11,028 research outputs found

    The Role of Learning Experiences in the Development of Expertise

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    This study examined the types of learning experiences leading to the development of expertise. A qualitative research approach was employed with twelve participants from a purposeful sampling of four historically themed museums. Analysis revealed learning experiences leading to expertise development included formal training and continuing education and informal and incidental learning

    Rotational velocities of A-type stars II. Measurement of vsini in the northern hemisphere

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    This work is the second part of the set of measurements of vsini for A-type stars, begun by Royer et al. (2002). Spectra of 249 B8 to F2-type stars brighter than V=7 have been collected at Observatoire de Haute-Provence (OHP). Fourier transforms of several line profiles in the range 4200--4600 A are used to derive vsini from the frequency of the first zero. Statistical analysis of the sample indicates that measurement error mainly depends on vsini and this relative error of the rotational velocity is found to be about 5% on average. The systematic shift with respect to standard values from Slettebak et al. (1975), previously found in the first paper, is here confirmed. Comparisons with data from the literature agree with our findings: vsini values from Slettebak et al. are underestimated and the relation between both scales follows a linear law: vsini(new) = 1.03 vsini(old) + 7.7. Finally, these data are combined with those from the previous paper (Royer et al. 2002), together with the catalogue of Abt & Morrell (1995). The resulting sample includes some 2150 stars with homogenized rotational velocities.Comment: 16 pages, includes 13 figures, accepted in A&

    Do As I Say, Not As I Do: A Case Study of Two Museum Docent Training Programs

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    Abstract: This comparative case study examined docent training programs, at a history museum and art gallery. Data were collected through interviews with museum educators, training and promotional materials, and observations of training. Analysis revealed that the learning theory docents are encouraged to use with visitors is not applied by museum educators during docent training

    How Do Museums Fit into our Notions of Adult Education?

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    In order to offer successful learning opportunities for adults throughout their lives it is important to explore the role of museums in adult education and learning. The goal of this roundtable is to address the long held notion that museums are valid places of adult learning and call attention to its diminished presence in adult education research and discourse

    Cooperative ordering of gapped and gapless spin networks in Cu2_2Fe2_2Ge4_4O13_{13}

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    The unusual magnetic properties of a novel low-dimensional quantum ferrimagnet Cu2_2Fe2_2Ge4_4O13_{13} are studied using bulk methods, neutron diffraction and inelastic neutron scattering. It is shown that this material can be described in terms of two low-dimensional quantum spin subsystems, one gapped and the other gapless, characterized by two distinct energy scales. Long-range magnetic ordering observed at low temperatures is a cooperative phenomenon caused by weak coupling of these two spin networks.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

    Investigação sobre a capacidade de sobrevivência durante o inverno na ilha Terceira, Açores, de Istocheta aldrichi (Mesnil) (Diptera: Tachinidae) um parasitóide de Popillia japonica Newman (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae).

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    A study of diapause in the parasitic fly Istocheta aldrichi (Diptera: Tachinidae) was undertaken to help investigate the possibility of its establishment in Terceira as a biological control agent of the Japanese beetle, Popillia japonica (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). It was concluded that pupae should be imported from the USA only when they are almost ready to emerge, and to optimise rearing conditions there to increase emergence percentages. Conditions are not ideal for its development in Terceira, as this univoltine parasitoid has a high pupal mortality both in laboratory cultures and outdoors during the overwintering period. These studies should continue until I. aldrichi has become established in the Azores

    Raman scattering through surfaces having biaxial symmetry

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    Magnetic Raman scattering in two-leg spin ladder materials and the relationship between the anisotropic exchange integrals are analyzed by P. J. Freitas and R. R. P. Singh in Phys. Rev. B, {\bf 62}, 14113 (2000). The angular dependence of the two-magnon scattering is shown to provide information for the magnetic anisotropy in the Sr_14Cu_24O_41 and La_6Ca_8Cu_24O_41 compounds. We point out that the experimental results of polarized Raman measurements at arbitrary angles with respect to the crystal axes have to be corrected for the light ellipticity induced inside the optically anisotropic crystals. We refer quantitatively to the case of Sr_14Cu_24O_41 and discuss potential implications for spectroscopic studies in other materials with strong anisotropy.Comment: To be published as a Comment in Phys. Rev.

    Longitudinal and Transverse Zeeman Ladders in the Ising-Like Chain Antiferromagnet BaCo2V2O8

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    We explore the spin dynamics emerging from the N\'eel phase of the chain compound antiferromagnet BaCo2V2O8. Our inelastic neutron scattering study reveals unconventional discrete spin excitations, so called Zeeman ladders, understood in terms of spinon confinement, due to the interchain attractive linear potential. These excitations consist in two interlaced series of modes, respectively with transverse and longitudinal polarization. The latter have no classical counterpart and are related to the zero-point fluctuations that weaken the ordered moment in weakly coupled quantum chains. Our analysis reveals that BaCo2V2O8, with moderate Ising anisotropy and sizable interchain interactions, remarkably fulfills the conditions necessary for the observation of these longitudinal excitations.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures, 2 additional pages of supplemental material with 2 figures; Journal ref. added; 1 page erratum added at the end with 1 figur

    No Margin for Error: A Study of Two Women Balancing Motherhood and Ph.D. Studies

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    This cogenerative ethnography explored the lived experiences of two graduate students balancing Ph.D. studies and motherhood through McClusky’s (1963) Theory of Margi n. Specifically, we asked ourselves: What impact does pregnancy have on personal and academic selves and how are multiple roles and responsibilities managed? Through an analysis of dialogues, artifacts, conceptual maps, and narratives, examples of internal and external lo ad revealed the dynamic nature of the female experiences in graduate school. Excerpts from the data showed how roles, relationships, and experiences are characterized and how similar or different those example s were, given individual context. Implications of this research for students, faculty, and higher education policy are explored

    Mesoscopic correlations in Tb2Ti2O7 spin liquid

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    We have studied the spin correlations with k\bf{k}= (12\frac12, 12\frac12, 12\frac12) propagation vector which appear below 0.4\, K in \tbti\ spin liquid by combining powder neutron diffraction and specific heat on Tb2+x_{2+x}Ti2‚ąíx_{2-x}O7+y_{7+y} samples with xx=0, 0.01, -0.01. The k\bf{k}= (12\frac12, 12\frac12, 12\frac12) order clearly appears on all neutron patterns by subtracting a pattern at 1.2(1)\,K. Refining the subtracted patterns at 0.07\,K yields two possible spin structures, with spin-ice-like and monopole-like correlations respectively. Mesoscopic correlations involve Tb moments of 1 to 2 \mub\ ordered on a length scale of about 20 \AA. In addition, long range order involving a small spin component of 0.1 to 0.2 \mub\ is detected for the xx= 0 and 0.01 samples showing a peak in the specific heat. Comparison with previous single crystals data suggests that the (12\frac12, 12\frac12, 12\frac12) order settles in through nanometric spin textures with dominant spin ice character and correlated orientations, analogous to nanomagnetic twins
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