2,536 research outputs found

    Heat fluctuations in Ising models coupled with two different heat baths

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    Monte Carlo simulations of Ising models coupled to heat baths at two different temperatures are used to study a fluctuation relation for the heat exchanged between the two thermostats in a time Ď„\tau. Different kinetics (single--spin--flip or spin--exchange Kawasaki dynamics), transition rates (Glauber or Metropolis), and couplings between the system and the thermostats have been considered. In every case the fluctuation relation is verified in the large Ď„\tau limit, both in the disordered and in the low temperature phase. Finite-Ď„\tau corrections are shown to obey a scaling behavior.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figures. To be published in Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical as fast track communicatio

    Phase-ordering dynamics of binary mixtures with field-dependent mobility in shear flow

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    The effect of shear flow on the phase-ordering dynamics of a binary mixture with field-dependent mobility is investigated. The problem is addressed in the context of the time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equation with an external velocity term, studied in self-consistent approximation. Assuming a scaling ansatz for the structure factor, the asymptotic behavior of the observables in the scaling regime can be analytically calculated. All the observables show log-time periodic oscillations which we interpret as due to a cyclical mechanism of stretching and break-up of domains. These oscillations are dumped as consequence of the vanishing of the mobility in the bulk phase.Comment: 9 pages, 4 figures, EPJ styl

    Spinodal decomposition to a lamellar phase: effects of hydrodynamic flow

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    Results are presented for the kinetics of domain growth of a two-dimensional fluid quenched from a disordered to a lamellar phase. At early times when a Lifshitz-Slyozov mechanism is operative the growth process proceeds logarithmically in time to a frozen state with locked-in defects. However when hydrodynamic modes become important, or the fluid is subjected to shear, the frustration of the system is alleviated and the size and orientation of the lamellae attain their equilibrium values.Comment: 4 Revtex pages, 4 figures, to appear in Physical Review Letter

    Hybrid lattice Boltzmann model for binary fluid mixtures

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    A hybrid lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) for binary mixtures based on the free-energy approach is proposed. Non-ideal terms of the pressure tensor are included as a body force in the LBM kinetic equations, used to simulate the continuity and Navier-Stokes equations. The convection-diffusion equation is studied by finite difference methods. Differential operators are discretized in order to reduce the magnitude of spurious velocities. The algorithm has been shown to be stable and reproducing the correct equilibrium behavior in simple test configurations and to be Galilean invariant. Spurious velocities can be reduced of about an order of magnitude with respect to standard discretization procedure.Comment: Final version, to appear in Phys. Rev.

    Energy and Heat Fluctuations in a Temperature Quench

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    Fluctuations of energy and heat are investigated during the relaxation following the instantaneous temperature quench of an extended system. Results are obtained analytically for the Gaussian model and for the large NN model quenched below the critical temperature TCT_C. The main finding is that fluctuations exceeding a critical threshold do condense. Though driven by a mechanism similar to that of Bose-Einstein condensation, this phenomenon is an out-of-equilibrium feature produced by the breaking of energy equipartition occurring in the transient regime. The dynamical nature of the transition is illustrated by phase diagrams extending in the time direction.Comment: To be published in the Proceedings of the Research Program "Small system non equilibrium fluctuations, dynamics and stochastics, and anomalous behavior", Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China, July 2013. 40 pages, 9 figure

    A lattice Boltzmann study of phase separation in liquid-vapor systems with gravity

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    Phase separation of a two-dimensional van der Waals fluid subject to a gravitational force is studied by numerical simulations based on lattice Boltzmann methods (LBM) implemented with a finite difference scheme. A growth exponent α=1\alpha=1 is measured in the direction of the external force.Comment: To appear in Communications in Computational Physics (CiCP

    Switching dynamics in cholesteric blue phases

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    Blue phases are networks of disclination lines, which occur in cholesteric liquid crystals near the transition to the isotropic phase. They have recently been used for the new generation of fast switching liquid crystal displays. Here we study numerically the steady states and switching hydrodynamics of blue phase I (BPI) and blue phase II (BPII) cells subjected to an electric field. When the field is on, there are three regimes: for very weak fields (and strong anchoring at the boundaries) the blue phases are almost unaffected, for intermediate fields the disclinations twist (for BPI) and unzip (for BPII), whereas for very large voltages the network dissolves in the bulk of the cell. Interestingly, we find that a BPII cell can recover its original structure when the field is switched off, whereas a BPI cell is found to be trapped more easily into metastable configurations. The kinetic pathways followed during switching on and off entails dramatic reorganisation of the disclination networks. We also discuss the effect of changing the director field anchoring at the boundary planes and of varying the direction of the applied field.Comment: 17 pages, 11 figure

    Monte Carlo study of the growth of striped domains

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    We analyze the dynamical scaling behavior in a two-dimensional spin model with competing interactions after a quench to a striped phase. We measure the growth exponents studying the scaling of the interfaces and the scaling of the shrinking time of a ball of one phase plunged into the sea of another phase. Our results confirm the predictions found in previous papers. The correlation functions measured in the direction parallel and transversal to the stripes are different as suggested by the existence of different interface energies between the ground states of the model. Our simulations show anisotropic features for the correlations both in the case of single-spin-flip and spin-exchange dynamics.Comment: 15 pages, ReVTe
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