abrupt-onset cues twice as often at one of two task locations, and as expected, these cues reflexively modulated visual processing: task accuracy increased, and response times (RTs) decreased, when the cue appeared near the target’s location, relative to that of the distractor. Upon removal of these cues, however, we found no evidence that exogenous selection history modulated task performance: task accuracy and RTs at the previously most-cued and previously least-cued sides were statistically indistinguishable. Thus, unlike voluntarily directed attention, involuntary attentional allocation may not be sufficient to engender historically contingent selection biases

    Global Theory of Quantum Boundary Conditions and Topology Change

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    We analyze the global theory of boundary conditions for a constrained quantum system with classical configuration space a compact Riemannian manifold MM with regular boundary Γ=∂M\Gamma=\partial M. The space \CM of self-adjoint extensions of the covariant Laplacian on MM is shown to have interesting geometrical and topological properties which are related to the different topological closures of MM. In this sense, the change of topology of MM is connected with the non-trivial structure of \CM. The space \CM itself can be identified with the unitary group \CU(L^2(\Gamma,\C^N)) of the Hilbert space of boundary data L^2(\Gamma,\C^N). A particularly interesting family of boundary conditions, identified as the set of unitary operators which are singular under the Cayley transform, \CC_-\cap \CC_+ (the Cayley manifold), turns out to play a relevant role in topology change phenomena. The singularity of the Cayley transform implies that some energy levels, usually associated with edge states, acquire an infinity energy when by an adiabatic change the boundary condition reaches the Cayley submanifold \CC_-. In this sense topological transitions require an infinite amount of quantum energy to occur, although the description of the topological transition in the space \CM is smooth. This fact has relevant implications in string theory for possible scenarios with joint descriptions of open and closed strings. In the particular case of elliptic self--adjoint boundary conditions, the space \CC_- can be identified with a Lagrangian submanifold of the infinite dimensional Grassmannian. The corresponding Cayley manifold \CC_- is dual of the Maslov class of \CM.Comment: 29 pages, 2 figures, harvma

    Multivariate time series modelling

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    SIGLEAvailable from British Library Document Supply Centre- DSC:DX94649 / BLDSC - British Library Document Supply CentreGBUnited Kingdo

    Simulation-To-Flight 1 (STF-1): Automating the Planning, Scheduling, Assessment and Data Processing/Reduction for a Small Satellite

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    On December 16, 2019, a 3-U CubeSat named STF-1 launched as West Virginia’s first spacecraft. This event marked the culmination of a run-up to launch involving the production of the spacecraft, creation/configuration of command and control infrastructure, and the evolution of its co-creation, the NASA Operational Simulator for Small Satellites (NOS3). This event also marked the beginning of a new phase: operations. While plans, procedures, and infrastructure were already in place or started for operations, many lessons were learned during the operations phase, especially during early operations (first month/commissioning phase). Additional plans, procedures, and infrastructure, especially related to communication planning and automated data processing, were created and developed to fill needs for the operation of the STF-1 mission. This paper and presentation will overview the STF-1 operations team’s solutions to addressing the many needs of operating a low-earth orbiting CubeSat mission with a single ground antenna that is shared and scheduled with several other missions. The STF-1 operations team deployed a combination of virtualization technologies, ground station technology solutions, collaboration software, custom planning software solutions, and existing ground antenna scheduling solutions to create an effective and efficient CubeSat operations environment. The end-solution satisfied the operations stakeholders, which include NASA, its industry partner TMC Technologies, and four independent professor-student teams at West Virginia University

    Improved Classification Of Medical Data Using Meta-Best Feature Selection

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    Feature selection provides a useful method for reducing the size of large data sets while maintaining integrity, thereby improving the accuracy of neural networks and other classifiers. However, running multiple feature selection models and their accompanying classifiers can make interpreting results difficult. To this end, we present a data-driven methodology called Meta-Best that not only returns a single feature set related to a classification target, but also returns an optimal size and ranks the features by importance within the set. This proposed methodology is tested on six distinct targets from the well-known REGARDS dataset: Deceased, Self-Reported Diabetes, Light Alcohol Abuse Risk, Regular NSAID Use, Current Smoker, and Self-Reported Stroke. This methodology is shown to improve the classification rate of neural networks by 0.056 using the ROC Area Under Curve metric compared to a control test with no feature selection

    The effect of the General Data Protection Regulation on medical research

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    Background: The enactment of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) will impact on European data science. Particular concerns relating to consent requirements that would severely restrict medical data research have been raised. Objective: Our objective is to explain the changes in data protection laws that apply to medical research and to discuss their potential impact. Methods: Analysis of ethicolegal requirements imposed by the GDPR. Results: The GDPR makes the classification of pseudonymised data as personal data clearer, although it has not been entirely resolved. Biomedical research on personal data where consent has not been obtained must be of substantial public interest. Conclusions: The GDPR introduces protections for data subjects that aim for consistency across the EU. The proposed changes will make little impact on biomedical data research

    NASA Operational Simulator for SmallSats (NOS3) – Design Reference Mission

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    The NASA Operational Simulator for Small Satellites (NOS3) has undergone significant advances including updating the framework to be component based and expanding the open-source code to include a generic design reference mission to enable advanced technologies. This paper details the changes to the framework as well as a number of innovative use-cases the team is currently supporting such as 1) the expansion of NOS3 to support distributed systems missions in collaboration with NASA GSFC, 2) the integration of NASA JPL’s Science Yield improvemeNt via Onboard Prioritization and Summary of Information Systems (SYNOPSIS) for on-orbit science data prioritization, and 3) the inclusion of NASA IV&V JSTAR’s software-only CCSDS encryption library (CryptoLib). NOS3 continues to serve the SmallSat community by providing an open-source digital twin that can significantly reduce costs associated with spacecraft software development, test, and operations. The NOS3 team plans to continue to expand the resources available to the community and partner with others to resolve issues and add new features requested via the NASA GitHub

    The Journal of the Friends' Historical Society vol. 1 No. 3

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    1. Notices. 2. Notes and Queries. 3. First Publishers of Truth. 4. Edmund Peckover's Travels in North America and Barbados. 5. Quaker or Common Beggars. 6. County Tipperary Friends Records I. 7. The Quaker Family of Owen III. 8. Inscriptions in Friends' Burial Ground, Bowcroft, near Sheffield. 9. Notes on Friends in South of Scotland II. 10. Editors Proposals. 11. Samuel Bownas to James Wilson, 1751. 12. Friends' Library, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 13. Friends' Historical Society of America. 14. Friends' Reference Library. 15. Awbrey of Brecknockshire. 16. Paragraph of the Will of John Rutty, 1770. 17. Third List of Members. 18. Index to Volume 1
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