7,094 research outputs found

    On the location of two blow up points on an annulus for the mean field equation

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    We consider the mean field equation on two-dimensional annular domains, and prove that if PP and QQ are two blow up points of a blowing-up solution sequence of the equation, then we must have P=−QP=-Q.Comment: To appear in CRA

    The Herschel Virgo Cluster Survey - V. Star-forming dwarf galaxies – dust in metal-poor environments

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    We present the dust properties of a small sample of Virgo cluster dwarf galaxies drawn from the science demonstration phase data set of the Herschel Virgo Cluster Survey. These galaxies have low metallicities (7.8 < 12 + log(O/H) < 8.3) and star-formation rates ≲10^(-1) M_☉ yr^(-1). We measure the spectral energy distribution (SED) from 100 to 500 μm and derive dust temperatures and dust masses. The SEDs are fitted by a cool component of temperature T ≲ 20 K, implying dust masses around 10^5 M_☉ and dust-to-gas ratios within the range 10^(-3)–10^(-2). The completion of the full survey will yield a larger set of galaxies, which will provide more stringent constraints on the dust content of star-forming dwarf galaxies

    Research relative to the development of a cryogenic microwave cavity gradiometer for orbital use

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    The noncryogenic, single axis, gravity gradiometer which is characterized by a sensitivity of the order of 10 to the minus 2 power Eovos Units in a few sec integration time was investigated. The prototype of testing gradiometer on the earth surface by the free fall in vacuo method was expanded. An existing free fall tower facility and the possibility of adding inside the falling elevator cabin an air tight, sealed, cylindrical container with inside pressure or = -0.001 Torr were examined to test the gradiometer in free fall conditions inside this evacuated container. Earth's gravity anomalies are simulated with masses of suitable shape, weight, and location. The attitude of the falling gradiometer is monitored by a three axis gyro package mounted on the instrument package. It is concluded that the free fall testing of the gradiometer is both feasible and practical

    Investigation of traveling ionospheric disturbances

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    Maximum entropy power spectra of the ionospheric electron density were constructed to enable PINY to compare them with the power independently obtained by PINY with in situ measurements of ionospheric electron density and neutral species performed with instrumentation carried by the Atmospheric Explorer (AE) satellite. This comparison corroborated evidence on the geophysical reality of the alleged electron density irregularities detected by the ASTP dual frequency Doppler link. Roughly half of the localized wave structures which are confined to dimensions of 1800 km or less (as seen by an orbiting Doppler baseline) were found to be associated with the larger crest of the geomagnetic anomaly in the Southern (winter) Hemisphere in the morning. The observed nighttime structures are also associated with local peaks in the electron density

    The radio spectra of reddened 2MASS QSOs: evidence for young radio jets

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    Multifrequency radio continuum observations (1.4-22 GHz) of a sample of reddened QSOs are presented. We find a high incidence (13/16) of radio spectral properties, such as low frequency turnovers, high frequency spectral breaks or steep power-law slopes, similar to those observed in powerful compact steep spectrum (CSS) and gigahertz-peaked spectrum (GPS) sources. The radio data are consistent with relatively young radio jets with synchotron ages <1e6-1e7yr. This calculation is limited by the lack of high resolution (milli-arcsec) radio observations. For the one source in the sample that such data are available a much younger radio age is determined, <2e3yr, similar to those of GPS/CSS sources. These findings are consistent with claims that reddened QSOs are young systems captured at the first stages of the growth of their supermassive black holes. It also suggests that expanding radio lobes may be an important feedback mode at the early stages of the evolution of AGN.Comment: 9 pages, to appear in MNRA

    Satellite To Satellite Doppler Tracking (SSDT) for mapping of the Earth's gravity field

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    Two SSDT schemes were evaluated: a standard, low-low, SSDT configuration, which both satellites are in basically the same low altitude nearly circular orbit and the pair is characterized by small angular separation; and a more general configuration in which the two satellites are in arbitrary orbits, so that different configurations can be comparatively analyed. The standard low-low SSDT configuration is capable of recovering 1 deg X 1 deg surface anomalies with a strength as low as 1 milligal, located on the projected satellite path, when observing from a height as large as 300 km. The Colombo scheme provides an important complement of SSDT observations, inasmuch as it is sensitive to radial velocity components, while keeping at the same performance level both measuring sensitivity and measurement resolution

    Doppler measurements of the ionosphere on the occasion of the Apollo-Soyuz test project. Part 2: Inversion of differential and rotating Doppler shifts

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    The preparation of the analytical approach and of the related software used in the inversion of the differential and rotating Doppler data obtained from the ionospheric experiment of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) is discussed. These data were collected in space-to-space paths (between the ASTP Docking Module (DM) and the Apollo Command Service Module and in space-to-ground paths (between the DM and ground). The Doppler links operated at 162 and 324 MHz and have an accuracy better than 3 MHz over 10-sec integration time. The inversion approach was tested with dummy data obtained with a computer simulation. It was found that a measurement accuracy of 1 to 10% in the value of the horizontal electron density gradient at 221-km altitude can be achieved, in space-to-space paths. For space-to-ground paths near the orbital plane, possible effects of the horizontal gradients on the received differential Doppler shifts were identified. It was possible to reduce the gradient-associated errors in the inversion that leads to the columnar electron content by approximately one-half. Accuracies of 5 to 10% in columnar electron content are achievable, with this gradient-compensation technique

    L∞-norm and energy quantization for the planar Lane–Emden problem with large exponent

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    For any smooth bounded domain (Formula presented.), we consider positive solutions to (Formula presented.)which satisfy the uniform energy bound (Formula presented.)for (Formula presented.). We prove convergence to (Formula presented.) as (Formula presented.) of the (Formula presented.)-norm of any solution. We further deduce quantization of the energy to multiples of (Formula presented.), thus completing the analysis performed in De Marchis et al. (J Fixed Point Theory Appl 19:889–916, 2017)
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