16,287 research outputs found

    Lax Operator for the Quantised Orthosymplectic Superalgebra U_q[osp(2|n)]

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    Each quantum superalgebra is a quasi-triangular Hopf superalgebra, so contains a \textit{universal RR-matrix} in the tensor product algebra which satisfies the Yang-Baxter equation. Applying the vector representation π\pi, which acts on the vector module VV, to one side of a universal RR-matrix gives a Lax operator. In this paper a Lax operator is constructed for the CC-type quantum superalgebras Uq[osp(2n)]U_q[osp(2|n)]. This can in turn be used to find a solution to the Yang-Baxter equation acting on VVWV \otimes V \otimes W where WW is an arbitrary Uq[osp(2n)]U_q[osp(2|n)] module. The case W=VW=V is included here as an example.Comment: 15 page

    R-matrices and Tensor Product Graph Method

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    A systematic method for constructing trigonometric R-matrices corresponding to the (multiplicity-free) tensor product of any two affinizable representations of a quantum algebra or superalgebra has been developed by the Brisbane group and its collaborators. This method has been referred to as the Tensor Product Graph Method. Here we describe applications of this method to untwisted and twisted quantum affine superalgebras.Comment: LaTex 7 pages. Contribution to the APCTP-Nankai Joint Symposium on "Lattice Statistics and Mathematical Physics", 8-10 October 2001, Tianjin, Chin

    WFIRST Ultra-Precise Astrometry II: Asteroseismology

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    WFIRST microlensing observations will return high-precision parallaxes, sigma(pi) < 0.3 microarcsec, for the roughly 1 million stars with H<14 in its 2.8 deg^2 field toward the Galactic bulge. Combined with its 40,000 epochs of high precision photometry (~0.7 mmag at H_vega=14 and ~0.1 mmag at H=8), this will yield a wealth of asteroseismic data of giant stars, primarily in the Galactic bulge but including a substantial fraction of disk stars at all Galactocentric radii interior to the Sun. For brighter stars, the astrometric data will yield an external check on the radii derived from the two asteroseismic parameters, and nu_max, while for the fainter ones, it will enable a mass measurement from the single measurable asteroseismic parameter nu_max. Simulations based on Kepler data indicate that WFIRST will be capable of detecting oscillations in stars from slightly less luminous than the red clump to the tip of the red giant branch, yielding roughly 1 million detections.Comment: 13 pages, 6 figures, submitted to JKA

    Casimir invariants and characteristic identities for gl()gl(\infty )

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    A full set of (higher order) Casimir invariants for the Lie algebra gl()gl(\infty ) is constructed and shown to be well defined in the category OFSO_{FS} generated by the highest weight (unitarizable) irreducible representations with only a finite number of non-zero weight components. Moreover the eigenvalues of these Casimir invariants are determined explicitly in terms of the highest weight. Characteristic identities satisfied by certain (infinite) matrices with entries from gl()gl(\infty ) are also determined and generalize those previously obtained for gl(n)gl(n) by Bracken and Green.1,2^{1,2}Comment: 10 pages, PlainTe

    Unitarity and Complete Reducibility of Certain Modules over Quantized Affine Lie Algebras

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    Let Uq(G^)U_q(\hat{\cal G}) denote the quantized affine Lie algebra and Uq(G(1))U_q({\cal G}^{(1)}) the quantized {\em nontwisted} affine Lie algebra. Let Ofin{\cal O}_{\rm fin} be the category defined in section 3. We show that when the deformation parameter qq is not a root of unit all integrable representations of Uq(G^)U_q(\hat{\cal G}) in the category Ofin{\cal O}_{\rm fin} are completely reducible and that every integrable irreducible highest weight module over Uq(G(1))U_q({\cal G}^{(1)}) corresponding to q>0q>0 is equivalent to a unitary module.Comment: 17 pages (minor errors corrected

    A class of quadratic deformations of Lie superalgebras

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    We study certain Z_2-graded, finite-dimensional polynomial algebras of degree 2 which are a special class of deformations of Lie superalgebras, which we call quadratic Lie superalgebras. Starting from the formal definition, we discuss the generalised Jacobi relations in the context of the Koszul property, and give a proof of the PBW basis theorem. We give several concrete examples of quadratic Lie superalgebras for low dimensional cases, and discuss aspects of their structure constants for the `type I' class. We derive the equivalent of the Kac module construction for typical and atypical modules, and a related direct construction of irreducible modules due to Gould. We investigate in detail one specific case, the quadratic generalisation gl_2(n/1) of the Lie superalgebra sl(n/1). We formulate the general atypicality conditions at level 1, and present an analysis of zero-and one-step atypical modules for a certain family of Kac modules.Comment: 26pp, LaTeX. Original title: "Finite dimensional quadratic Lie superalgebras"; abstract re-worded; text clarified; 3 references added; rearrangement of minor appendices into text; new subsection 4.

    Generalised Perk--Schultz models: solutions of the Yang-Baxter equation associated with quantised orthosymplectic superalgebras

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    The Perk--Schultz model may be expressed in terms of the solution of the Yang--Baxter equation associated with the fundamental representation of the untwisted affine extension of the general linear quantum superalgebra Uq[sl(mn)]U_q[sl(m|n)], with a multiparametric co-product action as given by Reshetikhin. Here we present analogous explicit expressions for solutions of the Yang-Baxter equation associated with the fundamental representations of the twisted and untwisted affine extensions of the orthosymplectic quantum superalgebras Uq[osp(mn)]U_q[osp(m|n)]. In this manner we obtain generalisations of the Perk--Schultz model.Comment: 10 pages, 2 figure

    Punctuated Equilibrium in Software Evolution

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    The approach based on paradigm of self-organized criticality proposed for experimental investigation and theoretical modelling of software evolution. The dynamics of modifications studied for three free, open source programs Mozilla, Free-BSD and Emacs using the data from version control systems. Scaling laws typical for the self-organization criticality found. The model of software evolution presenting the natural selection principle is proposed. The results of numerical and analytical investigation of the model are presented. They are in a good agreement with the data collected for the real-world software.Comment: 4 pages, LaTeX, 2 Postscript figure
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